HMS Newmarket (G 47)
Destroyer of the Town class
|Navy||The Royal Navy|
|Built by||Union Iron Works (San Francisco, California, U.S.A.)|
|Laid down||31 Oct 1917|
|Launched||28 Mar 1918|
|Commissioned||26 Nov 1940|
|End service||Sep 1945|
USS Robinson was recommissioned on 23 August 1940 for transfer to the British Government under terms of the destroyers-in exchange for-bases agreement. The transfer was effected at Halifax, Nova Scotia, on 26 November 1940 when Robinson was renamed HMS Newmarket and taken over by a care and maintenance party of the Royal Canadian Navy. She was commissioned in the British Navy by a Royal Navy crew on 5 December 1940.
Newmarket departed Halifax on 15 January for the United Kingdom, calling at St. John's and arriving at Belfast on the 26th and at Plymouth, England, on the 30th.
After a short refit on the Humber, she began convoy escort work in the Western Approaches Command and on 2 June 1941, was unsuccessfully attacked by an aircraft in the northwestern approaches. Later that month she proceeded to Sheerness, and was in dockyard hands until November when she joined the 8th Escort Group, at Londonderry.
On 3 January 1942, Newmarket had to leave Convoy H.X. 166 because of boiler trouble, and proceeded to Lough Foyle. On the 30th she arrived at Liverpool, and was under refit until the end of March.
In April 1942, she escorted the Russian convoy P.Q. 14, but, a month later, was allocated for duty as an aircraft target ship in the Firth of Forth. She refitted at Leith between December 1942 and February 1943, and later in the year, refitted again at Rosyth, Scotland. In September 1943, Newmarket was reduced to care and maintenance status at Rosyth but resumed duty as an aircraft target ship from the spring of 1944, until after the end of the war in Europe. She was scrapped at Llanelly in September 1945.
|Former name||USS Robinson (DD 88)|
Commands listed for HMS Newmarket (G 47)
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|1||Lt.Cdr. Geoffrey Bransby O Brien Harding, RN||5 Dec 1940||mid 1941|
|2||Lt.Cdr. Cyril William North, RN||8 Oct 1941||Jun 1942|
|3||Lt.Cdr. (retired) Rodney Charles Vesey Thomson, RN||Jun 1942||4 Feb 1943|
|4||Lt. Eric Ian Pilditch, RN||4 Feb 1943||mid 1943|
|5||Lt. Chistopher Godfrey de Lisle Bush, RN||7 Jun 1944||early 1945|
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Notable events involving Newmarket include:
- File 2.12.03.6376 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)
- ADM 173/16782
- ADM 173/16767
ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.