Allied Warships

HMS Eclipse (H 08)

Destroyer of the E class


HMS Eclipse during the Second World War

NavyThe Royal Navy
TypeDestroyer
ClassE 
PennantH 08 
Built byWilliam Denny & Brothers (Dumbarton, Scotland) 
Ordered1 Nov 1932 
Laid down22 Mar 1933 
Launched12 Apr 1934 
Commissioned29 Nov 1934 
Lost24 Oct 1943 
Loss position37° 01'N, 27° 11'E
History

On 24 October 1943 HMS Eclipse (Cdr. Edward Mack, DSO, DSC, RN) was mined and sunk east of Kalymnos Island, Greece in position 37º01'N, 27º11'E.

 

Commands listed for HMS Eclipse (H 08)

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CommanderFromTo
1Lt.Cdr. Eric Langton Woodhall, RN31 Jul 19399 Nov 1939
2Lt.Cdr. Ivo Thomas Clark, RN9 Nov 193910 Jan 1942
3Lt.Cdr. Edward Mack, DSC, RN10 Jan 194224 Oct 1943

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Notable events involving Eclipse include:


4 Sep 1939
HMS Courageous (Capt. W.T. Makeig-Jones, RN) departed Plymouth for an anti-submarine patrol. She was escorted by the destroyers HMS Acasta (Cdr. P.J. Oliver, RN), HMS Anthony (Lt.Cdr. N.V.J.T. Thew, RN), HMS Amazon (Lt.Cdr. N.E.G. Roper, RN), HMS Ardent (Lt.Cdr. J.F. Barker, RN).

At sea they were joined by HMS Eclipse (Lt.Cdr. E.L. Woodhall, RN) which attacked a submarine contact around 1915 hours near Plymouth. The contact appears to have been bogus.

The force returned to Plymouth later the same day.

18 Dec 1940
HMS Nelson (Capt. Sir G.J.A. Miles, RN), HMS Hood (Capt. Sir I.G. Glennie, RN), HMS Repulse (Capt. Sir W.G. Tennant, CB, MVO, RN) and HMS Manchester (Capt. H.A. Packer, RN) departed Scapa Flow to conduct exercises west of the Orkneys. They were escorted by the destroyers HMS Cossack (Capt. P.L. Vian, DSO and Bar, RN), HMS Sikh (Cdr. G.H. Stokes, RN), HMS Tartar (Cdr. L.P. Skipwith, RN), HMS Brilliant (Lt.Cdr. F.C. Brodrick, RN), HMS Bulldog (Lt.Cdr. F.J.G. Hewitt, RN), HMS Beagle (Lt.Cdr. R.H. Wright, RN), HMS Douglas (Lt.Cdr. H.G. Bowerman, RN), HMS Escapade (Cdr. R.E. Hyde-Smith, RN), HMS Electra (Lt.Cdr. S.A. Buss, MVO, RN) and HMS Eclipse (Lt.Cdr. I.T. Clark, RN). (1)

23 Jun 1941
HMS Manchester (Capt. H. Drew, DSC, RN) departed Hvalfjord together with the destroyer HMS Eclipse (Lt.Cdr. I.T. Clark, RN) to relieve HMS Suffolk (Capt. R.M. Ellis, RN) on the Denmark Strait patrol. HMS Eclipse parted company with HMS Manchester around 1900/25. (2)

27 Jun 1942
HMS Manchester (Capt. H. Drew, DSC, RN) departed Scapa Flow together with the destroyer HMS Eclipse (Lt.Cdr. E. Mack, DSO, DSC, RN) for Seidisfjord. (3)

28 Jun 1942
HMS Manchester (Capt. H. Drew, DSC, RN) and the destroyer HMS Eclipse (Lt.Cdr. E. Mack, DSO, DSC, RN) arrived at Seidisfjord. (3)

30 Jun 1942
HMS Manchester (Capt. H. Drew, DSC, RN) and the destroyer HMS Eclipse (Lt.Cdr. E. Mack, DSO, DSC, RN) departed Seidisfjord for operation Gearbox in which they were to land Norwegian troops and stores on Spitzbergen. (3)

2 Jul 1942
HMS Manchester (Capt. H. Drew, DSC, RN) and the destroyer HMS Eclipse (Lt.Cdr. E. Mack, DSO, DSC, RN) arrived at Spitzbergen where they successfully landed Norwegian troops and stores (Operation Gearbox). They then immediately sailed jo join the main cover force for convoys PQ 17 and QP 13. (4)

3 Jul 1942
HMS Manchester (Capt. H. Drew, DSC, RN) and the destroyer HMS Eclipse (Lt.Cdr. E. Mack, DSO, DSC, RN) joined the main cover force for convoys PQ 17 and QP 13. (4)

24 Mar 1943
HMS Usurper (Lt. D.R.O. Mott, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Scapa Flow with HMS Obdurate (Lt.Cdr. C.E.L. Sclater, DSO and Bar, RN), HMS Eclipse (Lt.Cdr. E. Mack, DSO, DSC, RN), HMS Switha (T/Lt. L.H. Green, RNR) and HMS Bressay (T/Lt. J.E. Wilmot, RNVR). (5)

29 Mar 1943
HMS H 34 (Lt. J.P. Angell, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Inglefield (Cdr. A.G. West, RN), HMS Fury (Lt.Cdr. C.H. Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN), HMS Eclipse (Lt.Cdr. Edward Mack, DSO, DSC, RN) and HMS Icarus (Lt.Cdr. E.N. Walmsley, DSC, RN). (6)

8 Apr 1943
HMS Eclipse (Lt.Cdr. E. Mack, DSO, DSC, RN) picks up 16 survivors from the Dutch merchant Blitar that was torpedoed and sunk by the German U-boat U-632 about 520 miles east of Cape Farewell on 6 April.

13 May 1943
HMS Ultimatum (Lt. W.H. Kett, RNR) conducted A/S exercises off Scapa Flow with HMS Eclipse (Lt.Cdr. E. Mack, DSO, DSC, RN), HMS Cleveland (Lt. J.K. Hamilton, RN), HMS Onslow (Capt. J.A. McCoy, DSO, RN) and HMS Tyrian (Cdr. C.W. Greening, RN). (7)

23 Jul 1943
The Italian submarine Ascianghi (offsite link) was sunk off Augusta, Sicily by the British destroyers HMS Eclipse (Lt.Cdr. E. Mack, DSO, DSC, RN) and HMS Laforey (Capt. R.M.J. Hutton, DSO, RN).

22 Aug 1943
The German torpedo boat TA 12 (970 tons, former French Baliste) is heavily damaged by the British destroyer HMS Eclipse (Cdr. E. Mack, DSO, DSC, RN). The TA 12 is beached off Cape Prasonesi, Rhodos, Greece and finally destroyed on 24 November by US Bombers.

23 Sep 1943
On this day HMS Eclipse (Cdr. E. Mack, DSO, DSC, RN) damaged the German torpedo boat TA 10 (Oberleutnant Jobst Hahndorff) (former French torpedo boat La Pomone and later Italian FR 42) and sank the merchant Gaetano Donizetti, carrying Italian POWs, south west of Rhodes. The Gaetano Donizetti went down with her entire crew and at least 1.576 Italian POWs. (Italian sources speak of 1.835 POWs on board the Gaetano Donizetti) The POW's were mostly sailors and airmen from the Garrison of Rhodes. The heavily damaged TA 10 is towed back to Rhodes but is scuttled a few days later. (8)

Media links


British destroyers & frigates

Norman Friedman


Destroyers of World War Two

Whitley, M. J.

Sources

  1. ADM 53/112671
  2. ADM 53/114625 + ADM 199/399
  3. ADM 53/116227 + ADM 199/427
  4. ADM 199/427
  5. ADM 173/18389
  6. ADM 173/17792
  7. ADM 173/18316
  8. Personal communication

ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.


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