HMS Jervis Bay (F 40)
Armed Merchant Cruiser
|Navy||The Royal Navy|
|Type||Armed Merchant Cruiser|
|Class||[No specific class]|
|Built by||Vickers Ltd. (Barrow-in-Furness, U.K.)|
|Launched||17 Jan 1922|
|Commissioned||15 Oct 1939|
|Lost||5 Nov 1940|
|Loss position||53° 41'N, 32° 17'W|
On 25 August 1939 the passenger ship Jervis Bay of the Aberdeen & Commonwealth Line Ltd, London was requisitioned by the Admiralty and converted to an armed merchant cruiser. Conversion was completed on 15 October 1939.
Displacement: 14164 BRT
On 5 November 1940, HMS Jervis Bay (A/Capt. Edward Stephen Fogarty Fegen, RN) was shelled and sunk in position 52º41'N, 32º17'W by the German pocket-battleship Admiral Scheer while engaging the superior enemy ship in a heroic, if hopeless, fight to give the 37 merchants in the convoy HX-84 a chance to escape, because the armed merchant cruiser was the sole escort. Her sacrifice allowed many ships of the convoy to scatter and escape in the night. Capt. E.S.F. Fegen (RN) was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross.
190 men were lost, while 65 survivors were picked up by the Swedish merchant Stureholm that had turned back during the night to search for survivors.
Commands listed for HMS Jervis Bay (F 40)
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|1||Capt. (retired) Arthur Gerald Harris, RN||2 Sep 1939||12 Feb 1940|
|2||Cdr. (retired) James Alexander Pollard Blackburn, DSC, RN||12 Feb 1940||28 Feb 1940|
|3||A/Capt. Edward Stephen Fogarty Fegen, RN||28 Feb 1940||5 Nov 1940 (+)|
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Notable events involving Jervis Bay include:
13 Oct 1939
While at Rosyth HMS Sabre (Lt.Cdr. B. Dean, RN) is heavily damaged when she is rammed by the armed merchant cruiser HMS Jervis Bay. Sabre was under repair to 6 May 1940.
In the middle of the day they screened the heavy cruiser HMS Hawkins (Capt. E. Rotherham, RN) during her gunnery exercises.
Later in the afternoon they screened the armed merchant cruiser HMS Dunvegan Castle (Capt.(Retd.) H. Ardill, RN) during her gunnery exercises. (1)
For the daily positions of HrMs O 15 during this passage see the map below.
- ADM 53/112519
- ADM 199/1856
ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.