Dutch Steam merchant
|Completed||1928 - Joh.C. Tecklenborg AG Schiffswerft u. Maschinenfabrik, Wesermünde|
|Owner||NV Stoomvaart Mij ´Nederland´, Amsterdam|
|Date of attack||1 Aug 1943||Nationality: Dutch|
|Fate||Sunk by U-198 (Werner Hartmann)|
|Position||25° 06'S, 34° 14'E - Grid KP 3755|
|Complement||102 (18 dead and 84 survivors).|
|Route||Suez - Mombasa - Beira - Durban - Capetown - UK|
|Cargo||Copper, sisal and tobacco|
|History||Completed in April 1928 as German Lindenfels for DDG Hansa, Bremen. On 10 May 1940, seized at Sabang by the Netherlands and renamed Mangkalihat.|
On 4 May 1942, damaged by a mine laid by the German auxiliary minelayer Doggerbank off Capetown.
|Notes on event|
At 18.51 hours on 1 August 1943 U-198 fired its last torpedo at convoy BC-2 and hit the Mangkalihat (Master Pieter Gerardus van Striemen) after 4 minutes 10 seconds. An earlier attack with two bow torpedoes had been unsuccessful. The crew abandoned ship because the engine room, boiler room and #3 hold were flooded. 17 crew members and one gunner were lost. The master, 73 crew members, nine gunners and one passenger were rescued. HMS Freesia (K 43) (LtCdr G.M. Berlyn, SANFV) took the ship in tow the next morning in 25°11S/34°06E, while a skeleton crew reboarded the vessel. On 3 August, HMS Prudent (W 73) came to assist and used her pumps to keep the ship afloat. In the early morning of 4 August the tug took over the tow, but the Mangkalihat foundered during the day in 25°44S/33°32E.
|On board||We have details of 45 people who were on board.|
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