ORP Dzik (P 52)
Submarine of the U class
|Navy||The Polish Navy|
|Built by||Vickers Armstrong (Barrow-in-Furness, U.K.)|
|Ordered||23 Aug 1940|
|Laid down||30 Dec 1941|
|Launched||11 Oct 1942|
|Commissioned||16 Dec 1942|
|End service||25 Jul 1947|
Dzik means wild boar in English.
After the loss of the Polish submarine Jastrzab (to friendly fire off Norway) on 2 May, 1942 the Polish requested that they would be assigned a new submarine.
The Royal Navy agreed and gave them the U-class boat P 52 then being built.
The boat was returned to the Royal Navy on 25 July, 1947.
She was then transferred to Denmark in July 1947 and renamed U 1. In 1950 U 1 was renamed Springeren. Finally returned to Britain in October 1957 and scrapped in April 1958.
|Former name||P 52|
Commands listed for ORP Dzik (P 52)
Please note that we're still working on this section.
|1||Kpt. mar. Boleslaw Romanowski, ORP||12 Dec 1942||12 Dec 1944|
|2||Por. mar. Tadeusz Noworol, ORP||12 Dec 1944||6 Jan 1945|
|3||Kpt. mar. Andrzej Klopotowski, ORP||6 Jan 1945||1 Jul 1946|
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Notable events involving Dzik include:
4 Mar 1943
HMS Universal (Lt. C. Gordon, RN) arrived at Dundee.
24 May 1943
Near Cape Spartivento ORP Dzik fires a 4 torpedo salvo and damaged the Italian oil tanker Carnaro (8357 GRT). After the attack, two Italian corvettes dropped over 60 depth charges.
18 Jul 1943
At 1037 hours in 35°45’N, 18°03.5’ E, HMS Unshaken (Lt. J. Whitton, RN) sighted a submarine at a distance of 7 miles but did not take any offensive action as it was believed to be ORP Dzik. This was in fact U-81 proceeding from Salamis to operate against the invasion force off Syracuse. The U-boat, believing Unshaken to be an Italian submarine, also refrained from attack. At about 1730 hours, the two submarines were again in visual contact and again refrained from attack. (3)
19 Jul 1943
Near Malta ORP Dzik fires four torpedoes at what is thought to be an enemy submarine. Luckily the torpedoes missed their target as it turned out to be fired against HMS Unshaken.
15 Aug 1943
ORP Dzik fires four torpedoed against the Italian merchants Citta di Spezia (2474 GRT) and Goggiam (1994 GRT) 27 nautical miles east of Bari, Italy in position 41°09'N, 17°25'E. The Goggiam is hit and beached. She was a total loss. (4)
21 Sep 1943
ORP Dzik (Lt.Cdr. Romanowski) fired torpedoes in Bastia harbour, Corsica, France and sank the German tanker Nikolaus (6397 GRT, former Greek Nicolaou Ourania) and the German tug Kraft (333 GRT). Dzik also claimed the sinking of three German landing craft, normally identified as SF 172 (130 GRT), SF 176 (130 GRT) and F 420 (220 GRT).
However, it has been established that SF.176 and S.110 were both lost in the explosion of their ready-use ammunition in the air attack and Dzik had no part in their loss, while SF.176 was sunk in action against MGB.658 off Elba on 15 October and possibly not even present at Bastia that day.
17 Nov 1943
ORP Dzik (Lt. A. Klopotowski) sank a sailing vessel with gunfire off Monemvasia, Greece.
7 Jan 1944
ORP Dzik attacked the German tanker Brunhilde (1810 GRT) with four torpedoes south of Tenedos Island in position 39°42'N, 26°02'E. All torpedoes missed their target.
8 Jan 1944
ORP Dzik sank the Greek sailing vessel Elleni (200 GRT) with gunfire off Lesbos Island, Greece in position 39°37'N, 25°43'E.
9 Jan 1944
ORP Dzik claims the sinking of a small vessel with gunfire in the Aegean Sea in position 38°25'N, 25°21'E.
They were escorted by the British destroyer HMS Sardonyx (A/Lt.Cdr. T.A. Easton, RNVR). (5)
20 Jun 1944
While moored at Londonderry HrMs O 15 (Lt. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) is twice hit by two other submarines. Once by HMS H 34 (Lt. R.L. Jay, RN) and once by ORP Dzik (Lt.Cdr. B. Romanowski, ORP). (5)
20 Apr 1945
HrMs Dolfijn (Lt.Cdr. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) departed Dundee for Lerwick. She made the passage together with ORP Dzik (Lt. A. Klopotowski, ORP). They were escorted by HMS Ebor Abbey (T.Skr. G.H. Harwood, RNR). (7)
24 Apr 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) departed Scapa Flow for Dundee. She made the passage south together with ORP Dzik (Lt. A. Klopotowski, ORP) and FFS Curie (Lt. P.J. Chailley). They were escorted by HMS Ebor Abbey (T.Skr. G.H. Harwood, RNR). (8)
- ADM 173/17845
- ADM 173/18348
- ADM 199/1823
- Personal communication
- File 2.12.03.6399 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)
- File 2.12.03.6400 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)
- File 2.12.03.5655 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)
- 2.12.03.7153 (Dutch Archives, The Hague)
ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.