Ships hit by U-boats

USS Laramie (AO 16)

American Fleet oiler

USS Laramie (AO 16)

NameUSS Laramie (AO 16)
Type:Fleet oiler (Kaweah)
Tonnage7,252 tons
Completed1921 - William Cramp & Sons, Philadelphia 
OwnerUnited States Navy 
Date of attack28 Aug 1942Nationality:      American
FateDamaged by U-165 (Eberhard Hoffmann)
Position51° 44'N, 55° 40'W - Grid AH 9823
Complement107 (4 dead and 103 survivors).
RouteSydney (26 Aug) - Greenland 
Cargo361.000 gallons of aviation gasoline, 55.000 barrels of oil and general cargo, incl. depth charges 

Built as Laramie under USSB contract, acquired by the US Navy as fleet oiler at Mobile and commissioned on 28 Dec 1921. On 19 Jun 1922, the oiler was decommissioned at Norfolk.
On 26 Jun 1940, the USS Laramie (AO 16) was recommissioned at Philadelphia under the command of Cdr James J. Hughes and went to the Brooklyn Navy Yard for alternations. On 17 Jan 1941, began duy with the Atlantic Fleet. Between January and June, the oiler made six runs to Baton Rouge to transport fuel oil to Norfolk and Bermuda. On 24 June, she left Norfolk to Bahia, Brazil via Guantanamo Bay, arriving in Brazil on 21 July and operated then along the Brazilian coast until 13 August. Then she returned to Norfolk on 1 September for overhaul. Departing on 11 October, the USS Laramie (AO 16) carried fuel oil via Boston and St.Johns to Narsarssuak, Greenland, where she arrived 25 October. The ship was then operating along the southwestern coast of Greenland carrying oil and gasoline. After the United States entered the war, she left Narsarssuak via Sydney to Norfolk, arriving on 23 December. After completing two fueling runs to Baton Rouge, she left Casco Bay, Maine, on 8 Mar 1942 with a cargo of gasoline and oil for the US Army bases in Greenland.

During 1943, the USS Laramie (AO 16) operated again in the North Atlantic, transporting liquid and dry cargo to Greenland from Boston, New York, Sydney, Argentia and St.Johns. From 21 Feb, to 2 Mar 1944, the ship made a run to Aruba for a cargo of gasoline, but then resumed voyages to Greenland out of Boston on 25 March. She returned to Aruba on 28 August and carried fuel to Newfoundland via Guantanamo and Boston from 7 to 27 September. On 17 October, the ship returned to the Caribbean to shuttle liquid cargo between Aruba and Guantanamo. From 9 to 20 November, she steamed to New York via Bermuda and resumed shuttle runs along the East coast to Newfoundland and Greenland.
On 8 Aug 1945, the USS Laramie (AO 16) arrived at Boston from Grondal, Greenland. On 6 September, the vessel arrvied at Norfolk, where she was decommissioned ten days later. On 11 Jun 1946, the tanker was transferred to the US Maritime Commission and they delivered the ship on 1 Jul 1947 to the Boston Metals Co, Baltimore for scrapping. 

Notes on event

At 02.32 hours on 28 Aug 1942, U-165 (Hoffmann) fired a spread of four and a spread of two torpedoes at convoy SG-6 at the north end of Belle Isle Strait in position 51°44N/55°40W (grid AH 9823), heard three detonations and claimed two ships with 10.000 tons sunk and one ship of 5000 tons damaged. In fact, the USS Laramie (AO 16) and the Arlyn were damaged.

The USS Laramie (AO 16) (Cmdr P.M. Moncy) was struck by one torpedo on the port side forward, she immediately listed to port and went down by the bow some 37 feet, due to the extensive flooding forward, caused by a hole 41 feet long and 34 feet high. The explosion demolished the forward crew´s quarters, killing four men and ruptured the port gasoline tank, spraying the ship with volatile liquid and explosive fumes. Although gasoline ran ankle deep over the forward gun platforms, no fires broke out and a steam smothering system protected un-ruptured holds. Prompt pumping of liquid cargo corrected the list and reduced the forward draft. The USS Laramie (AO 16) was escorted back to Sydney by the US Coast Guard cutter USS Mohawk (WPG 47), arriving on 30 August. The ship steamed from 2 to 5 September to Boston for damage repairs.

The master, Cmdr P.M. Moncy, received the Navy Cross for taking immediate and effective action to save his ship, despite of flooding and imminent danger of explosion.

On boardWe have details of 9 people who were on board

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