Italian submarines in World War Two
|Type||Coastal / Sea going|
|Laid down||1 Oct 1935||Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico, Monfalcone|
|Launched||2 Aug 1936|
|Commissioned||26 Sep 1936|
|Loss date||13 Dec 1942|
|Loss position||36° 58'N, 5° 07'E|
|Fate||Sunk on 13th December 1942 north of Bougie, Algeria, in position 36°58'N, 05°07'E by depth charges from the sloop HMS Enchantress.|
|Commander||Date from||Date to||Command notes|
|T.V. Alfredo Gatti||10 May 1940||31 Jul 1940|
|C.C. Loris Albanese||31 Jul 1940||16 Mar 1941|
|T.V. Gino Andreani||16 Mar 1941||13 Jun 1942|
|T.V. Renato Scandola||14 Jun 1942||17 Jun 1942|
|C.C. Gino Andreani||17 Jun 1942||27 Jun 1942|
|T.V. Serafino Corio||28 Jun 1942||10 Jul 1942|
|C.C. Mario Tei||11 Jul 1942||14 Aug 1942|
|T.V. Guido Guidi||14 Aug 1942||13 Dec 1942|
|Date||Commander||Ship hit||Type||GRT||Nat.||Loss type|
|1.||28 Apr 1942||C.C. Gino Andreani||Dar El Salam||Fishing vessel||138||Sunk|
|2.||28 Apr 1942||C.C. Gino Andreani||Tunis||Fishing vessel||41||Sunk|
|3.||7 Jun 1942||C.C. Gino Andreani||Hadj Mohamed||Fishing vessel||26||Sunk|
Patrols and events
|Commander||Date||Time||Port||Arr. date||Arr. time||Arr. port||Miles||Description|
|Gatti, Alfredo||10 May 1940||Monfalcone||31 Jul 1940||Monfalcone||At Monfalcone under repairs. Change in command.|
|Albanese, Loris||5 Aug 1940||0900||Monfalcone||5 Aug 1940||1610||Monfalcone||63,5||Trials.|
|Albanese, Loris||7 Aug 1940||0915||Monfalcone||7 Aug 1940||1650||Pola||78||Passage Monfalcone-Pola and trials.|
|Albanese, Loris||10 Aug 1940||0800||Pola||10 Aug 1940||1945||Fiume||68||Passage Pola-Fiume and trials.|
|Albanese, Loris||15 Aug 1940||0725||Fiume||15 Aug 1940||1255||Pola||68||Passage Fiume-Pola.|
|Albanese, Loris||16 Aug 1940||0800||Pola||19 Aug 1940||1245||Trapani||836||Passage Pola-Trapani.|
|Albanese, Loris||28 Aug 1940||2118||Trapani||29 Aug 1940||1545||Messina||186||Passage Trapani-Messina.|
|1||Albanese, Loris||29 Aug 1940||1845||Messina||18 Sep 1940||1930||Tobruk||1595||Patrolled in the eastern Mediterranean between (1) 33°32' N, 24°28' E (2) 33°00' N, 25°06' E (3) 34°52' N, 26°06' E (4) 34°20' N, 26°40' E. Following a severe depth-charging, the submarine had to go to Tobruk for temporary repairs.|
|4 Sep 1940||1115|
(0) Approximately 60 miles south of Crete.
|At 1115 hours, Corallo was at a depth of 40 metres when she reported being attacked with fourteen bombs by an aircraft. She was undamaged, but went down to 70 metres to escape.|
|13 Sep 1940||0812|
(0) Approximately 60 miles south of Crete.
|At 0812 hours, Corallo was at a depth of 40 metres when she reported being attacked repeatedly by aircraft until 1640 hours. She was undamaged, but went down to 70-75 metres to escape.|
|17 Sep 1940||1830|
|33° 34'N, 25° 34'E||At 1750 hours, Corallo was steering 135° at a depth of 50 metres, when her hydrophones picked up noises.|
At 1800 hours, the submarine had come up to periscope depth to observe, at a distance of 7,000 metres, an aircraft carrier of the ILLUSTRIOUS class, a KENT class cruiser and seven destroyers steering 183°, 16 knots.
At 1830 hours, a pair of torpedoes (533mm, W - H type) were fired at 5-second interval from bow tubes, at range of 1,500 metres. The submarine went to a depth of 80 metres and stopped all engines. After 75 seconds, two explosions were heard, which were attributed more to depth-charges than torpedo hits. The submarine went further down, reaching a depth of 120 metres when 40 depth charges exploded, some very close. It was believed Corallo eventually reached a depth of over 140 metres. The precision of the counter-attack led C.C. Albanese to believe that the enemy destroyers were equipped with sonar.
These were indeed HMS Illustrious with the battleship HMS Valiant, the light cruisers HMS Liverpool and HMS Gloucester, escorted by five destroyers including HMS Hasty. HMS Kent had actually been torpedoed by an Italian bomber and was being escorted to Alexandria by another group of ships. The torpedoes had missed the destroyer HMS Hasty and she had immediately turned to the attack.
Corallo had been damaged by the depth-charges and began surfacing at about 2100 hours. By a freak accident, the air pressure forced the hatch opened at a depth of 10-15 metres, ejecting the First Officer T.V. Alfredo GATTI and he was never found. A rating shot himself after the depth-charging.
Perhaps unjustly, C.C. Albanese received a severe reprimand from Admiral Falangola (Head of MARICOSOM) for his actions during the severe depth charging, although his courage was never questioned.
|1b||Albanese, Loris||21 Sep 1940||1315||Tobruk||23 Sep 1940||0858||Tripoli||671||Passage Tobruk-Tripoli.|
|1c||Albanese, Loris||26 Sep 1940||1800||Tripoli||29 Sep 1940||0900||Messina||396||Passage Tripoli-Messina. Uneventful.|
|Albanese, Loris||28 Oct 1940||0845||Messina||28 Oct 1940||1645||Messina||Exercises?|
|Albanese, Loris||8 Nov 1940||0832||Messina||8 Nov 1940||1730||Messina||67||Exercises.|
|2||Albanese, Loris||9 Nov 1940||1530||Messina||13 Nov 1940||1530||Messina||568,5||Patrolled southeast of Malta on a line extended 20 miles NE and SW from 35°25' N, 15°45' E.|
|11 Nov 1940||0000|
(0) SE of Malta.
|At 0000 hours, two destroyers were sighted at a range of 6,000 metres, proceeding at 20 knots. Corallo could not get in favourable attack position and disengaged.|
|3||Albanese, Loris||16 Nov 1940||0930||Messina||19 Nov 1940||1740||Messina||523||Patrolled southeast of Malta within a radius of 20 miles from 35°20' N, 16° E (on a patrol line with Bandiera, 60 miles to the south). Uneventful.|
|3b||Albanese, Loris||19 Nov 1940||2100||Messina||23 Nov 1940||1340||Messina||470||Patrolled southeast of Malta within a radius of 20 miles from 35°20' N, 16° E (with Bandiera, 60 miles to the south). Uneventful.|
|Albanese, Loris||6 Dec 1940||1008||Messina||6 Dec 1940||1730||Messina||59||Trials.|
|Albanese, Loris||14 Dec 1940||0830||Messina||14 Dec 1940||1610||Messina||59,5||Trials.|
|Albanese, Loris||18 Dec 1940||1212||Messina||19 Dec 1940||1020||Naples||224||Passage Messina-Naples.|
|Albanese, Loris||10 Jan 1941||0815||Naples||10 Jan 1941||1430||Naples||33||Trials.|
|Albanese, Loris||12 Jan 1941||0800||Naples||12 Jan 1941||1300||Naples||25||Exercises.|
|Albanese, Loris||13 Jan 1941||0800||Naples||13 Jan 1941||1230||Naples||24||Exercises.|
|Albanese, Loris||14 Jan 1941||0812||Naples||15 Jan 1941||1450||Cagliari||272||Passage Naples-Cagliari.|
|4||Albanese, Loris||21 Jan 1941||0120||Cagliari||21 Jan 1941||2200||Cagliari||200||Sailed for patrol off Tunisian coast within a radius of 10 miles from 37°40' N, 10°00' E. Early return due to defects.|
|5||Albanese, Loris||1 Feb 1941||1330||Cagliari||5 Feb 1941||1640||Cagliari||456,5||Patrolled west of Sardinia between 37°25' N and 37°35' N, and between 05°50' E and 06°50' E. Uneventful, except for H.E.|
|6||Albanese, Loris||8 Feb 1941||2350||Cagliari||9 Feb 1941||1430||Cagliari||89||Sailed for patrol, but returned early because of defects. Albanese was reprimanded as it was felt that repairs could have been carried out at sea.|
|7||Albanese, Loris||15 Feb 1941||2130||Cagliari||18 Feb 1941||1245||Cagliari||331||Patrolled east of La Galite on a line extending 20 miles north of 37°30' N, 09°50' E. Uneventful. Heard only H.E. probably from a French convoy.|
|Albanese, Loris||14 Mar 1941||0800||Cagliari||14 Mar 1941||1250||Cagliari||29||Exercises.|
|Andreani, Gino||17 Mar 1941||0800||Cagliari||17 Mar 1941||1210||Cagliari||26||Exercises, escorted by the tug Varo.|
|Andreani, Gino||19 Mar 1941||0802||Cagliari||19 Mar 1941||1140||Cagliari||24||Exercises.|
|Andreani, Gino||22 Mar 1941||0800||Cagliari||22 Mar 1941||1210||Cagliari||19||Exercises, escorted by the minesweeper R.D.29.|
|Andreani, Gino||1 Apr 1941||1330||Cagliari||1 Apr 1941||1800||Cagliari||28||Exercises.|
|8||Andreani, Gino||3 Apr 1941||1250||Cagliari||9 Apr 1941||1645||Cagliari||629,5||Patrolled north of Tunisian coast on a a line NE/SW from 37°10' N, 08°10' E (with Turchese east of Galite Island). Sighted only French vessels.|
|Andreani, Gino||23 Apr 1941||0805||Cagliari||23 Apr 1941||1224||Cagliari||23,7||Exercises with the minesweeper R.D.29.|
|9||Andreani, Gino||8 May 1941||2217||Cagliari||12 May 1941||1105||Cagliari||360||Patrolled west of La Galite on a line extending 10 miles north and south from 37°40' N, 08°00' E, to intercept a force reported to have sailed from Gibraltar. Uneventful except for H.E. and distant explosions.|
|Andreani, Gino||14 May 1941||0804||Cagliari||14 May 1941||1200||Cagliari||31||Exercises with the minesweeper R.D.34.|
|Andreani, Gino||17 May 1941||0805||Cagliari||17 May 1941||1225||Cagliari||29||Exercises with the minesweeper R.D.34.|
|10||Andreani, Gino||21 May 1941||0445||Cagliari||23 May 1941||1040||Cagliari||283||Patrolled west of Galite Island on a line extending 10 miles and 10 miles south from 37°40' N, 08°00' E (patrol line with Diaspro east of Galite Island), to intercept Force H which was reported to have sailed from Gibraltar. Uneventful, heard only H.E.|
|Andreani, Gino||27 May 1941||0445||Cagliari||28 May 1941||1040||Naples||273||Passage Cagliari-Naples.|
|Andreani, Gino||2 Jun 1941||1425||Naples||2 Jun 1941||1830||Naples||28||Trials.|
|Andreani, Gino||5 Jun 1941||0930||Naples||6 Jun 1941||1307||Cagliari||275||Passage Naples-Cagliari.|
|11||Andreani, Gino||13 Jun 1941||2018||Cagliari||19 Jun 1941||0010||Cagliari||763||Operating against Force H in western Mediterranean on 37°54' N parallel between 06° and 08° E.|
|14 Jun 1941||1320|
(0) Western Med.
|At 1320 hours, fifteen planes flying in an easterly direction, were sighted at a distance of 4,000 metres. These were probably Hurricanes flown off from HMS Ark Royal and HMS Victorious for Malta (operation TRACER). Corallo reported the sighting.|
|12||Andreani, Gino||22 Jun 1941||0735||Cagliari||22 Jun 1941||1800||Cagliari||63||Hydrographic observation, escorted by the minesweeper R.D.41.|
|13||Andreani, Gino||2 Jul 1941||2124||Cagliari||12 Jul 1941||1120||Cagliari||1090||Patrolled in the western Mediterranean on a line extending 20 miles NE an SW of 37°50, 02°40' E (patrol line with Diaspro) to intercept an enemy force coming from Gibraltar.|
|4 Jul 1941||1610|
(0) Probably near Baleares.
|At 1610 hours, a submarine similar to Sirena, was sighted at a range of 6,000 metres [Admiral Falangola wrote in his assessment that the submarine was certainly enemy]. This may have been Diaspro, but she did not report any incident. This could not have been HMS P 33 proceeding from Gibraltar to Malta as she was already east of Sardinia at the time.|
|Andreani, Gino||16 Jul 1941||0732||Cagliari||17 Jul 1941||1320||Naples||273||Passage Cagliari-Naples.|
|Andreani, Gino||3 Sep 1941||0845||Naples||3 Sep 1941||1525||Naples||31||Trials.|
|Andreani, Gino||6 Sep 1941||0803||Naples||6 Sep 1941||1435||Naples||26||Trials.|
|Andreani, Gino||7 Sep 1941||0835||Naples||7 Sep 1941||1910||Naples||48||Trials.|
|Andreani, Gino||9 Sep 1941||0814||Naples||9 Sep 1941||1430||Naples||30||Exercises.|
|Andreani, Gino||10 Sep 1941||1906||Naples||11 Sep 1941||0035||Naples||27||Exercises.|
|Andreani, Gino||15 Sep 1941||0805||Naples||15 Sep 1941||1900||Naples||61||Exercises with the torpedo boat Cascino.|
|15 Sep 1941|
|At 1257 hours, the submarine HMS Unique (Lieutenant A.F. Collett, RN) had just come to periscope depth, when a submarine of the DURBO class was sighted bearing 310°, steering 185°, apparently exercising with a GENERALE class destroyer. This was almost certainly Corallo exercising at the time with the torpedo-boat Cascino.|
The British submarine was unable to gain an attacking position and was thwarted by the presence of the destroyer.
|Andreani, Gino||19 Sep 1941||0815||Naples||19 Sep 1941||1220||Naples||29||Exercises.|
|Andreani, Gino||29 Sep 1941||1013||Naples||29 Sep 1941||1800||Naples||32||Exercises.|
|14||Andreani, Gino||3 Oct 1941||1607||Naples||5 Oct 1941||1630||Naples||439||Sailed for patrol 33 miles north of Ras Zebib on a line 5 miles west from this point (on a barrage line with Ambra 13 miles north, and Ametista 33 miles north of the Cape) via the north coast of Sicily, but then recalled. Uneventful.|
|Andreani, Gino||15 Oct 1941||0815||Naples||15 Oct 1941||1507||Naples||30||Exercises.|
|Andreani, Gino||17 Oct 1941||0915||Naples||18 Oct 1941||1645||Augusta||292||Passage Naples-Augusta at 9.5 knots.|
|Andreani, Gino||23 Oct 1941||1315||Augusta||23 Oct 1941||1650||Augusta||18||Exercises.|
|Andreani, Gino||30 Oct 1941||0830||Augusta||30 Oct 1941||1200||Augusta||16,5||Exercises.|
|15||Andreani, Gino||1 Nov 1941||1030||Augusta||10 Nov 1941||1545||Augusta||947||Patrolled east of Linosa, between 35°40' N and 36°20' N, and between 13°00' E and 13°20' E. Did not sight any ship.|
|1 Nov 1941||1610|
(0) Off Porri Islet.
|At 1610 hours, two enemy fighters or recce aircraft were sighted, one of which made a motion to attack but then desisted. Corallo's gun crew remained at the ready to repel the attack and the submarine proceeded on the surface.|
|1 Nov 1941||1630-1643|
(0) Off Porri Islet.
|At 1630-1643 hours, a derelict mine was fired upon with 210 rounds of 13.2mm rounds but without being able to sink it.|
|10 Nov 1941||0805|
(0) Near Ragusa.
|At 0805 hours, a derelict mine was fired upon, Some 150 rounds of 13.2mm rounds and 150 rounds of 6.5mm were expended and it sank without exploding.|
|Andreani, Gino||20 Nov 1941||1458||Augusta||20 Nov 1941||1706||Augusta||20||Exercises.|
|Andreani, Gino||25 Nov 1941||0854||Augusta||25 Nov 1941||1700||Messina||74||Passage Augusta-Messina.|
|16||Andreani, Gino||26 Nov 1941||0125||Messina||4 Dec 1941||1750||Messina||924,8||Patrolled east of Malta, between 35°10' N and 35°50' N, and between 16°20' E and 16°40' E. Uneventful.|
|Andreani, Gino||19 Dec 1941||0900||Messina||19 Dec 1941||1130||Messina||11||Trials, escorted by the auxiliary Diversi.|
|Andreani, Gino||12 Jan 1942||0915||Messina||12 Jan 1942||1145||Messina||13,5||Exercises, escorted by the auxiliary Diversi.|
|Andreani, Gino||17 Jan 1942||1305||Messina||17 Jan 1942||1825||Messina||39,5||Exercises.|
|17||Andreani, Gino||21 Jan 1942||1407||Messina||29 Jan 1942||1115||Augusta||896||Sailed with the submarine Platino for a patrol off Malta between 34°00' N and 34°20' N, and between 15°40' E and 16°00' E. On 26th January, she was ordered to an area between 34°40' N and 35°00' N, and between 14°20' E and 14°40' E. Patrol lines with Platino to protect Italian convoys and intercept enemy traffic. Uneventful.|
|Andreani, Gino||4 Feb 1942||0900||Augusta||4 Feb 1942||1740||Messina||70||Passage Augusta-Messina.|
|Andreani, Gino||25 Feb 1942||1612||Messina||25 Feb 1942||1901||Messina||15||Exercises, escorted by the auxiliary Castiglia.|
|Andreani, Gino||26 Feb 1942||1510||Messina||26 Feb 1942||1730||Messina||15||Exercises.|
|Andreani, Gino||1 Mar 1942||0850||Messina||1 Mar 1942||1230||Messina||24||Trials, escorted by the auxiliary Marras.|
|Andreani, Gino||2 Mar 1942||1000||Messina||2 Mar 1942||1740||Augusta||72||Passage Messina-Augusta.|
|18||Andreani, Gino||4 Mar 1942||1755||Augusta||14 Mar 1942||1000||Augusta||1068||Patrolled south of Malta between 34°40' N and 35°00' N, and between 14°20' E and 14°40' E. Uneventful. Heard only distant explosions.|
|Andreani, Gino||15 Apr 1942||0405||Augusta||16 Apr 1942||1000||Trapani||282||Passage Augusta-Trapani.|
|Andreani, Gino||20 Apr 1942||0805||Trapani||20 Apr 1942||1210||Trapani||24||Exercises.|
|19||Andreani, Gino||20 Apr 1942||1555||Trapani||5 May 1942||1012||Trapani||792,5||Sailed with the submarine Onice, escorted by the torpedo boat Cigno until 2320 hours on the 20th, to patrol from 35°53' N to 36°57' N on meridian 11°12' E, off Cape Bon or zone K, to attack traffic to Malta. On 22nd April, attempted to communicate underwater with Onice, but without result.|
|23 Apr 1942||0952|
(0) Off Cape Bon.
|At 0952 hours, the French steamer Liberia, escorted by the minesweeper Héron, was sighted on a southerly course.|
|26 Apr 1942||1105|
(0) Off Cape Bon.
|At 1105 hours, the French minesweeper Héron was sighted at a distance of 4,000 metres for the second time in four days.|
|28 Apr 1942||0212-0320||37° 01'N, 11° 09'E||At 0212 hours, the Tunisian schooner Dar El Salam (A.D. 293, 138.33 GRT), on passage from Djerba to Bone, was stopped with a burst of machine gun fire. The crew of seven Tunisian nationals was ordered to abandon ship and were rescued. The vessel was sunk with fifteen 100mm rounds.|
|28 Apr 1942||0345-0400||37° 01'N, 11° 09'E||At 0345 hours, the Tunisian fishing vessel Tunis (41 GRT) was stopped with a burst of machine gun fire. The crew of six were ordered to abandon ship and were rescued. The vessel was sunk with a single 100mm round.|
|30 Apr 1942||1825|
(0) Near Cape Bon.
|At 1825 hours, the Italian ship Apollo (3,177 GRT, built 1905) escorted by an aircraft were sighted.|
|Andreani, Gino||22 May 1942||1339||Trapani||22 May 1942||1637||Trapani||21,5||Trials.|
|20||Andreani, Gino||24 May 1942||2350||Trapani||10 Jun 1942||0030||Trapani||1484||Patrolled near Galite Island between 37°20' N and 37°45' E, and 09°00' E and 09°40' E. Sighted several Italian and French ships.|
|7 Jun 1942||0200-0345||37° 24'N, 9° 10'E||At 0145 hours, a faint light was sighted. At 0200 hours, it was identified as a schooner. She was ordered to bring her papers to the submarine. |
This was the Tunisiam motor vessel Hadj Mohamed (26 GRT) on passage Bizerta-Bone.
As the vessel was navigating in a forbidden zone and without regulation lights, she was sunk with seventeen rounds of gunfire after the crew of six was taken on board the submarine.
|21||Scandola, Renato||14 Jun 1942||1755||Trapani||17 Jun 1942||1150||Trapani||318||Patrolled west of Malta between 36°20' N and 36°40' N, and between 12°20' E and 13°40' E, to intercept an enemy convoy. Uneventful. Heard only H.E. and distant explosions.|
|Andreani, Gino||19 Jun 1942||1800||Trapani||20 Jun 1942||1920||Messina||197||Passage Trapani-Messina.|
|Andreani, Gino||22 Jun 1942||0935||Messina||23 Jun 1942||0550||Naples||184,5||Passage Messina-Naples.|
|Corio, Serafino||28 Jun 1942||Naples||10 Jul 1942||Naples||At Naples. Change in command.|
|Tei, Mario||11 Jul 1942||Naples||14 Aug 1942||Naples||At Naples. Change in command.|
|Guidi, Guido||27 Aug 1942||0930||Naples||27 Aug 1942||1800?||Naples||31||Trials.|
|Guidi, Guido||28 Aug 1942||1500||Naples||28 Aug 1942||1930||Naples||9||Trials.|
|Guidi, Guido||31 Aug 1942||1400||Naples||31 Aug 1942||2330||Naples||32||Trials.|
|Guidi, Guido||1 Sep 1942||0835||Naples||1 Sep 1942||1730||Naples||32||Trials and exercises.|
|Guidi, Guido||3 Sep 1942||2240||Naples||5 Sep 1942||1135||La Spezia||333||Passage Naples-La Spezia.|
|Guidi, Guido||9 Sep 1942||0840||La Spezia||9 Sep 1942||2110||La Spezia||32||Exercises.|
|Guidi, Guido||10 Sep 1942||0806||La Spezia||10 Sep 1942||1713||La Spezia||55||Exercises.|
|Guidi, Guido||12 Sep 1942||0825||La Spezia||12 Sep 1942||1410||La Spezia||31||Exercises.|
|Guidi, Guido||15 Sep 1942||1230||La Spezia||17 Sep 1942||0915||Trapani||402||Passage La Spezia-Trapani.|
|Guidi, Guido||19 Sep 1942||0815||Trapani||19 Sep 1942||1400||Trapani||28||Exercises, escorted by the minesweeper R.D.40.|
|Guidi, Guido||23 Sep 1942||0815||Trapani||23 Sep 1942||1300||Trapani||19||Exercises.|
|Guidi, Guido||3 Oct 1942||1410||Trapani||3 Oct 1942||1845||Trapani||25||Exercises.|
|Guidi, Guido||14 Oct 1942||1425||Trapani||14 Oct 1942||1950||Trapani||26,5||Exercises.|
|22||Guidi, Guido||19 Oct 1942||1325||Trapani||2 Nov 1942||0050||Trapani||1996||Sailed with the submarine Turchese and patrolled in the western Mediterranean, east of Gibraltar, between 38°10' N and 38°40' N, and between 02°20' E and 02°40' E. On 25th October 1942, she was ordered to an area between 38°40' N and 39°00' N, and between 00°20' E and 00°40' E. Sighted several neutral ships.|
|19 Oct 1942||1555|
(0) 325° - Cape Grosso di Levanzo - 1 mile.
|At 1555 hours, a derelict mine was sighted at 400 metres and destroyed by machine gun fire.|
|21 Oct 1942||0140||At 0040 hours, a shadow was sighted under the moonlight path. It was sighted again at 0140 hours and believed to be the submarine Turchese steering 270°. She was sighted again at 0250 hours.|
|21 Oct 1942||1050||37° 33'N, 5° 04'E||At 1000 hours, a vessel was sighted steering south. At 1050 hours, it was identified as the French Djebel Aurès (2,835 GRT, built 1929) steering 175°.|
|22 Oct 1942||1255||At 1245 hours, the hydrophones picked up the noises of a vessel.|
At 1255 hours, the vessel was sighted at a distance of 10,000 metres and at 1350 hours, she was recognised as an Italian hospital ship of the SATURNIA class.
|23 Oct 1942||0415-0442||At 0415 hours, an illuminated vessel was sighted and, at 0442 hours, a second similar vessel was sighted. It was believed to be the Italian liners Giulio Cesare (21,900 GRT, built 1921) and Duilio (23,635 GRT, built 1934). They had been given a safe conduct to go to Gibraltar for the repatriation of Italians colonists from East Africa.|
|23||Guidi, Guido||7 Nov 1942||0125||Trapani||14 Nov 1942||1845||Trapani||851||Sailed for a patrol in western Mediterranean between 37°20' N and 37°40' N, and between 06°40' E and 09°55' E. At 1615 hours on the 8th, she was ordered to proceed to an area between 37°00' N and 37°20' N, and between 08°00' E and 08°20' E. At 2215 hours on the 8th, she received new orders to proceed to area between 37°00' N and 37°20' N, and between 06°20' E and 06°40' E, then to position 38°06' N, 07°40' E. On 10th November, she carried out a reconnaissance of Philippeville.|
|8 Nov 1942||1615||At 1615 hours, the submarine was ordered to proceed to an area between 37°00' N and 37°20' N, and between 08°00' E and 08°20' E.|
At 1645 hours, Corallo proceeded to the new area.
|8 Nov 1942||1930||At 1930 hours, two aircraft were sighted at a distance of 2,000 metres.|
|8 Nov 1942||2215||At 2215 hours, the submarine received new orders to go to an area between 37°00 and 37°20 N and 06°20 E and 06°40 E. Corallo altered course to the new area.|
|9 Nov 1942||0703||At 0703 hours, a ship, believed to be French, was sighted at a distance too far to be identified.|
|10 Nov 1942||0120||37° 17'N, 7° 07'E||At 0120 hours, a submarine was sighted that appeared of the MARCELLO class. Corallo turned away to avoid a being the target of a torpedo attack and manned her machine guns (the deck gun could not be manned on account of the heavy seas) then dived.|
At 0408 hours, the submarine explored the port of Philippeville but sighted nothing.
At 1945 hours, the submarine was informed that French traffic on the North African coast had been suspended.
|12 Nov 1942||1305||At 1305 hours, an aircraft was seen and the submarine dived.|
|12 Nov 1942||1420||At 1420 hours, an aircraft was seen from periscope depth and the submarine went deep.|
|13 Nov 1942||0735||At 0735 hours. Corallo was returning to Trapani when the submarine Avorio was encountered and recognition signals exchanged.|
|13 Nov 1942||1951||38° 10'N, 10° 30'E||Corallo had been asked by MARICOSOM (1715/13) to report her position and replied she was in 38°10' N, 10°30' E.|
At 2010 hours, she received a signal (1855/13) that an enemy submarine had been sighted in 38°00' N/38°06' N and 11°50' E/12°00' E [this was HMS Parthian who had carried out an unsuccessful attack on the steamer Sivigliano].
At 2204 hours, a signal from MARICOSM (2025/13) was received, informing her of a possible encounter with the submarine Diaspro.
At 2207 hours, a signal from MARICOSM (2020/13) was received, ordering her to stay west of 10°40' E and north of 38°00' N.
|14 Nov 1942||0700||At 0700 hours, the submarine Diaspro was encountered and recognition signals were exchanged.|
|14 Nov 1942||1138||At 0833 hours, information was received that the transport Brindisi and four destroyers could be encountered.|
At 1138 hours, the four destroyers were seen. Corallo altered course to avoid being seen.
|Guidi, Guido||15 Nov 1942||1802||Trapani||16 Nov 1942||2032||Naples||216||Passage Trapani-Naples.|
|Guidi, Guido||24 Nov 1942||0802||Naples||24 Nov 1942||1345||Naples||38||Exercises.|
|Guidi, Guido||25 Nov 1942||1507||Naples||27 Nov 1942||0947||La Maddalena||229||Passage Naples-La Maddalena.|
|Guidi, Guido||30 Nov 1942||1415||La Maddalena||30 Nov 1942||1621||La Maddalena||10,5||Trials.|
|24||Guidi, Guido||2 Dec 1942||0428||La Maddalena||4 Dec 1942||0330||La Maddalena||279||Defensive patrol off Ajaccio (41°40' N, 08°20' E and 49°55' N (sic, 41°55 N?) and Corsican coast. Uneventful.|
|Guidi, Guido||6 Dec 1942||1810||La Maddalena||7 Dec 1942||1510||Cagliari||150||Passage La Maddalena-Cagliari.|
|25||Guidi, Guido||10 Dec 1942||1735||Cagliari||13 Dec 1942||Night 12/13||Sunk with all hands||720||Sailed with submarine Argento for patrol between 37°00' N and 37°20' N, and between 08°00' E and 08°20' E. She was to explore the Bay of Bougie on 13th December and return to her original area (ca. 14th December). On 18th December, ordered to Italian Grid 7983, off Cape du Fer (zone A and B). Was ordered back on 23rd December, but failed to answer. Depth-charged then rammed by HMS Enchantress, in 36°58' N, 05°07' E (off Bougie). No survivors (six officers and forty-five ratings lost).|
|11 Dec 1942||0220||38° 10'N, 8° 45'E|
(0) 345° - La Galite - 39 miles or Italian Grid 4782/3.
|At 0220 hours, a cruiser and two destroyers were sighted steering 240°, 25 knots. Corallo was unable to attack them.|
|13 Dec 1942|
|At 0500A hours, the sloop HMS Enchantress, sighted three torpedoes on the port bow and she turned to port to comb the tracks. She had been escorting convoy E.T.5.P. with the Canadian corvette HMCS Baddeck. The torpedoes missed astern, the nearest by only 6 feet!|
The attack had been made by Corallo.
At the same time, HMS Enchantress was turning, a radar contact was made at 1,000 yards. It was from a U-boat surfacing. Corallo was moving away at 10 knots and fired two stern torpedoes. They also missed by less than 10 feet.
At 0504 hours, HMS Enchantress had increased speed and rammed the submarine. She also dropped a depth charge set at depth of 50 feet. Corallo appeared to have gone deep.
At 0506 hours, a second run was made with six depth charges set at depths of 350 and 550 feet. At 0525 hours, this was followed by another pattern of 7 depth charges at the same depths and a final one at 0538 hours with 3 depth charges at 550 feet.
An unexplained explosion had been heard and felt at 0529 hours. It is believed that Corallo was lost in this attack, as she disappeared with all hands. T.V. Guido Guidi, five officers and forty-five ratings perished.
126 entries. 103 total patrol entries (25 marked as war patrols) and 34 events.