Helmut Rosenbaum

Korvettenkapitän (Crew 32)


Successes
6 ships sunk, total tonnage 35,171 GRT
3 warships sunk, total tonnage 22,692 tons (lost aboard transport ships)

Born  11 May 1913 Döbeln, Leipzig
Died  10 May 1944(30)near Constanza (Romania)


Helmut Rosenbaum

Ranks

1 Apr 1932Offiziersanwärter
4 Nov 1932Seekadett
1 Jan 1934Fähnrich zur See
1 Sep 1935Oberfähnrich zur See
1 Jan 1936Leutnant zur See
1 Oct 1937Oberleutnant zur See
1 Feb 1940Kapitänleutnant
3 Aug 1944Korvettenkapitän (posthumous)

Decorations

6 Jun 1939Spanish Cross in Bronze without Swords
16 Apr 1940Iron Cross 2nd Class
4 Mar 1941U-boat War Badge 1939
25 Apr 1941Iron Cross 1st Class
12 Aug 1942Knights Cross

U-boat Commands

U-boatFromTo
U-2 17 Mar 1939 5 Aug 1940   2 patrols (27 days) 
U-73 30 Sep 1940 10 Sep 1942   8 patrols (238 days) 

Rosenbaum
Kapitänleutnant Helmut Rosenbaum after patrol

Helmut Rosenbaum joined the Navy in August 1932. After some months on the light cruisers Königsberg and Nürnberg he transferred in February 1937 to the U-boat force, where he completed the solid pre-war training program. He then served as watch officer on several U-boats before taking command of U-2 in February 1939. He left the boat after two patrols and two months later commissioned the Type VII U-boat U-73.

After five patrols in the North Atlantic, Helmut Rosenbaum managed the breakthrough into the Mediterranean on 14 January, 1942. There he scored his greatest victory when he sank the British aircraft carrier HMS Eagle on 11 August, 1942.

He left U-73 in October 1942 and became the commander of the 30th flotilla, which fought in the Black Sea. Helmut Rosenbaum was killed in an air crash on 10 May 1944.

Sources

Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II.
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1997). Der U-Bootkrieg 1939-1945 (Band 2).
Rohwer, J. (1998). Axis Submarine Successes of World War Two.

Patrol info for Helmut Rosenbaum


 U-boat Departure Arrival  
1. U-2 15 Mar 1940  Kiel  29 Mar 1940  Wilhelmshaven  Patrol 1,15 days
2. U-2 4 Apr 1940  Wilhelmshaven  15 Apr 1940  Wilhelmshaven  Patrol 2,12 days
3. U-73 8 Feb 1941  Helgoland  2 Mar 1941  Lorient  Patrol 3,23 days
4. U-73 25 Mar 1941  Lorient  24 Apr 1941  St. Nazaire  Patrol 4,31 days
5. U-73 20 May 1941  St. Nazaire  24 Jun 1941  St. Nazaire  Patrol 5,36 days
6. U-73 29 Jul 1941  St. Nazaire  2 Aug 1941  St. Nazaire   5 days
7. U-73 7 Aug 1941  St. Nazaire  7 Sep 1941  St. Nazaire  Patrol 6,32 days
8. U-73 11 Oct 1941  St. Nazaire  11 Nov 1941  St. Nazaire  Patrol 7,32 days
9. U-73 4 Jan 1942  St. Nazaire  12 Feb 1942  La Spezia  Patrol 8,40 days
10. U-73 16 Mar 1942  La Spezia  26 Mar 1942  La Spezia  Patrol 9,11 days
11. U-73 4 Aug 1942  La Spezia  5 Sep 1942  La Spezia  Patrol 10,33 days
10 patrols, 265 days at sea

Ships hit by Helmut Rosenbaum

Date U-boat Commander Name of ship Tons Nat. Convoy
24 Feb 1941U-73Helmut Rosenbaum Waynegate4,260brOB-288
3 Apr 1941U-73Helmut Rosenbaum Alderpool4,313brSC-26
3 Apr 1941U-73Helmut Rosenbaum Westpool5,724brSC-26
3 Apr 1941U-73Helmut Rosenbaum Indier5,409beSC-26
3 Apr 1941U-73Helmut Rosenbaum British Viscount6,895brSC-26
20 Apr 1941U-73Helmut Rosenbaum Empire Endurance8,570br
20 Apr 1941U-73Helmut Rosenbaum HMS ML-1003 [Trans.]46br
20 Apr 1941U-73Helmut Rosenbaum HMS ML-1037 [Trans.]46br
 
11 Aug 1942U-73Helmut Rosenbaum HMS Eagle (94)22,600brWS-21S
 57,863

9 ships sunk (57,863 tons).

Legend
We have a picture of this vessel.
[Trans.] indicates the vessel was lost while being transported on another vessel.


About ranks and decorations
Ranks shown in italics are our database inserts based on the rank dates of his crew comrades. The officers of each crew would normally have progressed through the lower ranks at the same rate.

Media links


U-Boat Attack Logs

Daniel Morgan and Bruce Taylor


German U-boat Commanders of World War II

Busch, Rainer and Röll, Hans-Joachim

Listing of all U-boat commanders