Gustav Poel

Kapitänleutnant (Crew 36)

4 ships sunk, total tonnage 34,525 GRT
1 warship sunk, total tonnage 1,100 tons

Born  2 Aug 1917 Hamburg
Died  16 Jan 2009(91)Hamburg

Kapitänleutnant Gustav Poel


3 Apr 1936Offiziersanwärter
10 Sep 1936Seekadett
1 May 1937Fähnrich zur See
1 Jul 1938Oberfähnrich zur See
1 Oct 1938Leutnant zur See
1 Oct 1940Oberleutnant zur See
1 Feb 1943Kapitänleutnant


6 Jun 1939Spanish Cross in Bronze without Swords
8 Nov 1939U-boat War Badge 1939
28 Feb 1940Iron Cross 2nd Class
26 Nov 1942Iron Cross 1st Class
21 Mar 1944Knights Cross
22 Dec 1944German Cross in Gold
27 Apr 1945U-boat Front Clasp

U-boat Commands

U-413 3 Jun 1942 19 Apr 1944   5 patrols (290 days) 

Kapitänleutnant Gustav Poel

Gustav Poel began his naval career in April 1936. After six months on the torpedo boat Tiger, he transferred to the U-boat force in October 1938. After the usual training and a few weeks on U-27, he became II WO on U-37 in May 1939. He made patrols with this U-boat before spending a year in several staff positions starting in June 1940.

In June 1941 he became a tactical instructor in the 25th (training) flotilla, and in January 1942 became a staff member of this flotilla.

On 3 June, 1942 he commissioned the Type VIIC U-boat U-413. He then made five patrols, mostly in the North Atlantic. An especially notable achievement was the sinking of the British destroyer Warwick in February 1944 off the Scilly Islands (Rohwer, 1998).

He left the U-boat in April 1944 and became a unit leader in the Marineschule Mürwik (navy school). From January 1945 to the end of the war he served in the BdU org staff.


Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II.
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1997). Der U-Bootkrieg 1939-1945 (Band 2).
Rohwer, J. (1998). Axis Submarine Successes of World War Two.

Patrol info for Gustav Poel

 U-boat Departure Arrival  
1. U-413 22 Oct 1942  Kiel  24 Oct 1942  Marviken  Patrol 1,3 days
2. U-413 28 Oct 1942  Marviken  25 Nov 1942  Brest  Patrol 1,29 days
3. U-413 27 Dec 1942  Brest  17 Feb 1943  Brest  Patrol 2,53 days
4. U-413 29 Mar 1943  Brest  13 Jun 1943  Brest  Patrol 3,77 days
5. U-413 4 Sep 1943  Brest  5 Sep 1943  Brest  Patrol 4,2 days
6. U-413 8 Sep 1943  Brest  18 Sep 1943  Brest  Patrol 4,11 days
7. U-413 27 Sep 1943  Brest  28 Sep 1943  Brest  Patrol 4,2 days
8. U-413 2 Oct 1943  Brest  21 Nov 1943  Brest  Patrol 4,51 days
9. U-413 26 Jan 1944  Brest  27 Mar 1944  Brest  Patrol 5,62 days
5 patrols, 290 days at sea

Ships hit by Gustav Poel

Date U-boat Commander Name of ship Tons Nat. Convoy
14 Nov 1942U-413Gustav Poel Warwick Castle20,107brMKF-1X
22 Jan 1943U-413Gustav Poel Mount Mycale3,556grSC-117
5 Feb 1943U-413Gustav Poel West Portal5,376amSC-118
21 Apr 1943U-413Gustav Poel Wanstead5,486brONS-3
20 Feb 1944U-413Gustav Poel HMS Warwick (D 25)1,100br

5 ships sunk (35,625 tons).

We have a picture of this vessel.

About ranks and decorations
Ranks shown in italics are our database inserts based on the rank dates of his crew comrades. The officers of each crew would normally have progressed through the lower ranks at the same rate.

Media links

U-Boat Attack Logs

Daniel Morgan and Bruce Taylor

German U-boat Commanders of World War II

Busch, Rainer and Röll, Hans-Joachim

Listing of all U-boat commanders