Edward Francis Balston DSO, RN

Born  17 Feb 1911


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Ranks

1 May 1931 A/S.Lt.
1 Sep 1931 S.Lt.
1 Feb 1933 Lt.
1 Feb 1941 Lt.Cdr.
31 Dec 1943 Cdr.

Retired: 8 Apr 1955


Decorations

12 Nov 1940 DSO
1 Jan 1944 Mentioned in Despatches (MID)

Warship Commands listed for Edward Francis Balston, RN


ShipRankTypeFromTo
HMS H 49 (N 49)Lt.Submarine2 Aug 193924 Nov 1939
HMS H 34 (N 34)Lt.Submarine29 Nov 193926 Apr 1940
HMS Tribune (N 76)Lt.Submarine8 May 19402 Jan 1941
HMS Truant (N 68)Lt.Cdr.Submarine19 Mar 194224 Apr 1942
HMS Trusty (N 45)Lt.Cdr.SubmarineMay 4210 Oct 1943
HMS Trump (P 333)Cdr.Submarine6 May 194416 Apr 1945

Career information

We currently have no career / biographical information on this officer.

Events related to this officer

Submarine HMS H 49 (N 49)


1 Sep 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland. (1)

9 Sep 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland. (1)

10 Sep 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
During 10/11 September 1939, HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN), participated in exercises off Portland. These included night exercises. (1)

16 Sep 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland. (1)

17 Sep 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland. (1)

18 Sep 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland. (1)

20 Sep 1939
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland. (1)

22 Sep 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
During 22/23 September 1939, HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN), participated in exercises off Portland. These included night exercises. (1)

26 Sep 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland. (1)

28 Sep 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland. (1)

29 Sep 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland. (1)

3 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) shifted from Portland to Portsmouth. (2)

4 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted exercises off Portsmouth. (2)

5 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted exercises off Portsmouth. (2)

6 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted exercises off Portsmouth. (2)

10 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted exercises off Portsmouth. (2)

11 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted exercises off Portsmouth. (2)

12 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) shifted from Portsmouth to Portland. (2)

13 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Portland with HMS Spaniard (Lt.Cdr. F.J. Webster, RNR). (2)

14 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Portland with HMS Spaniard (Lt.Cdr. F.J. Webster, RNR). (2)

16 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland. (2)

17 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland. (2)

18 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland. (2)

19 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Portland with HMS Greenfly (Cdr.(Retd.) D.A. Stride, RN). (2)

20 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Portland with HMS Kandahar (Cdr. W.G.A. Robson, RN). (2)

24 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland. (2)

25 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland. (2)

26 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland. (2)

1 Nov 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland. (3)

2 Nov 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland. (3)

3 Nov 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Portland with HMS Kashmir (Cdr. H.A. King, RN). (3)

5 Nov 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) departed Portland for Sheerness. (3)

6 Nov 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) arrived at Sheerness Roads. (3)

7 Nov 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 49 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) proceeded to the Sheerness Dockyard where she was taken in hand for refit. (3)


Submarine HMS H 34 (N 34)


29 Nov 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
Lt. E.F. Balston took over command of HMS H 34 from her temporary commander Lt. Keith-Roach which resumed to his former role as first lieutenant. (4)

6 Dec 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted independent exercises at Scapa Flow. (5)

10 Dec 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted A/S exercises at Scapa Flow with HMS Isis (Cdr. J.C. Clouston, RN). (5)

13 Dec 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted A/S exercises at Scapa Flow with local defence forces. (5)

14 Dec 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted A/S exercises at Scapa Flow with local defence forces. (5)

19 Dec 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) departed Scapa Flow for special trials in the Pentland Firth with HMS Encounter (Lt.Cdr. E.V.St J. Morgan, RN). (5)

21 Dec 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) and HMS Encounter (Lt.Cdr. E.V.St J. Morgan, RN) returned to Scapa Flow. They departed again to continue the trials later the same day. When the trials were completed they proceeded to Dundee. (5)

23 Dec 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) arrived at Dundee. (5)

27 Dec 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted special trials off Dundee. (5)

28 Dec 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted special trials off Dundee. (5)

29 Dec 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted special trials off Dundee. (5)

30 Dec 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted special trials off Dundee. (5)

4 Jan 1940
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) shifted from Dundee to Rosyth. (6)

24 Jan 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted exercises off Rosyth. (6)

25 Jan 1940
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Rosyth with HMS Vega (Cdr. C.I Horton, RN) and HMS Grimsby (Cdr. K.J. D'Arcy, RN). Upon completion of these exercises HMS H 34 proceeded to Portsmouth together with HMS Ursula (Cdr. G.C. Phillips, DSO, RN) and ORP Wilk (Lt. B. Krawczyk). They were ordered to return to Rothesay the next day due to enemy submarines operation of the east coast of the U.K. (6)

1 Feb 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) departed Rosyth for Blyth together with HMS Ursula (Cdr. G.C. Phillips, DSO, RN). They were escorted by HMS Encounter (Lt.Cdr. E.V.St J. Morgan, RN). (7)

2 Feb 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 34 arrived at Blyth. HMS H 34 departed Blyth for Portsmouth later the same day together with HMS Unity (Lt. J.F.B. Brown, RN). They joined convoy FS 85 for passage towards the Nore. (7)

4 Feb 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) anchored off the Nore. (7)

7 Feb 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) and HMS Unity (Lt. J.F.B. Brown, RN) depated the Nore for Portsmouth. They were escorted by HMS Puffin (Lt.Cdr. Hon. J.M.G. Waldegrave, RN). (7)

8 Feb 1940
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) arrived at Portsmouth. (7)

12 Feb 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) is docked at Portsmouth. (7)

27 Feb 1940
HMS H 34 (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) is undocked.

[No logs are available for HMS H 34 for the period of March - May 1940. No details of her operations are therefore known to us. H 34 was at Portsmouth the entire time being assigned to special trials and the training of new submarine crews.] (7)


Submarine HMS Tribune (N 76)


10 May 1940
Upon completion of the repairs to her engine clutches HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) departed from her builders yard at Greenock for trials in the Clyde area. (8)

12 May 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) departed from Greenock for her 4th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the North Sea, in position 57°25'N, 05°30'E (north of the German Mine Declared Area). Only Danish fishing vessels were encountered.

For the daily positions of HMS Tribune during this patrol see the map below.


HMS Tribune 4th war patrolclick here for bigger map (9)

28 May 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) ended her 4th war patrol at Rosyth. (9)

10 Jun 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) departed from Rosyth for her 5th war patrol at Rosyth. She was ordered to patrol off the West coast of Norway.

For the daily and attack positions of HMS Tribune during this patrol see the map below.


HMS Tribune 5th war patrolclick here for bigger map (9)

20 Jun 1940 (position 62.15, 3.37)
At 0015 hours HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN), while near position 62°15'N, 03°47'E, stops and boards the Norwegian fishing vessel Hilding (of Malloy No.SF42SV, about 15 to 20 tons). The Hilding is released upon examination. (9)

22 Jun 1940 (position 61.44, 4.29)
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) makes a torpedo attack on the German armed merchant cruiser Schiff 33 / Pinguin off Standlandet, Norway. All torpedoes fired missed their target.

(All times are zone -1)
0136 hours - Dived on sighting a ship, position 61°44'N, 04°29'E. The ship was later seen to be a merchant ship of about 7000 to 8000 tons.

0203 hours - Fired four torpedoes, no hits were obtained.

0208 hours - Surfaced to chase and attack with the deck gun but the contact was soon lost in a rain squall. The chase was abandoned after almost half an hour. (9)

25 Jun 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) ended her 5th war patrol at Rosyth. (9)

4 Jul 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) departed from Rosyth for her 6th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the West coast of Norway near Bergen.

For the daily positions of HMS Tribune during this patrol see the map below.


HMS Tribune 6th war patrolclick here for bigger map (9)

10 Jul 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) ended her 6th war patrol at Rosyth. (9)

27 Jul 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) departed from Rosyth for her 7th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the South coast of Norway. An uneventful patrol.

For the daily positions of HMS Tribune during this patrol see the map below.


HMS Tribune 7th war patrolclick here for bigger map (9)

5 Aug 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) ended her 7th war patrol at Rosyth. (9)

8 Aug 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) is docked in a floating drydock at Rosyth. (10)

10 Aug 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) is undocked. (10)

23 Aug 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) departed from Rosyth for Scapa escorted by HMS White Bear (Capt. R. Gill, RNR), arriving on 24 August and sails from there the next day for her 8th patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the North Atlantic to the North-West of the Hebrides.

For the daily and attack positions of HMS Tribune during this patrol see the map below.


HMS Tribune 8th war patrolclick here for bigger map (9)

6 Sep 1940 (position 57.58, -8.14)
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) attacks what was thought to be an enemy submarine about 15 nautical miles north-east of St. Kilda, Hebrides in position 57°58'N, 08°14'W. Two torpedoes were fired but these missed their target. The target was possibly fired against German U-boat U-56 as this was the only submarine passing through that general area on that day. The Germans however reported no attack.

(All times are zone -1)
0600 hours - Heard loud HE bearing red 150°. bearing drew rapidly ahead.

0602 hours - Contact was now ahead, range about 1400 yards. Nothing could be sighted through the periscope however. The target crossed ahead and Tribune altered course. Asdic was still in contact.

0633 hours - While Tribune was stopped at greater depth Asdic reported that it looked like that three torpedoes were fired.

0637 hours - Tribune came to 60 feet. The target was right ahead at a range of about 1000 yards.

0638 hours - The target crossed the bow at a range of about 700 yards.

0640 hours - Fired two torpedoes from a depth of 70 feet. The torpedoes were set to 44 and 38 feet. 25 Seconds after firing the first torpedo there was a violent explosion and the HE immediately ceased. The second torpedo was heard to detonate after 8 minutes at the end of its running range. Came to periscope depth but found nothing in sight.

0655 hours - Surfaced to collect evidence. Oil was seen to float on the surface and it was also though that some clothing was seen. This was not seen again after Tribune had turned.

(9)

7 Sep 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) ended her 8th war patrol at Rothesay. She, and HMS Trident (Lt.Cdr. G.M. Sladen, RN), were escorted in by HMS White Bear (Capt. R. Gill, RNR) (9)

16 Sep 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) departed from Holy Loch for her 9th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Bay of Biscay.

Passage south through the Irish Sea was made together with HMS Cachalot (Lt.Cdr. J.D. Luce, RN) and HMS Utmost (Lt. J.H. Eaden, DSC, RN). They were escorted by HMS Cutty Sark (Cdr.(Retd.) R.H. Mack, RN).

For the daily and attack positions of HMS Tribune during this patrol see the map below.


HMS Tribune 9th war patrolclick here for bigger map (9)

20 Sep 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) arrived at Falmouth to repair a defect. (9)

22 Sep 1940
After repairs HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) departed from Falmouth for her patrol area. (9)

26 Sep 1940 (position 47.32, -3.38)
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) attacks German U-boat U-138 with 5 torpedoes about 10 nautical miles South-West of Ile de Groix in position 47°32'N, 03°38'W. All torpedoes fired missed their target. Tribune was depth charged after this attack but managed to escape.

(All times are zone -1)
1035 hours - Sighted a type 7 U-boat bearing 040°. Range was 3500 yards. The course of the U-boat was 310°. Started attack.

The U-boat turned away and when the attack was set up she was stern on. A second U-boat was now sighted bearing 110°, range 3000 yards, course 350°. Turned to attack this U-boat.

1047 hours - In position 47°32'N, 03°38'W fired five torpedoes from 2700 yards. It was intended to fire six torpedoes but tube no.5 misfired. All torpedoes missed. Four end of run detonations were heard between 8 and 10 minutes after firing. These U-boats were making rendez-vouz with A/S trawlers to enter Lorient. Two of these trawlers closed and started dropping depth charges but these were not close.

1200 hours - The trawlers were seen to close at high speed and dropped two depth charges fairly close. Both trawlers left the area shortly afterwards.

According to German sources the U-boats were U-47 and the above mentioned U-138. It was the last one that was fired upon by Tribune. They were making rendez-vouz with the auxiliary submarine chasers UJ-122, UJ-128 and UJ-E. The KTB of U-138 mentions that one of the torpedoes ran under and another one missed just ahead. (9)

2 Oct 1940
At 0700 hours, HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN), made rendes-vous with HMS Tuna (Lt.Cdr. M.K. Cavenagh-Mainwaring, RN) and their escort towards Holy Loch, HMS Cutty Sark (Cdr.(Retd.) R.H. Mack, RN). (11)

3 Oct 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) ended her 9th war patrol at Holy Loch. Tribune returned from patrol with engine problems. (9)

7 Oct 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) arrived at Ardrossan for a short refit. (12)

22 Oct 1940
Upon completion of her short refit HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) departed from Ardrossan for Holy Loch where she arrived later the same day. (11)

29 Oct 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) departed from Holy Loch for a trial run in the Irish Sea. (11)

31 Oct 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) suffers a fire in port main motor. She turns back and arrived at Holy Loch later the same day. (11)

11 Nov 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) arrived at Glasgow for a battery refit at Barclay Curle. (12)

26 Nov 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) ended her battery refit at Glasgow and returns to Holy Loch. (13)

3 Dec 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Holy Loch for her 10th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Bay of Biscay.

Passage south through the Irish Sea was made together with HMS Thunderbolt (Lt. C.B. Crouch, RN) and HMS Cachalot (Lt.Cdr. J.D. Luce, DSO, RN). They were escorted by HMS Cutty Sark (Cdr.(Retd.) R.H. Mack, RN) until 0630/6.

For the daily and attack positions of HMS Tribune during this patrol see the map below.


HMS Tribune 10th war patrolclick here for bigger map (9)

16 Dec 1940 (position 46.46, -2.38)
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) attacked the German tanker Karibisches Meer (6973 GRT, built 1917) escorted by the patrol boats V 406 and V 411 and the minesweeper M 13 in the Bay of Biscay east of Ile de Yeu, France in position 46°46'N, 02°38'W. All torpedoes fired missed their target.

(All times are zone -1)
1015 hours - Sighted aircraft to the Northward.

1110 hours - Sighted smoke bearing 330°. Shortly afterwards sighted a dazzle-painted tanker with a trawler ahead and one astern. They were steering 140°. Closed to attack.

1121 hours - Fired six torpedoes from the internal bow tubes. Range was 4500 yards. No.1 tube misfired but was fired as the last torpedo of the salvo instead. All torpedoes were heard to run. After the attack the aircraft was quite close and the trawlers were closing at speed so Tribune went deep. About 30 depth charges were dropped in half an hour but Tribune manages to slip away. (9)

19 Dec 1940 (position 47.02, -4.14)
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) attacked a German merchant of 4000 to 5000 tons in the Bay of Biscay west-south-west of Belle Ile, France in position 47°02'N, 04°14'W.

(All times are zone -1)
0953 hours - Heard HE.

0940 hours - Sighted a Mowe-class torpedo boat bearing 270°. Started attack.

0945 hours - Sighted a merchant vessel of 4000 to 5000 tons. She was dazzle-painted. Bearing 270°, course 080°. Broke off attack on the torpedo boat and shifted to this ship. The attack was very difficult due to the effective camouflage.

1012 hours - Fired six torpedoes from the internal bow tubes from 7500 yards. One explosion followed 35 seconds after firing. This explosion put the Asdic out of order. Two more explosions followed after about 7 and 8 minutes. Tribune went deep upon firing. The torpedo boat did not counter-attack. (9)

20 Dec 1940
At 1956 hours, as HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) surfaced, a torpedo left unexpectedly from no. 7 torpedo tube and hit the bottom, the resulting explosion damaged no. 8 torpedo which had also to be discharged. (9)

22 Dec 1940
At 0900 hours, HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN), made rendez-vous with her escort towards Holy Loch, HMS Victrix (T/Lt. R.R. Taylor, RNR). (14)

24 Dec 1940
HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) ended her 10th war patrol at Holy Loch. (9)


Submarine HMS Truant (N 68)


22 Mar 1942
HMS Truant (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) carries out exercises off Colombo together with HMS Express (Lt.Cdr. F.J. Cartwright, RN), HMS Shoreham (Cdr. G.P. Claridge, RN) and HMS Aster (Lt. W.L. Smith, RNR). (15)

23 Mar 1942
HMS Truant (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Colombo for her 23th war patrol (2nd in the Far East). She was ordered to patrol in the Malacca Straits.

For the daily and attack positions of HMS Truant during this patrol see the map below.


HMS Truant 23th war patrol click here for bigger map (16)

1 Apr 1942 (position 5.42, 98.57)
HMS Truant (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) torpedoed and sank the Japanese merchant cargo ships Yae Maru (6780 GRT, built 1919) and Shunsei Maru (4939 GRT, built 1911) in the Malacca Strait about 80 nautical miles west-north-west of Penang, Malaya in position 05°42'N, 98°57'E.

(All times are zone -6)
1940 hours - Sighted three ships bearing 285°, steering South-East. Dived and started attack.

2013 hours - Fired six torpedoes at one of the merchant ships from 2700 yards. It was intended to fire three at this ship and then three at the other leading ship. A failure in drill resulted in the firing of all six torpedoes of the salvo at only one of the ships. One hit was obtained. The target immediately took a heavy list to port and began to settle to the stern. The third ship altered course towards and Truant went deep to evade.

Upon returning to periscope depth it was found the torpedoed ship was still afloat and that the other two were steering erratic courses in her vicinity. Another opportunity for attack was awaited. Eventually one of the other two ships went alongside the damaged one.

2113 hours - Fired 2 torpedoes from 5400 yards. One of them was heard to hit Truants main ballast tank after firing. The other torpedo hit the stern of the second ship, which sank after only a few minutes. The first ship sank four minutes later.

2127 hours - Surfaced and set off in pursuit of the third ship that had left the scene steering North-East. The chase was abandoned within the hour. (16)

12 Apr 1942
HMS Truant (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) ended her 23th war patrol (2nd in the Far East) at Colombo. (16)


Submarine HMS Trusty (N 45)


28 May 1942
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Colombo for her 6th war patrol (3rd in the Far East). She was ordered to patrol in the Northern entrance to the Malacca Straits.

No log is available for this period and the patrol report don't mentions positions so no map can be displayed. (16)

4 Jun 1942 (position 7.14, 98.06)
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) torpedoed and sank the Japanese merchant cargo ship Toyohashi Maru (7031 GRT, built 1915) in the Malacca Strait in position 07°14'N, 98°06'E.

(All times are zone -6)
2300 hours (3 June) - In position 10 nautical miles bearing 230 Pulo Raja, HMS Trusty sighted smoke from 2 ships bearing 020°. 2315 hours (3 June) - dived to attack.

0030 hours - Fired four torpedoes at the leading ship. Two hits were obtained and the target was seen to settle on an even keel slightly down by the head. The second ship, half a mile astern of the first ship, made a 180 degree turn before it could be attacked and fled the area zig-zagging wildly.

0054 hours - The first ship sank as a result of the two torpedo hits. Trusty surfaced four minutes later and attempted to get ahead of the second ship which was in sight about 4 nautical miles to the northward.

0200 hours - Another ship was sighted and Lt. Balston broke of the chase to close this ship.

0207 hours - Dived to attack.

0246 hours - Surfaced to attack with the deck gun. 6 rounds were fired before the enemy returned the fire. Also another ship not sighted before opening fire. Lt.Cdr. Balston broke of the attack.

According to combinedfleet.com (offsite link) the Toyohashi Maru was in an unescorted convoy with Celebes Maru (5857 GRT, built 1917), England Maru (5865 GRT, built 1919) and Kyokusei Maru (5704 GRT, built 1920). This last one picked up the survivors from Toyohashi Maru. (16)

9 Jun 1942 (position 7.48, 98.09)
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) makes a torpedo attack on a Japanese merchant vessel West of Phuket. Two torpedoes were fired but both missed their target.

(All times are zone -6.5)
1700 hours - While in position 07°48'N, 98°09'E sighted smoke between Pulau Raja and the mainland. This was later seen to be a merchant ship of about 3000 tons that was Northbound. Started attack.

1811 hours - Fired 2 torpedoes. Both missed, no detonations were heard.

1821 hours - The target was no longer visible through the periscope so surfaced. Trusty was however sighted by the merchant vessel and it opened fire so Trusty dived again. (16)

17 Jun 1942
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) ended her 6th war patrol (3rd in the Far East) at Colombo. (16)

11 Jul 1942
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Colombo for her 7th war patrol (4th in the Far East). She was ordered to patrol off the West coast of Siam.

No log is available for this period and the patrol report don't mentions positions so no map can be displayed. (16)

30 Jul 1942
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) ended her 7th war patrol (4th in the Far East) at Colombo. (16)

17 Aug 1942
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Colombo for her 8th war patrol (5th in the Far East). She was ordered to patrol in the Malacca Straits.

For the daily positions of HMS Trusty during this patrol see the map below.


View HMS Trusty 8th war patrol click here for bigger map (16)

5 Sep 1942
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) ended her 8th war patrol (5th in the Far East) at Colombo. (16)

23 Sep 1942
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Colombo for her 9th war patrol (6th in the Far East). She was ordered to patrol in the Malacca Straits.

For the daily and attack positions of HMS Trusty during this patrol see the map below.


View HMS Trusty 9th war patrol click here for bigger map (16)

7 Oct 1942
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) sights a Japanese submarine North of Sumatra. Trusty is however unable to attack.

(All times zone -6.5)
0855 hours - While in position 300° Pulau Rondo 8 nautical miles sighted the conning tower of a submarine bearing 210°, range 2000 yards. Enemy course was 060°. Turned to attack but Trusty was in a unfavourable position and she eventually ended up right astern. Due to the bad weather the enemy was not sighted earlier. HE was not reported until the target had been sighted.

The attack was reluctantly broken off. The enemy submarine was identified as Japanese I-165 class. This was most likely quite correct as the Japanese submarine I-165 (offsite link) returned to Penang from patrol in the Indian Ocean on 9 October. (16)

12 Oct 1942
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) ended her 9th war patrol (6th in the Far East) at Colombo. (16)

18 Oct 1942
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) is docked at Colombo. (17)

27 Oct 1942
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) is undocked. (17)

6 Nov 1942
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Colombo for her 10th war patrol (7th in the Far East). She was ordered to patrol in the Malacca Straits.

For the daily and attack positions of HMS Trusty during this patrol see the map below.


View HMS Trusty 10th war patrol click here for bigger map (16)

18 Nov 1942 (position 6.18, 99.11)
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) torpedoed and damaged the Japanese troop transport Columbia Maru (5617 GRT, built 1927) near Penang, Malaya in position 06°18'N, 99°11'E.

(all times are zone -6.5)
0128 hours - In position 06°04'N, 99°32'E sighted, against a low moon, two Northbound ships bearing 240°. Range was 6 to 7 nautical miles. Altered course to close.

0336 hours - Now in position 06°18'N, 99°11'E range was now 1 nautical mile. Started attack.

0341 hours - Fired three torpedoes at the leading ship from about 1000 yards. It appeared that the first two torpedoes passed ahead and the third passed astern.

As it appeared the attack was not observed Trusty turned away to set up a second attack.

It was now seen that the second ship was by far the larger of the two and that it was heavily laden. The first ship was high in the water and was most likely in ballast.

0420 hours - Fired two torpedoes at the leading ship. The second of these appeared to run directly underneath the funnel.

0424 hours - Fired three torpedoes from 670 yards at the second ship and obtained one hit just forward of the bridge. (16)

24 Nov 1942
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) ended her 10th war patrol (7th in the Far East) at Colombo. (16)

27 Nov 1942
While moored at Colombo a merchant vessel rammed the stern of HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN). (18)

28 Nov 1942
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) is docked for repairs. (18)

9 Dec 1942
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) is undocked. (19)

4 Jan 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Colombo for Exmouth Gulf, Australia.

No log is available for this period so no map can be displayed. (16)

17 Jan 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Exmouth Gulf. (16)

20 Jan 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Exmouth Gulf for her 11th war patrol (8th in the Far East). A special operation has to be carried out off the South coast of French Indo-China (operation 'Alight', no details available as of yet).

No log is available for this period and the patrol report don't mentions positions so no map can be displayed. (16)

4 Feb 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) carries out special operation 'Alight' (no details on this operation have so far been found). (16)

11 Feb 1943 (position -5.33, 112.28)
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) claims the sinking of a 4000 tons merchant vessel in the Java Sea about 25 nautical miles North-North-West of Bawean Island in position 05°33'S, 112°28'E.

(All times are zone -8)
0253 hours - In position 05°26'S, 112°29'E sighted a merchant ship of about 4000 tons bearing 080°, range 5 nautical miles. Enemy course was 190°, speed 8 knots. Started attack.

0310 hours - At the moment of firing the first torpedo of the salvo the target was seen to turn towards and the remainder of the torpedo salvo was withheld. The merchant ship opened fire and Trusty dived. Position was 05°38'S, 112°23'E. Range was only 600 yards.

0325 hours - Surfaced to chase the enemy. The target was making off to the South-West zig-zagging on a course between 220° and 270°.

0439 hours - In position 05°33'S, 112°28'E fired four torpedoes from 2000 yards. One explosion was heard 70 seconds after firing the first torpedo. The target settled quickly by the stern and was seen to sink in about 8 minutes. (16)

16 Feb 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) ended her 11th war patrol (8th in the Far East) at Exmouth Gulf. (16)

17 Feb 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Exmouth Gulf for Colombo.

No log is available for this period so no map can be displayed. (16)

27 Feb 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Colombo. (16)

5 Apr 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Colombo for the U.K. where she is to refit. The first leg of the trip is to Diego Saurez.

For the daily positions of HMS Trusty during the passage to the U.K. see the map below.


View HMS Trusty passage Colombo - Holy Lochclick here for bigger map (16)

14 Apr 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Diego Saurez. (16)

15 Apr 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Diego Saurez for Durban. (16)

20 Apr 1943 (position -27.42, 40.10)
At 1200 hours (zone -4), HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN), makes rendez-vouz in position 27°42'S, 40°10'E with HMS Jasmine (Lt.Cdr. (retired) C.D.B. Coventry, RNR) that is to escort her to Durban. (16)

22 Apr 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Durban. (16)

26 Apr 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Durban for Simonstown. She is escorted by HMS Fritillary (Lt.Cdr. W.H. Barker, RD, RNR). En-route exercises are carried out with the escort vessel and SAAF aircraft. During the night of 27/28 April the two ships lost contact. Aircraft searched for Trusty but were unable to find her, looks like some more exercises were needed ! (16)

29 Apr 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Simonstown. (16)

5 May 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Simonstown for Lagos Nigeria. She is escorted by Free French corvette HMS Commandant d'Estienne d'Orves. (16)

12 May 1943
At 0200 hours (zone -2) HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN), while in position 09°01'S, 07°02'E, received orders to proceed to Pointe Noire instead of Lagos. (16)

13 May 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Pointe Noire. (16)

14 May 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Pointe Noire for Freetown. (16)

20 May 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Freetown. (16)

28 May 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Freetown for Holy Loch. (16)

6 Jun 1943 (position 35.45, -11.48)
At 1125 hours, in position 35°45'N, 11°48'W (about 300 nautical miles West of Gibraltar), HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) was rammed by the Spanish tanker Campeche (6382 GRT, built 1934). Trusty was at a depth of 49 feet when she was rammed. A report of the situation was signalled and Trusty proceeded towards Gibraltar.

Trusty was proceeding dived by day and proceeded at a depth of 49 feet as it was extremely difficult to keep her at periscope depth at slow speeds. As she came up to periscope depth to receive the 1130 hours radio routines no HE around her was picked up. When she came to periscope depth though she was rammed by the Spanish tanker Campeche. Lt.Cdr. Balston tried to have a look through the periscope but both could not be operated. He decided to surface to inspect the damage. It turned out that considerable damage was done to the conning tower and periscope sheers. Lt.Cdr. Balston decided to proceed to Gibraltar for repairs. (16)

7 Jun 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Gibraltar. (16)

16 Jun 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Gibraltar for Holy Loch. (16)

25 Jun 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) is met off Bishop Rock by the armed yacht HMS Cutty Sark (Cdr.(retired) R.H. Mack, RN). She is escorted by HMS Cutty Sark towards Holy Loch. (16)

26 Jun 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Holy Loch. (16)

30 Jun 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Holy Loch for Blyth. Passage north through the Minches was made together with FFS Curie (Lt. P.M. Sonneville). Escort was provided by HMS Scimitar (Lt.Cdr. C.G. Cuthbertson, DSC, RNR). They were joined at 2000/30 by the Dutch submarine HrMs K XV Lt.Cdr. Baron C.W.T. van Boetzelaer, RNN).

At 1900/1, HMS Loch Monteith (T/Lt. K.W. Richardson, RNR) and HNoMS Ula (Lt. R.M. Sars) joined and Scimitar and Curie left.

at 1200/2, Loch Monteith, Ula and K XV went to Dundee and HMS ML 254 (T/Lt. W.M. Russell, RNVR) took over the escort of Trusty for the remaining passage towards Blyth. (16)

2 Jul 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Blyth. (16)

9 Jul 1943
HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Blyth for Wallsend. She is to refit at the Swan Hunter shipyards. (16)


Submarine HMS Trump (P 333)


5 Jul 1944
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) departed from her builders yard at Barrow-in-Furness for Holy Loch. She was escorted by HMS Cutty Sark (Cdr. (retired) R.H. Mack, RN). (20)

6 Jul 1944
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) performs trials at Gare Loch. (20)

7 Jul 1944
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) performs trials at Inchmarnock. (20)

8 Jul 1944
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) performs a full speed trial on the measured mile at Bute Sound. After this trial Trump is commissioned by Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN. A period of more trials and training on the Scottish west coast and Northern Ireland follows. This period last to mid-September 1944. (20)

14 Sep 1944 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) is docked at Holy Loch. (21)

15 Sep 1944 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) is undocked. (21)

18 Sep 1944 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) departed Rothesay for Lerwick. Passage north though the Minches was made together with HMS Thrasher (Lt.Cdr. M.F.R. Ainslie, DSO, DSC, RN), HMS Truculent (Lt.Cdr. R.L. Alexander, DSO, DSC, RN) and HNoMS Utsira (Lt. S. Valvatne). The submarines were escorted by HMS Shikari (Lt. E.H.U. Cautley, RNVR). (21)

21 Sep 1944
At 0744 hours (time zone -1), HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN), arrived at Lerwick. She departed from Lerwick at 1615 hours for her 1st war patrol (work-up patrol). She is to patrol in the North Sea.


HMS Trump 1st war patrol (work-up patrol) daily positionsclick here for bigger map (22)

29 Sep 1944 (position 0.00, 0.00)
At 1620 hours (zone -1), HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN), arrived at a rendez-vous near Scapa Flow where HMS Thrasher (Lt.Cdr. M.F.R. Ainslie, DSO, DSC, RN) and their escort HMS Cutty Sark (Lt. H.J. Bartlett, DSC, RN) were already waiting for her. (22)

30 Sep 1944
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Tobermory after her work-up patrol. She proceeded to Holy Loch and then to her builders yard at Barrow-in-Furness. Afterwards she proceeded to Portsmouth. (22)

1 Oct 1944 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) shifted from Tobermory to Holy Loch. (23)

3 Oct 1944 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) departed Holy Loch for Barrow-in-Furness. (23)

4 Oct 1944 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Barrow-in-Furness for repairs. (23)

5 Oct 1944 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) is docked at Barrow-in-Furness. (23)

6 Oct 1944 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) is undocked. (23)

18 Oct 1944 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) departed Barrow for Portsmouth. She was escorted by HMS Geranium (T/Lt. G. Wallace, RNR). (23)

20 Oct 1944 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Portsmouth. (23)

28 Nov 1944 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) is docked at Portsmouth. (24)

20 Dec 1944 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) is undocked. (25)

13 Jan 1945
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Portland for Gibraltar. Final destination is Trincomalee. Passage was made in convoy OS 104 / KMS 78 together with HMS Tiptoe (Lt.Cdr. P.R.H. Harrison, DSO, DSC and Bar, RN) and HMS Sleuth (Lt. K.H. Martin, RN).

For Trumps daily positions during the passage to Trincomalee see the map below.


HMS Trump passage Portland - Trincomaleeclick here for bigger map (26)

19 Jan 1945
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Gibraltar. (26)

23 Jan 1945
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Gibraltar for Malta. (26)

27 Jan 1945
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Malta. (26)

2 Feb 1945
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Malta for Port Said. (27)

8 Feb 1945
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Port Said. (27)

10 Feb 1945
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Port Said for Ismalia. (27)

11 Feb 1945
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Ismalia for Aden. (27)

16 Feb 1945
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Aden. (27)

18 Feb 1945
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Aden for Trincomalee. (27)

1 Mar 1945
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) arrived at Trincomalee (28)

11 Mar 1945 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) conducted noise trials off Trincomalee. (28)

13 Mar 1945
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Trincomalee at 1400 hours (time zone -6.5) for her 2nd war patrol (1st in Far Eastern waters). She is to patrol along the western Siamese coast. Afterwards she is to proceed to Fremantle, Australia.

For HMS Trumps daily (1200 hours) positions during this patrol see the map below


HMS Trump 2nd war patrol daily positionsclick here for bigger map (22)

18 Mar 1945
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) arrived in her patrol area off the Mergui Archipelago. (22)

27 Mar 1945
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) leaves her patrol area for air/sea rescue duties. She sets course for Australia on the 29th. (22)

30 Mar 1945 (position 11.30, 94.30)
At 1109 hours (time zone -6.5) HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) is attacked with two bombs by a Japanese Jake-aircraft in position 11°30'N, 94°30'E. Trump crash dived. Only some minor damage was caused as well as a few broken lights. (22)

13 Apr 1945
HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) ended her 2nd war patrol at 1025 hours (time zone -6.5 / 1155 hours zone -8) when she secured alongside HMS Adamant at Fremantle, Australia. The patrol was uneventful. (22)

Sources

  1. ADM 173/15745
  2. ADM 173/15746
  3. ADM 173/15747
  4. ADM 173/15719
  5. ADM 173/15720
  6. ADM 173/16301
  7. ADM 173/16302
  8. ADM 173/16622
  9. ADM 199/1847
  10. ADM 173/16625
  11. ADM 173/16627
  12. ADM 199/2572
  13. ADM 173/16628
  14. ADM 173/16629
  15. ADM 173/17660
  16. ADM 199/1861
  17. ADM 173/17672
  18. ADM 173/17673
  19. ADM 173/17674
  20. ADM 173/19115
  21. ADM 173/19117
  22. ADM 199/1868
  23. ADM 173/19118
  24. ADM 173/19119
  25. ADM 173/19120
  26. ADM 173/20017
  27. ADM 173/20018
  28. ADM 173/20019

ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.


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