USS Selfridge (DD 357)
Destroyer of the Porter class
|Navy||The US Navy|
|Built by||New York Shipbuilding Corp. (Camden, New Jersey, U.S.A.)|
|Laid down||18 Dec 1933|
|Launched||18 Apr 1936|
|Commissioned||26 Nov 1936|
|End service||15 Oct 1945|
USS Selfridge was commissioned just after the Berlin-Rome Axis was proclaimed and the beginning of the siege of Madrid, her shakedown cruise in the Mediterranean was almost like a war patrol. She served in the Atlantic until December 1937, when she was relocated to the Pacific as flagship of Destroyer Squadron 4 in San Diego, California.
In 1940 she was reassigned to the Hawaiian islands. When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941, she left port with a mixed crew from different ships in search for the attacking fleet, finding no enemy. She spent the next few weeks patrolling around Oahu, and then joined the destroyer screen around the Lexington. She was soon reassigned for escort duties, and on January 30th, 1942 she was attacking a Japanese submarine on the way back to Hawaii from the Canton Island. She remained in this role until the invasion of the Solomon Islands begun, when she was attached to TG 62.6, the screening group for the transports bound to Guadalcanal. After the battle off Savo Island she had the sad duty to scuttle the badly damaged cruiser HMAS Canberra. Later in the year she patrolled the waters around Australia.
In May 1943, Selfridge was reassigned to the 3rd Fleet. On the 6th October, Selfridge, along with USS O'Bannon and Chevalier intercepted a Japanese force of 6 destroyers and 4 other ships. They went into attack, but the results were disastrous. Chevalier was sunk, O'Bannon and Selfridge suffered extensive damage. Selfridge crew suffered a casualty of 13 killed, 11 wounded and 36 missing. After repairs and training with the new crew, she returned to action in May 1944, participating in the battles around Guam and Saipan. In September 1944 she sailed to New York for a major refit and overhaul, then she joined TF65 and serving as flagship she escorted convoys in the Atlantic until the end of the war.
She was decommissioned on 15 October 1945, stricken on 1 November 1945 and sold for scrap on 20 December 1946, she was eventually scrapped in October 1947. USS Selfridge received 4 Battle Stars for her services during WW2.
Commands listed for USS Selfridge (DD 357)
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|1||Cdr. Horace Donald Clarke, USN||26 Nov 1936||15 Jun 1938|
|2||Cdr. Bertram Joseph Rodgers, USN||15 Jun 1938||17 May 1940 (1)|
|3||Cdr. Leland Pearson Lovette, USN||17 May 1940||19 Jul 1940 (1)|
|4||Lt.Cdr. Wyatt Craig, USN||19 Jul 1940||21 Mar 1942 (1)|
|5||Lt.Cdr. Carroll Dayne Reynolds, USN||21 Mar 1942||3 Oct 1943|
|6||Lt.Cdr. George Edward Peckham, USN||3 Oct 1943||9 Feb 1944|
|7||Lt.Cdr. Lewis Levi Snider, USN||9 Feb 1944||9 Oct 1944 (1)|
|8||James Abner Boyd, USN||9 Oct 1944||15 Oct 1945|
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Notable events involving Selfridge include:
31 May 1942
HrMs Tromp (Cdr. J.B. de Meester, RNN) returned to Sydney. After fuelling she departed for yet another convoy mission.
Convoy ZK 9 was to be escorted northwards. This convoy was made up of the following merchant vessels; American Robert Gray (7176 GRT, built 1942) (joined off Melbourne on 2 June), Stephen A. Douglas (7176 GRT, built 1942) (joined off Melbourne on 2 June), Australian Katoomba (9424 GRT, built 1913), Ormiston (5815 GRT, built 1922) and Dutch Japara (3323, built 1930) (joined off Melbourne on 2 June). Besides Tromp they were escorted by the US destroyer USS Selfridge (Cdr. C.D. Reynolds, USN) and the Australian sloop HMAS Warrego (Lt.Cdr. A.H. Green, RAN). (2)
4 Jun 1942
HrMs Tromp (Cdr. J.B. de Meester, RNN), the American destroyer USS Selfridge (Cdr. C.D. Reynolds, USN), the American merchant Stephen A. Douglas (7176 GRT, built 1942), the Australian merchant Stephen A. Douglas (7176 GRT, built 1942) and the Dutch Japara (3323, built 1930) split off from the convoy off Rockhampton and proceeded towards that harbour.
After fuelling Tromp and Selfridge departed for Sydney later the same day.
- File 2.12.03.6849 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)