British Steam merchant
|Completed||1941 - J.L. Thompson & Sons Ltd, Sunderland|
|Owner||J. & J. Denholm Ltd, Glasgow|
|Date of attack||25 Aug 1942||Nationality: British|
|Fate||Sunk by U-176 (Reiner Dierksen)|
|Position||49° 22'N, 35° 52'W - Grid BD 1667|
|Complement||49 (1 dead and 48 survivors).|
|Route||Manchester (15 Aug) – Liverpool – New York - Hampton Roads - Baltimore|
|History||Completed in January 1941 for Ministry of War Transport (MoWT) |
|Notes on event|
At 01.57 hours on 25 Aug 1942, U-176 and U-438 (Franzius) simultaneously fired torpedoes at ships in convoy ONS-122 from its starboard bow. Dierksen observed detonations after 1 minute 33 seconds and 1 minute 36 seconds after firing a spread of two torpedoes and Franzius fired one torpedo and observed a detonation after 1 minute 31 seconds and a ship settling by the stern and sinking. Empire Breeze (Master Robert Thomson) in station #41 was hit by two torpedoes in #3 hold and amidships and the Athelprince in station #51 saw a torpedo missing astern of her around the time. Judging from the attack positions and torpedo courses it is clear that only the torpedoes of U-176 had hit and U-438 mistook this success as her own.
|Revisions||November 2009 by Rainer Kolbicz:|
Empire Breeze was listed as being sunk by U-176 and U-438 because both U-boats attacked at exactly the same time and Rohwer was not able to credit the success to one of them with reasonable certainty. A detailed analysis of the Allied reports, the KTBs and the torpedo firing reports shows that she could only have been hit by U-176.
Thanks to Mark McShane and Jerry Mason for assistance.
|On board||We have details of 4 people who were on board.|
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