American Steam tanker
|Completed||1942 - Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp, Sparrow´s Point MD|
|Owner||Gulf Oil Co, New York|
|Date of attack||11 Apr 1942||Nationality: American|
|Fate||Sunk by U-123 (Reinhard Hardegen)|
|Position||30° 14'N, 81° 18'W - Grid DB 5699|
|Complement||48 (19 dead and 29 survivors).|
|Route||Port Arthur, Texas - New York|
|Cargo||101.500 barrels of furnace oil|
|History||Completed in March 1942 |
|Notes on event|
At 04.22 hours on 11 April 1942 the unescorted Gulfamerica (Master Oscar Anderson) on her maiden voyage was hit by one G7e torpedo from U-123 about five miles off Jacksonville, Florida. Illuminated by the lights of the Jacksonville Beach resort, the tanker had stopped steaming a zigzag course only 20 minutes before the attack. The torpedo struck at the #7 tank on the starboard side and caused a tremendous explosion and fire. The master ordered the engines stopped and the ship abandoned as the radio operator sent distress calls. The armed guards manned the 4in after gun (the ship was also armed with two .50cal guns), but did not fire on the U-boat. The eight officers, 33 crewmen and seven armed guards began abandon ship in an orderly manner, but then U-123 tried to bring down the radio antenna with the AA gun and fired about 12 shells from the deck gun into the engine room on the port side.
|On board||We have details of 21 people who were on board.|
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