Allied Warships

HMS Encounter (H 10)

Destroyer of the E class


HMS Encounter prewar

NavyThe Royal Navy
TypeDestroyer
ClassE 
PennantH 10 
Built byHawthorn Leslie & Co. (Hebburn-on-Tyne, U.K.) 
Ordered1 Nov 1932 
Laid down15 Mar 1933 
Launched29 Mar 1934 
Commissioned2 Nov 1934 
Lost1 Mar 1942 
History

On 1 March 1942 HMS Encounter (Lt.Cdr. Eric Vernon Saint John Morgan, RN) was scuttled by her own crew after being damaged by gunfire from the Japanese heavy cruisers Ashigara and Myoko (offsite links) in the Java Sea.

 

Commands listed for HMS Encounter (H 10)

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CommanderFromTo
1Lt.Cdr. Aubrey St. Clair-Ford, RN4 Apr 19389 Nov 1939
2Lt.Cdr. Eric Vernon St. John Morgan, RN9 Nov 19391 Mar 1942

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Notable events involving Encounter include:


6 Feb 1941
British raid on Genoa.

Force H (Vice Admiral Somerville) left Gibraltar on 6 February 1941. The battlecruiser HMS Renown (Capt R.R. McGrigor, RN), battleship HMS Malaya (Capt. A.F.E. Palliser, DSC, RN), aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal (Capt. C.S. Holland, RN), light cruiser HMS Sheffield (Capt. C.A.A. Larcom, RN) and the destroyers HMS Fearless (Cdr. A.F. Pugsley, RN) HMS Foxhound (Lt.Cdr. G.H. Peters, DSC, RN), HMS Foresight (Cdr. J.S.C. Salter, RN), HMS Fury (Lt.Cdr. T.C. Robinson, RN), HMS Encounter (Lt.Cdr. E.V.St.J. Morgan, RN) and HMS Jersey (Lt.Cdr. A.F. Burnell-Nugent, DSC, RN) left Gibraltar to the west with convoy HG-53. This was done to fool German and Italian observers in Spain. In the meantime 4 destroyers HMS Duncan (Capt. A.D.B. James, RN), HMS Isis (Cdr. C.S.B. Swinley, DSC, RN) HMS Firedrake (Lt.Cdr. S.H. Norris, DSO, DSC, RN) and HMS Jupiter (Lt.Cdr. N.V.J.P. Thew, RN) left Gibraltar and steamed to the east to conduct a anti-submarine sweep. During the night Force H reversed course and passed Gibraltar on an easterly course back into the Mediterranean. There they were joined by the 4 destroyers that conducted the anti-submarine sweep.

On 8 February the Italian fleet left port and steamed south after they received reports of British carrier aircraft south of the Balearics. The Italians thought that there was another convoy to Malta.

Early in the morning of 9 February Renown, Malaya and Sheffield bombarded the Italian city of Genoa. In the harbour 4 ships were sunk and 18 were damaged. Also the city itself was damaged.

The Italian fleet turned around and tried to intercept the British ships but due to the bad weather this failed.

In the meantime Ark Royal's aircraft raided Livorno and mined the harbour of La Spezia.

Force H safely returned to Gibraltar on 11 February.

Media links


British destroyers & frigates

Norman Friedman


Destroyers of World War Two

Whitley, M. J.


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