Ships hit by U-boats


Dutch Steam merchant

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Type:Steam merchant
Tonnage8,457 tons
Completed1928 - Joh.C. Tecklenborg AG Schiffswerft u. Maschinenfabrik, Wesermünde 
OwnerNV Stoomvaart Mij ´Nederland´, Amsterdam 
Date of attack1 Aug 1943Nationality:      Dutch
FateSunk by U-198 (Werner Hartmann)
Position25° 06'S, 34° 14'E - Grid KP 3755
Complement102 (18 dead and 84 survivors).
RouteSuez - Mombasa - Beira - Durban - Capetown - UK 
CargoCopper, sisal and tobacco 
History Completed in April 1928 as German Lindenfels for DDG Hansa, Bremen. On 10 May 1940, seized at Sabang by the Netherlands and renamed Mangkalihat.

On 4 May 1942, damaged by a mine laid by the German auxiliary minelayer Doggerbank off Capetown.  
Notes on event

At 18.51 hours on 1 August 1943 U-198 fired its last torpedo at convoy BC-2 and hit the Mangkalihat (Master Pieter Gerardus van Striemen) after 4 minutes 10 seconds. An earlier attack with two bow torpedoes had been unsuccessful. The crew abandoned ship because the engine room, boiler room and #3 hold were flooded. 17 crew members and one gunner were lost. The master, 73 crew members, nine gunners and one passenger were rescued. HMS Freesia (K 43) (LtCdr G.M. Berlyn, SANFV) took the ship in tow the next morning in 25°11S/34°06E, while a skeleton crew reboarded the vessel. On 3 August, HMS Prudent (W 73) came to assist and used her pumps to keep the ship afloat. In the early morning of 4 August the tug took over the tow, but the Mangkalihat foundered during the day in 25°44S/33°32E.

On boardWe have details of 45 people who were on board

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