Italian submarines in World War Two
|Type||Coastal / Sea going|
|Laid down||23 Apr 1930||Cantieri Navale Tosi di Taranto, Taranto|
|Launched||8 May 1932|
|Commissioned||12 Dec 1932|
|Loss date||27 Jun 1941|
|Loss position||32° 05'N, 26° 47'E|
|Fate||Torpedoed and sunk on 27th June 1941 near Mersa Matruh, Egypt, in position 32°05'N, 26°47'E by the submarine HMS Triumph.|
|Commander||Date from||Date to||Command notes|
|C.C. Antonio Biondo||15 Dec 1939||25 Nov 1940|
|S.T.V. Filiberto Sturlese||25 Nov 1940||14 Dec 1940|
|C.C. Emilio Berengan||14 Dec 1940||3 Jan 1941|
|C.C. Guido Coscia||4 Jan 1941||28 Apr 1941|
|T.V. Renato Guagni||29 Apr 1941||27 Jun 1941|
Patrols and events
|Commander||Date||Time||Port||Arr. date||Arr. time||Arr. port||Miles||Description|
|1||Biondo, Antonio||6 Jun 1940||0713||Taranto||16 Jun 1940||0440||Gallipoli||1381||Patrolled 10 or 15 miles South of Gavdo with the submarines Giuliani, Bagnolini and Tarantini, on a line 20 miles apart. Heard only H.E.|
|Biondo, Antonio||16 Jun 1940||0940||Gallipoli||16 Jun 1940||1550||Taranto||Passage Gallipoli-Taranto in company of the submarines Tarantini and Settimo, escorted by the destroyer Zeffiro.|
|2||Biondo, Antonio||27 Jun 1940||1201||Taranto||3 Jul 1940||1400||Benghazi||1398||Sailed for 33°46'N, 23°10'E on a patrol line with submarines Anfitrite, Ondina and Uebi Scebeli, from a point 15 miles southwest of Gaudio to a point 40 miles northeast of Derna. On her way to the patrol line, she was damaged by bombs and forced to go to Benghazi. HMS Dainty claimed to have sunk her in 35°24'N, 24°10'E ca. 29th June 40. Biondo was severely reprimanded for lack of aggressiveness when encountering a target on 29th June 1940.|
|29 Jun 1940||0720-0820|
|At 0640 hours, Salpa was proceeding in company with Uebi Scebeli to their respective patrol areas when a destroyer was sighted. Salpa immediately dived.|
At 0722 hours, Salpa heard three explosions probably at a distance of about 100 meters and another six at about 30 meters at 0726 hours, more followed until 0820 hours but they were distant. The submarine escaped without damage.
|1 Jul 1940||1035-1500|
|33° 46'N, 23° 10'E|
|At 0930 hours, hydrophone effects were heard. At 1035 hours, a vessel passed above and dropped three depth charges, causing some damages to Salpa.|
She had been detected by HMS Hostile and HMAS Stuart in the area where a line of four Italian submarines had been deployed (following information from captured documents on the Uebi Scebeli). HMS Hostile located the submarine attacking at 1030 hours, but only using the thrower depth charges as the trap had jammed. HMAS Stuart attacked with a full pattern at 1050 hours.
At 1050 hours, the vessel passed again and dropped about six depth charges, causing more damage, The submarine went down to 60 meters. Six more depth-charges were heard at 1500 hours and the submarine was forced to abort her patrol and go to Benghazi. British Naval intelligence believed the submarine was probably Uarsciek and that she was sunk
|Biondo, Antonio||16 Jul 1940||1230||Benghazi||19 Jul 1940||1325||Taranto||Passage Benghazi-Taranto. Return trip for repairs following damage by bombs on 29th June. Then repairs until 20th October 1940.|
|Biondo, Antonio||22 Jul 1940||1350||Taranto||24 Jul 1940||1610||Pola||494||Passage Taranto-Pola.|
|Biondo, Antonio||21 Sep 1940||0840||Pola||21 Sep 1940||1818||Pola||56,2||Exercises.|
|Biondo, Antonio||25 Sep 1940||0806||Pola||25 Sep 1940||1609||Pola||29,7||Exercises.|
|Biondo, Antonio||29 Sep 1940||0725||Pola||29 Sep 1940||1258||Pola||36,2||Exercises.|
|Biondo, Antonio||8 Oct 1940||1015||Pola||10 Oct 1940||1607||Taranto||520||Passage Pola-Taranto.|
|Biondo, Antonio||12 Oct 1940||0931||Taranto||12 Oct 1940||1420||Taranto||21,8||Exercises.|
|Biondo, Antonio||18 Oct 1940||0835||Taranto||18 Oct 1940||1511||Taranto||30||Exercises.|
|Biondo, Antonio||20 Oct 1940||0900||Taranto||20 Oct 1940||1320||Taranto||20||Exercises.|
|Biondo, Antonio||22 Oct 1940||0812||Taranto||22 Oct 1940||1750||Taranto||20,7||Exercises.|
|3||Biondo, Antonio||24 Oct 1940||1736||Taranto||26 Oct 1940||2155||Brindisi||275||Sailed for patrol off Cyrenaica, between 34°20'N and 34°55'N, 23°30'N and 24°40'E but turned back because weather damage and battery problems. Repairs until December 1940.|
|26 Oct 1940||1200|
(0) Off Santa Maria di Leuca.
|At 1200 hours, a battleship of the ANDREA DORIA class was sighted at 7,000 metres and fired two rounds at Salpa, as the submarine had been slow to respond to her signals. This was indeed Andrea Doria on transfer from Pola to Taranto, who checked her fire when the submarine made the proper recognition signal. The bad weather had forced her destroyer escort to turn back as they could not maintain a speed of 15 knots.|
|Sturlese, Filiberto||3 Dec 1940||1250||Brindisi||3 Dec 1940||1607||Brindisi||21||Exercises.|
|Sturlese, Filiberto||7 Dec 1940||0959||Brindisi||7 Dec 1940||1110||Brindisi||0,3||Entered dock?|
|Berengan, Emilio||20 Dec 1940||0851||Brindisi||20 Dec 1940||1253||Brindisi||20,5||Exercises.|
|4||Berengan, Emilio||21 Dec 1940||0945||Brindisi||30 Dec 1940||2315||Augusta||918||Patrolled in Straits of Otranto in 39°40'N, 19°10'E. Uneventful. Heard only distant H.E. and explosions.|
|Berengan, Emilio||31 Dec 1940||Time?||Augusta (outside)||31 Dec 1940||0815||Augusta||Moved from anchorage to harbour.|
|5||Coscia, Guido||26 Jan 1941||1400||Augusta||27 Jan 1941||0907||Augusta||124||Hydrophone Watch off Augusta. Uneventful except for H.E.|
|6||Coscia, Guido||31 Jan 1941||1710||Augusta||5 Feb 1941||1250||Augusta||585||Sailed for patrol off Cyrenaica. Damaged by A/S craft, but turned back due to defects.|
|3 Feb 1941||0200||35° 50'N, 18° 48'E||At 0200 hours, three enemy destroyers were sighted and they hunted the submarine until 1600 hours.|
|Coscia, Guido||5 Feb 1941||0744||Augusta||6 Feb 1941||1426||Messina||585||Passage Augusta-Messina [mileage is from 31st January].|
|Coscia, Guido||10 Feb 1941||0950||Messina||11 Feb 1941||1515||Taranto||270||Passage Messina-Taranto. Repairs until 20th March 1941.|
|10 Feb 1941||1815|
(0) 278° - Punta Stilo - 5.5 miles.
|At 1815 hours, two torpedo wakes were sighted on the starboard side. Salpa put the helm hard to port to avoid them.|
This attack was made by the submarine HMS Rover (Lieutenant. Commander H.A.L. Marsham, RN). She had sighted a submarine of the PERLA class at a distance of 8,000 yards and, at 1752 hours, fired five torpedoes from a distance of 1,500 yards (a sixth misfired and Marsham believed it was the one that should have hit).
At 2300 hours, Salpa encountered a convoy (the Germans Arta, Heraklea and Maritza, all empty, on transfer from Bari to Messina) escprted by the destroyer Baleno and signalled the presence of the enemy submarine.
|Coscia, Guido||14 Feb 1941||0245||Taranto||14 Feb 1941||1220||Taranto||Trials.|
|Coscia, Guido||24 Mar 1941||1128||Taranto||24 Mar 1941||1816||Taranto||36||Exercises.|
|7||Coscia, Guido||31 Mar 1941||1645||Taranto||14 Apr 1941||1545||Taranto||1413,5||Patrolled off Albanian coast in 41°50'N, 18°25'E on a SE-NW axis, off Cape Krio. Sighted MAS boats and heard H.E.|
|8||Coscia, Guido||25 Apr 1941||1837||Taranto||26 Apr 1941||1105||Taranto||88||Hydrophone Watch in Gulf of Taranto. Uneventful.|
|9||Coscia, Guido||27 Apr 1941||2110||Taranto||28 Apr 1941||1048||Taranto||95||Hydrophone Watch in Gulf of Taranto. Uneventful.|
|Guagni, Renato||5 May 1941||1820||Taranto||6 May 1941||1625||Taranto||Exercises with H.8, escorted by the pilot vessel Limbara.|
|10||Guagni, Renato||9 May 1941||1137||Taranto||25 May 1941||1145||Messina||2343||Patrolled southwest of Crete, between 34°40'N and 35°20'N, 23°00'E and 24°40'E and from 14th to 16th May off Egyptian coast, between 31°20'N and 32°40'N, 28°00'E and 29°20'E. Uneventful except H.E.|
|Guagni, Renato||12 Jun 1941||0830||Messina||12 Jun 1941||1650||Messina||Exercises, escorted by Arcione.|
|11||Guagni, Renato||18 Jun 1941||2155||Messina||27 Jun 1941||0811 (UK)||Sunk with all hands||Sailed for patrol off Egyptian coast and Cyrenaica, between 31°55 N and Egyptian coast, and between 26°20'E and 26°40'E (according to German records between 32°40'N and 32°27'N , and between 25°00'E and 25°20'E) She had to proceed to Leros and was sunk in 32°04'N, 26°47'E by the British submarine HMS Triumph. No survivors, five officers and forty-three ratings killed.|
|27 Jun 1941|
(e) 32° 05'N, 26° 47'E
|At 0757 hours, the submarine HMS Triumph (Lieutenant Commander W.J.W. Woods, RN) sighted what looked like masts of a small ships. Five minutes later, it was recognised as a submarine and she probably had just surfaced. Later it was identified as a PERLA class boat, steering 003° at 10 knots.|
At 0811 hours, the British submarine opened fire from 1,500 yards. In all, 33 4" rounds were fired of which 5 were direct hits as well as 330 rounds with her Lewis guns.
This was Salpa on patrol off the Egyptian coast. The Italian submarine appeared to have fired back 5 rounds with her deck gun, but was now apparently almost stopped and sinking by the stern.
At 0818 hours, HMS Triumph fired two torpedoes at 600 yards. The first deviated to port, but the second squarely hit the target and she sank. A large pool of oil was seen but no survivors.
Salpa had gone down with all hands. Five officers and forty-three ratings perished.
33 entries. 32 total patrol entries (11 marked as war patrols) and 6 events.