St. John Reginald Joseph Tyrwhitt DSC, RN

Born  18 Apr 1905
Died  10 Oct 1961(56)


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Ranks

15 Sep 1925 A/S.Lt.
15 Jun 1926 S.Lt.
15 Mar 1928 Lt.
15 Mar 1936 Lt.Cdr.
30 Jun 1940 Cdr.
31 Dec 1945 Capt.
7 Jul 1955 Rear-Admiral
3 Nov 1958 Vice-Admiral

Decorations

1 Jan 1942 DSC

Warship Commands listed for St. John Reginald Joseph Tyrwhitt, RN


ShipRankTypeFromTo
HMS Defender (H 07)Lt.Cdr.Destroyer1 Apr 193931 Oct 1940
HMS Juno (F 46)Cdr.Destroyer31 Oct 194021 May 1941
HMS Tartar (F 43)Cdr.Destroyer5 Jun 194215 Mar 1944

Career information

We currently have no career / biographical information on this officer.

Events related to this officer

Destroyer HMS Defender (H 07)


24 Sep 1939
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) is docked at Alexandria. (1)

25 Sep 1939
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) is undocked. (1)

23 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) conducted exercises off Alexandria. HMS Amber (Boatswain H.W. Clark, RN) who was on patrol off Alexandria obtained an A/S contact and attacked it with depth charges. HMS Defender was ordered to investigate. She too then obtained an A/S contact and twice attacked with depth charges. Oil was brought to the surface. (2)

24 Oct 1939
HMS Warspite (Capt. V.A.C. Crutchley, VC, DSC, RN), HMS Arethusa (Capt. Q.D. Graham, RN), HMS Penelope (Capt. G.D. Yates, RN), HMS Dainty (Cdr. F.M. Walton, RN), HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) and HMS Diana (Lt.Cdr. E.G. Le Geyt, RN) conducted gunnery exercises off Alexandria. HMS Warspite and the destroyers returned to harbour in the evening. (2)

26 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) conducted diving operations in the area she had obtained an A/S contact on the 23rd. A sunken merchant vessel was found to have been the A/S contact, no submarine wreck was found. (2)

27 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Ramillies (Capt. H.T. Baillie-Grohman, OBE, DSO, RN), HMS Penelope (Capt. G.D. Yates, RN), HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) and HMS Diana (Lt.Cdr. E.G. Le Geyt, RN) conducted exercises off Alexandria.

28 Oct 1939
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) departed Alexandria to patrol off Cape Malea, Greece. (3)

31 Oct 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) departed her patrol area off Cape Malea, Greece to make rendez-vous the next day at sea with HMS Maidstone (Capt. P. Ruck-Keene, RN) and HMS Aberdeen (Cdr. H.P. Currey, RN) which were on passage from Alexandria to Malta. (3)

3 Nov 1939
HMS Maidstone (Capt. P. Ruck-Keene, RN), HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) and HMS Aberdeen (Cdr. H.P. Currey, RN) arrived at Malta. (4)

5 Nov 1939
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) departed Malta to patrol in the Otranto Strait. (4)

8 Nov 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) departed her patrol area for Alexandria. (4)

10 Nov 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) arrived at Alexandria. (4)

26 Nov 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) departed her patrol area for Malta. (4)

27 Nov 1939
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) arrived at Malta. (4)

11 Dec 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) departed her patrol area in the Aegean to return to Malta. (5)

14 Dec 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) arrived at Malta. (5)

23 Dec 1939 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) departed her patrol area to return to Malta. (5)

24 Dec 1939
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) arrived at Malta from a patrol off Cape Malea, Greece.

At Malta she underwent a short refit. She was to depart for the South Atlantic in early-mid January 1940 but this was delayed due to machinery problems. (5)

29 Jan 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) arrived at Gibraltar from Malta. Both departed again later the same day to patrol off the Portugese coast. (6)

2 Feb 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) returned to Gibraltar after a patrol off the coast of Portugal. (7)

3 Feb 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) departed Gibraltar for another patrol off the coast of Portugal. (7)

9 Feb 1940
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) returned to Gibraltar after a patrol off the coast of Portugal. She had been ordered on the 4th to stand by the broken down merchant vessel Oregon (6058 GRT, built 1920) which had broken down west of Oporto, Portugal in position 40°57'N, 10°42'W. She parted company with the Oregon, which by that time was in tow of a tug, on the 8th. (7)

13 Feb 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) departed Gibraltar for Freetown.

18 Feb 1940
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) arrived at Freetown. (8)

22 Feb 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN), HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) arrived at Dakar. (7)

27 Feb 1940
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) provided escort for HMS Hermes (Capt. F.E.P. Hutton, RN) during flying exercises off Dakar. (7)

28 Feb 1940
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) provided escort for HMS Hermes (Capt. F.E.P. Hutton, RN) during flying exercises off Dakar. (7)

29 Feb 1940
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Dakar with a French submarine. (7)

5 Mar 1940
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) provided escort for HMS Hermes (Capt. F.E.P. Hutton, RN) during flying exercises off Dakar. (9)

6 Mar 1940
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) provided escort for HMS Hermes (Capt. F.E.P. Hutton, RN) during flying exercises off Dakar. (9)

9 Mar 1940
The French battleship Provence (Capt. G.T.E. Barois), the British aircraft carrier HMS Hermes (Capt. F.E.P. Hutton, RN), the French heavy cruiser Duquesne (Capt. G.E. Besineau) and the British destroyers HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) departed Dakar for a patrol in the mid-Atlantic near the equator. (8)

16 Mar 1940
The French battleship Provence (Capt. G.T.E. Barois), the British aircraft carrier HMS Hermes (Capt. F.E.P. Hutton, RN), the French heavy cruiser Duquesne (Capt. G.E. Besineau) and the British destroyers HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) returned to Dakar. (8)

18 Mar 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Hermes (Capt. F.E.P. Hutton, RN), HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) departed Dakar for Freetown. (8)

20 Mar 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Hermes (Capt. F.E.P. Hutton, RN), HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) arrived at Freetown from Dakar. (8)

22 Mar 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) conducted an A/S patrol off Freetown. (9)

25 Mar 1940
HMS Cumberland (Capt. the Hon. G.H.E. Russell, RN), HMS Cornwall (Capt. C.F. Hammill, RN), HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) departed Freetown for a patrol in the Atlantic during which they were to provide cover for the whale factory ships Salvestria (British, 11938 GRT, built 1913) and Sourabaya (British, 10107 GRT, built 1915) during their passage to Freetown from the South Atlantic. (8)

27 Mar 1940
HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) parted company with HMS Cumberland (Capt. the Hon. G.H.E. Russell, RN) and HMS Cornwall (Capt. C.F. Hammill, RN) and set course to return to Freetown where they arrived later the same day. (8)

2 Apr 1940
HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) conducted exercises off Freetown. (8)

7 Apr 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) arrived at Freetown. (8)

8 Apr 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) is sent out from Freetown to assist in a submarine hunt after two A/S trawlers reported a contact. The contact was later classified as non-sub. (8)

10 Apr 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) departed Freetown to make rendez-vous with the cable ship Mirror (1850 GRT, built 1929) and escort her to Freetown. (10)

12 Apr 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) and the cable ship Mirror (1850 GRT, built 1929) arrived at Freetown. (8)

17 Apr 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) briefly escorted a small outbound convoy in the approaches of Freetown. She returned to Freetown later the same day. (8)

18 Apr 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) departed Freetown for Gibraltar.

Later this day the light cruiser HMS Neptune (Capt. J.A.V. Morse, DSO, RN) also departed Freetown for Gibraltar.

HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) departed Dakar on the 19th to make rendez-vous with the other ships later on the 19th near Dakar after which they were to proceed to Gibraltar in company. (8)

23 Apr 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Neptune (Capt. J.A.V. Morse, DSO, RN), HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) arrived at Gibraltar from Freetown / Dakar. (8)

24 Apr 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
The repair ship HMS Resource (Capt.(Retd.) D.B. O’Connell, RN) departed Gibraltar for Malta. She was escorted by HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN). (10)

27 Apr 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Resource (Capt.(Retd.) D.B. O’Connell, RN), HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) arrived at Malta. (10)

29 Apr 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. G.L. Farnfield, RN) arrived at Alexandria from operations. (11)

30 Apr 1940
HMS Orion (Capt. G.R.B. Back, RN), HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) departed Malta to join the British battleships HMS Malaya (Capt. I.B.B. Tower, DSC, RN), HMS Royal Sovereign (Capt. H.B. Jacomb, RN), French battleships Lorraine (Capt. L.M.L. Rey), Bretagne (Capt. L.R.E. de Pivian), Provence (Capt. G.T.E. Barois), French heavy cruisers Tourville (Capt. A.J.A. Marloy), Duquesne (Capt. G.E. Besineau), French light cruiser Duguay Trouin (Capt. J.M.C. Trolley de Prevaux) that were escorted by the British destroyers HMS Velox (Cdr.(Retd.) J.C. Colvill, RN), HMS Watchman (Lt.Cdr. E.C.L. Day, RN), the Australian destroyers HMAS Stuart (Capt. H.M.L. Waller, RAN), HMAS Vampire (Cdr. J.A. Walsh, RAN, HMAS Vendetta (Lt. R. Rhoades RAN), HMAS Waterhen (Lt.Cdr. J.H. Swain, RN) and the French destroyers Lion (Cdr. J.J.A. Vetillard), Lynx (Cdr. A.M. De Gouyon Matignon de Pontourade) and Forbin (Lt.Cdr. R.C.M. Chartellier).

4 May 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) arrived at Port Said having split off from the Squadron they have been escorting the day before. (10)

5 May 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) transited the Suez Canal southbound and arrived at Suez. (10)

7 May 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) departed Suez for Aden. (10)

10 May 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) arrived at Aden. (10)

17 May 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
The British battleship HMS Ramillies (Capt. H.T. Baillie-Grohman, OBE, DSO, RN), the French heavy cruiser Suffren (Capt. R.J.M. Dillard) and the British destroyers HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) passed the Suez Canal northbound and then set course for Alexandria. (10)

18 May 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
The British battleship HMS Ramillies (Capt. H.T. Baillie-Grohman, OBE, DSO, RN), the French heavy cruiser Suffren (Capt. R.J.M. Dillard) and the British destroyers HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, RN) and HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) arrived at Alexandria. (10)

29 May 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) is taken in hand for docking and repairs at Alexandria. (10)

9 Jun 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) is undocked. (10)

14 Jun 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) departed Alexandria. She returned on the 19th. [We have been unable to find any information on what she had been doing in the meantime.] (12)

5 Sep 1940
HMS Defender (Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) returned to Alexandria from operations. Her Asdic dome was damaged and a docking for repairs was needed. She had already been briefly docked at Malta but repairs could not be made there due to lack of spares. HMS Defender was out of action for about a month. (10)

15 Oct 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) arrived at Port Said. (13)

18 Oct 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) departed Port Said, transited the Suez Canal southbound and set course for Aden. [It is not clear to us what was the porpose of her being sent to the Red Sea. Convoy traffic through the Red Sea had increased around this time but she did not escort any.] (13)

21 Oct 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) arrived at Aden. She had picked up two wounded RAF members at Kamaran Island the day before. (14)

22 Oct 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) departed Aden for Suez. (10)

26 Oct 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) arrived at Suez. (10)

28 Oct 1940 (position 0.00, 0.00)
HMS Defender (Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) arrived at Alexandria. (10)


Destroyer HMS Tartar (F 43)


26 Mar 1943
HMS Tartar (Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, DSC, RN) picks up 14 survivors from the French armed trawler FFS Sergent Gouarne that was torpedoed and sunk by U-755 about 25 miles north-east of Alboran Island.

Sources

  1. ADM 53/108239
  2. ADM 199/389
  3. ADM 53/108240
  4. ADM 53/108241
  5. ADM 53/108242
  6. ADM 53/111945
  7. ADM 53/111946
  8. ADM 199/380
  9. ADM 53/111947
  10. ADM 199/2552
  11. ADM 199/414
  12. ADM 187/8 + ADM 199/2552
  13. ADM 187/10
  14. ADM 199/383 + ADM 199/2552

ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.


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