Allied Warships

USS Massachusetts (BB 59)

Battleship of the South Dakota class

NavyThe US Navy
TypeBattleship
ClassSouth Dakota 
PennantBB 59 
Built byBethlehem Shipbuilding Corp. (Quincy, Massachusetts, U.S.A.) 
Ordered15 Dec 1938 
Laid down20 Jul 1939 
Launched23 Sep 1941 
Commissioned12 May 1942 
End service27 Mar 1947 
History

Massachusetts slugged it out with the incomplete French battleship Jean Bart at Casablanca in one of the few engagements between capital ships during World War II. At the war's end, Massachusetts had earned 14 battle stars for her combat service. In 1965, USS Massachusetts was saved and presented to her namesake state for preservation. Moored at Battleship Cove, the battleship is a museum vessel and memorial displayed with the destroyer USS Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., the submarine USS Lionfish, PT617, PT796 and the Russian-built missile corvette Hiddensee. A four-month $8 million overhaul of the battleship, which included her first drydocking in 46 years, was completed in March 1999. Massachusetts conducts youth group overnight encampments.

Decommissioned 27 March 1947.
Stricken 1 June 1962.

 

Commands listed for USS Massachusetts (BB 59)

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CommanderFromTo
1Capt. Francis Elliott Maynard Whiting, USN12 May 194212 Dec 1942
2T/Rear-Admiral Robert Ogden Glover, USN12 Dec 194227 Sep 1943
3T/Rear-Admiral Theodore Davis Ruddock, Jr., USN27 Sep 19438 Apr 1944
4Capt. William Walter Warlick, USN8 Apr 19442 May 1945
5T/Capt. John Roland Redman, USN2 May 194522 Jan 1946

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Notable events involving Massachusetts include:


12 Feb 1944
Task Force 58 departed Majuro Atoll for operation HAILSTONE, a raid against the Japanese base at Truk Atoll.

Task Force 58 was made up of the following ships;

Task Group 58.1
Aircraft carriers USS Enterprise (Capt. M.B. Gardner, USN), USS Yorktown (Capt. R.E. Jennings, USN), light carrier USS Belleau Wood (Capt. A.M. Pride, USN), light cruisers Santa Fé (Capt. J. Wright, USN), Mobile (Capt. C.J. Wheeler, USN), Biloxi (Capt. D.M. McGurl, USN), USS Oakland (Capt. W.K. Phillips, USN) and the destroyers USS Clarence K. Bronson (Lt.Cdr. J.C. McGoughran, USN), USS Cotten (Cdr. F.T. Sloat, USN), USS Dortch (Cdr. R.C. Young, USN), USS Gatling (Cdr. A.F. Richardson, USN), USS Healy (Cdr. J.C. Atkeson, USN), USS Cogswell (Cdr. H.T. Deutermann, USN), USS Caperton (Cdr. W.J. Miller, USN), USS Ingersoll (Cdr. A.C. Veasey, USN), USS Knapp (Cdr. F. Virden, USN).

Task Group 58.2
Aircraft carriers USS Essex (Capt. R.A. Ofstie, USN), USS Intrepid (Capt. T.L. Sprague, USN), light carrier USS Cabot (Capt. M.F. Schoeffel, USN), heavy cruisers USS Wichita (Capt J.J. Mahoney, USN), USS Baltimore (Capt. W.C. Calhoun, USN), light cruisers USS San Francisco (Capt. H.E. Overesch, USN), USS San Diego (Capt. L.J. Hudson, USN), destroyers USS Owen (Cdr. R.W. Wood, USN), USS Miller (Cdr. T.H. Kobey, USN), USS The Sullivans (Cdr. K.M. Gentry, USN), USS Stephen Potter (Cdr. C.H. Crichton, USN), USS Hickox (Cdr. W.M. Sweetser, USN), USS Hunt (Cdr. H.A. Knoertzer, USN), USS Lewis Hancock (Cdr. C.H. Lyman, 3rd, USN), USS Stembel (Cdr. W.L. Tagg, USN) and USS Stack (Lt.Cdr. R.E. Wheeler, USN).

Task Group 58.3
Aircraft carrier USS Bunker Hill (Capt. T.P. Jeter, USN), light carriers USS Monterey (Capt. L.T. Hundt, USN), USS Cowpens (Capt. R.P. McConnell, USN), battleships USS North Carolina (Capt. F.P. Thomas, USN), USS Massachusetts (Capt. T.D. Ruddock, Jr., USN), USS South Dakota (Capt. A.E. Smith, USN), USS Alabama (Capt. F.D. Kirtland, USN), USS Iowa (Capt. J.L. McCrea, USN), USS New Jersey (Capt. C.F. Holden, USN), heavy cruisers USS Minneapolis (Capt. R.W. Bates, USN), USS New Orleans (Capt. S.R. Shumaker, USN), destroyers USS Izard (Cdr. E.K. van Swearingen, USN), USS Charrette (Cdr. E.S. Karpe, USN), USS Conner (Cdr. W.E. Kaitner, USN), USS Bell (Cdr. L.C. Petross, USN), USS Burns (Cdr. D.T. Eller, USN), USS Bradford (Cdr. R.L. Morris, USN), USS Brown (Cdr. T.H. Copeman, USN), USS Cowell (Cdr. C.W. Parker, USN), USS Wilson (Lt.Cdr. C.K. Duncan, USN), USS Sterett (Lt.Cdr. F.J.L. Blouin, USN) and USS Lang (Cdr. H. Payson, Jr., USN).

Media links


US fast battleships 1936-47

Lawrence Burr


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($ 13.76)

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(£ 9.99)


Battle of Surigao Strait

Anthony P. Tully


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($ 45.76)


US battleships 1941-1963

Wayne Scarpaci


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($ 35.99)

amazon.co.uk
(£ 23.07)

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