HMS Nabob (D 77)
British Escort carrier
|Name||HMS Nabob (D 77)|
|Type:||Escort carrier (Ruler)|
|Completed||1943 - Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corp, Tacoma WA|
|Date of attack||22 Aug 1944||Nationality: British|
|Fate||A total loss by U-354 (Hans-Jürgen Sthamer)|
|Position||71° 42'N, 19° 11'E - Grid AB 9333|
|Complement||836 officers and men (21 dead and 815 survivors).|
|Route||Scapa Flow - Barents Sea|
Laid down as American steam merchant Edisto, acquired by US Navy for conversion to escort carrier USS Edisto (AVG 41). On 20 Aug 1942 reclassified (ACV 41) and finally (CVE 41) on 15 Jul 1943.
|Notes on event|
In August 1944 the HMS Nabob (D 77) (Capt Horatio Nelson Lay) participated in Operation Goodwood and formed together with HMS Trumpeter (D 09) and HMS Kent (54) the second group of carriers from the Home Fleet (Adm Moore), which covered convoy JW-59 and launched further attacks on the German battleship Tirpitz in the Altenfjord. It was planned that the Avengers from the escort carriers fly attacks on German airfields on 20 August and to lay mines before attacking the battleship, but bad weather prevented any attacks and the task force was withdrawing, when U-354 encountered them on her search for convoy northwest of the North Cape in the Barents Sea.
The stern of the HMS Nabob (D 77) quickly sank 15 feet and the power went off. The fans in the engine room stopped and the main engines had to be shut down because the temperature soared to 150 degrees. As the ship laid dead in the water, 205 men were evacuated from the ship and transferred to the Canadian destroyer HMCS Algonquin by boats and Carley floats, two weeks later they were transferred to the HMS Zest (R 02) near the Faeroe Islands and finally brought to Scapa Flow. The remaining crew worked hard to get the ship under control. Emergency diesel generators were used to get power for the pumps to limit the flooding, but the engine room bulkheads bulged inward from the pressure of the sea that had rushed in through the hole. Heavy gear was ditched or brought to the bow to improve the trim, including the two 5in guns, which were removed with cutting torches and dropped overboard. This helped raise the stern so there was not as much pressure on the drive shaft bearings. In the early evening, the escort carrier was underway again at 10 knots.
The HMS Nabob (D 77) was judged not worth repairing, towed to Rosyth, beached and abandoned. Decommissioned on 30 Sep 1944 retained in nominal reserve, but was cannibalized for spare parts for sisterships. On 16 March 1946, the vessel was returned to the US Navy and stricken. Sold for scrap in March 1947 in the Netherlands. However, she was resold to the Norddeutscher Lloyd, converted to the German motor merchant Nabob until 1952 and used as a civilian training vessel for the post war German merchant service. 1968 renamed Glory and registered in Panama. In December 1977 sold for scrap in Taiwan.
|On board||We have details of 33 people who were on board.|
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