Italian submarines in World War Two

Italian Commanders


Loris Albanese

Born  17 Dec 1907Giuncarico (Grossetto)

Ranks

  T.V.Tenente di Vascello
  C.C.Capitano di Corvetta

Decorations

Career information

H.4 (T.V. C.O.): from 24.05.1940 to 29.07.1940.
H.2 (T.V. resp.): from 25.04.1940 to 30.06.1940.
CORALLO (T.V. C.O.): from 31.07.1940 to 16.03.1941.
Promoted to C.C. in July 1940.
GIOVANNI DA PROCIDA (C.C. C.O.): from 19.03.1941 to 10.08.1941.
ONICE (C.C. C.O.): from 10.08.1941 to 10.12.1941.
SERPENTE (C.C. resp.): from 01.03.1942 to 31.03.1942 (reserve at Brindisi).
FILIPPO CORRIDONI (C.C. C.O.): from 04.02.1942 to 08.04.1942.
MARCANTONIO BRAGADINO (C.C. C.O.): from 05.02.1942 to 07.04.1942.
GIOVANNI DA PROCIDA (C.C. resp.): from 01.04.1942 to 20.05.1942 (not operational at Taranto).
PIETRO MICCA (C.C. resp.): from 08.4.1942 to 23.04.1942 (refit at Taranto).
RUGGIERO SETTIMO (C.C. resp.): from 08.04.1942 to 22.05.1942 (refit at Taranto).
TITO SPERI (C.C. resp.): from 09.04.1942 to 22.05.1942 (reserve at Taranto).
LUIGI SETTEMBRINI (C.C. resp.): from 23.04.1942 to 22.05.1942 (reserve at Taranto).

Commands listed for Loris Albanese


Submarine Type Rank From To
H 2 (H2)CoastalT.V.25 Apr 194030 Jun 1940
H 4 (H4)CoastalT.V.24 May 194029 Jul 1940
Corallo (CO)Coastal / Sea goingC.C.31 Jul 194016 Mar 1941
Giovanni da Procida (DP)Ocean goingC.C.19 Mar 194110 Aug 1941
Onice (OC)Coastal / Sea goingC.C.10 Aug 194110 Dec 1941
Serpente (ex-Nautilus) (SE)Coastal / Sea goingC.C.1 Mar 194231 Mar 1942
Marcantonio Bragadino (BG)MinelayingC.C.5 Feb 19427 Apr 1942
Filippo Corridoni (CR)MinelayingC.C.4 Feb 19428 Apr 1942
Pietro Micca (MC)MinelayingC.C.8 Apr 194223 Apr 1942
Giovanni da Procida (DP)Ocean goingC.C.1 Apr 194220 May 1942
Ruggiero Settimo (RS)Ocean goingC.C.8 Apr 194222 May 1942
Tito Speri (TS)Ocean goingC.C.9 Apr 194222 May 1942

War patrols listed for Loris Albanese

 SubmarineDateTimePortArr. dateArr. timeArr. portMilesDescription
1.H 4 (H4)9 Jun 19402300La Spezia14 Jun 19400730La Spezia382Patrolled off Imperia.

H 2 (H2)10 Jun 1940La Spezia10 Jun 1940La SpeziaAt La Spezia. T.V. Albanese was responsible only, he had the command of H.4.

H 4 (H4)20 Jun 19402355La Spezia21 Jun 19400800Savona70Passage La Spezia-Savona with submarine Gondar.

2.H 4 (H4)22 Jun 19401727Savona25 Jun 19401935Savona361Patrolled south and west of Gulf of Genoa. Interrupted by electric motor defects.

H 2 (H2)26 Jun 19400800La Spezia26 Jun 19401430La Spezia45Exercises.

H 4 (H4)26 Jun 19401236Savona26 Jun 19402030La Spezia71Passage Savona-La Spezia.

H 2 (H2)28 Jun 19401500La Spezia28 Jun 19401700La Spezia4Exercises.

H 2 (H2)29 Jun 19400830La Spezia29 Jun 19401100La Spezia4Exercises.

3.H 4 (H4)5 Jul 19402200La Spezia10 Jul 19400830La Spezia449,5Patrolled off Cape Noli north of 44°00'N between 09°00'E and 09°30'E (Gulf of Genoa).

H 4 (H4)27 Jul 19400930La Spezia27 Jul 19401545La Spezia43Exercises with the submarine Enrico Tazzoli, 3.5 miles south of Moneglia.

Corallo (CO)5 Aug 19400900Monfalcone5 Aug 19401610Monfalcone63,5Trials.

Corallo (CO)7 Aug 19400915Monfalcone7 Aug 19401650Pola78Passage Monfalcone-Pola and trials.

Corallo (CO)10 Aug 19400800Pola10 Aug 19401945Fiume68Passage Pola-Fiume and trials.

Corallo (CO)15 Aug 19400725Fiume15 Aug 19401255Pola68Passage Fiume-Pola.

Corallo (CO)16 Aug 19400800Pola19 Aug 19401245Trapani836Passage Pola-Trapani.

Corallo (CO)28 Aug 19402118Trapani29 Aug 19401545Messina186Passage Trapani-Messina.

4.Corallo (CO)29 Aug 19401845Messina18 Sep 19401930Tobruk1595Patrolled in the eastern Mediterranean between (1) 33°32' N, 24°28' E (2) 33°00' N, 25°06' E (3) 34°52' N, 26°06' E (4) 34°20' N, 26°40' E. Following a severe depth-charging, the submarine had to go to Tobruk for temporary repairs.
  4 Sep 19401115
(0) Approximately 60 miles south of Crete.
At 1115 hours, Corallo was at a depth of 40 metres when she reported being attacked with fourteen bombs by an aircraft. She was undamaged, but went down to 70 metres to escape.
  13 Sep 19400812
(0) Approximately 60 miles south of Crete.
At 0812 hours, Corallo was at a depth of 40 metres when she reported being attacked repeatedly by aircraft until 1640 hours. She was undamaged, but went down to 70-75 metres to escape.
  17 Sep 19401830
1940 (e)
33° 34'N, 25° 34'EAt 1750 hours, Corallo was steering 135° at a depth of 50 metres, when her hydrophones picked up noises.

At 1800 hours, the submarine had come up to periscope depth to observe, at a distance of 7,000 metres, an aircraft carrier of the ILLUSTRIOUS class, a KENT class cruiser and seven destroyers steering 183°, 16 knots.

At 1830 hours, a pair of torpedoes (533mm, W - H type) were fired at 5-second interval from bow tubes, at range of 1,500 metres. The submarine went to a depth of 80 metres and stopped all engines. After 75 seconds, two explosions were heard, which were attributed more to depth-charges than torpedo hits. The submarine went further down, reaching a depth of 120 metres when 40 depth charges exploded, some very close. It was believed Corallo eventually reached a depth of over 140 metres. The precision of the counter-attack led C.C. Albanese to believe that the enemy destroyers were equipped with sonar.

These were indeed HMS Illustrious with the battleship HMS Valiant, the light cruisers HMS Liverpool and HMS Gloucester, escorted by five destroyers including HMS Hasty. HMS Kent had actually been torpedoed by an Italian bomber and was being escorted to Alexandria by another group of ships. The torpedoes had missed the destroyer HMS Hasty and she had immediately turned to the attack.

Corallo had been damaged by the depth-charges and began surfacing at about 2100 hours. By a freak accident, the air pressure forced the hatch opened at a depth of 10-15 metres, ejecting the First Officer T.V. Alfredo GATTI and he was never found. A rating shot himself after the depth-charging.

Perhaps unjustly, C.C. Albanese received a severe reprimand from Admiral Falangola (Head of MARICOSOM) for his actions during the severe depth charging, although his courage was never questioned.

5.Corallo (CO)21 Sep 19401315Tobruk23 Sep 19400858Tripoli671Passage Tobruk-Tripoli.

6.Corallo (CO)26 Sep 19401800Tripoli29 Sep 19400900Messina396Passage Tripoli-Messina. Uneventful.

Corallo (CO)28 Oct 19400845Messina28 Oct 19401645MessinaExercises?

Corallo (CO)8 Nov 19400832Messina8 Nov 19401730Messina67Exercises.

7.Corallo (CO)9 Nov 19401530Messina13 Nov 19401530Messina568,5Patrolled southeast of Malta on a line extended 20 miles NE and SW from 35°25' N, 15°45' E.
  11 Nov 19400000
(0) SE of Malta.
At 0000 hours, two destroyers were sighted at a range of 6,000 metres, proceeding at 20 knots. Corallo could not get in favourable attack position and disengaged.

8.Corallo (CO)16 Nov 19400930Messina19 Nov 19401740Messina523Patrolled southeast of Malta within a radius of 20 miles from 35°20' N, 16° E (on a patrol line with Bandiera, 60 miles to the south). Uneventful.

9.Corallo (CO)19 Nov 19402100Messina23 Nov 19401340Messina470Patrolled southeast of Malta within a radius of 20 miles from 35°20' N, 16° E (with Bandiera, 60 miles to the south). Uneventful.

Corallo (CO)6 Dec 19401008Messina6 Dec 19401730Messina59Trials.

Corallo (CO)14 Dec 19400830Messina14 Dec 19401610Messina59,5Trials.

Corallo (CO)18 Dec 19401212Messina19 Dec 19401020Naples224Passage Messina-Naples.

Corallo (CO)10 Jan 19410815Naples10 Jan 19411430Naples33Trials.

Corallo (CO)12 Jan 19410800Naples12 Jan 19411300Naples25Exercises.

Corallo (CO)13 Jan 19410800Naples13 Jan 19411230Naples24Exercises.

Corallo (CO)14 Jan 19410812Naples15 Jan 19411450Cagliari272Passage Naples-Cagliari.

10.Corallo (CO)21 Jan 19410120Cagliari21 Jan 19412200Cagliari200Sailed for patrol off Tunisian coast within a radius of 10 miles from 37°40' N, 10°00' E. Early return due to defects.

11.Corallo (CO)1 Feb 19411330Cagliari5 Feb 19411640Cagliari456,5Patrolled west of Sardinia between 37°25' N and 37°35' N, and between 05°50' E and 06°50' E. Uneventful, except for H.E.

12.Corallo (CO)8 Feb 19412350Cagliari9 Feb 19411430Cagliari89Sailed for patrol, but returned early because of defects. Albanese was reprimanded as it was felt that repairs could have been carried out at sea.

13.Corallo (CO)15 Feb 19412130Cagliari18 Feb 19411245Cagliari331Patrolled east of La Galite on a line extending 20 miles north of 37°30' N, 09°50' E. Uneventful. Heard only H.E. probably from a French convoy.

Corallo (CO)14 Mar 19410800Cagliari14 Mar 19411250Cagliari29Exercises.

Giovanni da Procida (DP)21 Mar 19410750Taranto21 Mar 19411430Taranto36Exercises, escorted by the pilot vessel Limbara.

Giovanni da Procida (DP)23 Mar 19411240Taranto26 Mar 19411045La Spezia732Passage Taranto-La Spezia. Uneventful.

Giovanni da Procida (DP)29 Mar 19410848La Spezia29 Mar 19411010La Spezia6,7Trials.

14.Giovanni da Procida (DP)3 Apr 19411338La Spezia5 Apr 19410800La Spezia236,8Defensive patrol in Ligurian Gulf starting from 44°05'N, 09°00'E, moving south for 20 miles then a further 20 miles on course 220°. Uneventful.

15.Giovanni da Procida (DP)5 Apr 19412105La Spezia9 Apr 19410738La Spezia473,1Defensive patrol in Ligurian Gulf. Uneventful.

Giovanni da Procida (DP)9 Apr 19411700La Spezia9 Apr 19411730La Spezia0,5Entered dock?

Giovanni da Procida (DP)20 Apr 19411700La Spezia20 Apr 19411730La Spezia0,6Left dock?

Giovanni da Procida (DP)23 Apr 19411100La Spezia23 Apr 19411130La Spezia0,5Entered dock?

Giovanni da Procida (DP)24 Apr 19411720La Spezia24 Apr 19411830La Spezia2Left dock?

Giovanni da Procida (DP)26 Apr 19411318La Spezia26 Apr 19411710La Spezia19,5Trials.

16.Giovanni da Procida (DP)26 Apr 19411843La Spezia28 Apr 19410112GenoaSailed for patrol Gulf of Genoa. On a line beginning with submarine Colonna in 44°05'N, 08°40'E and with Da Procida and Ametista respectively 12 and 24 miles east from this point. On hydrophone watch in anticipation of an important naval force from Gibraltar. Uneventful.

Giovanni da Procida (DP)29 Apr 19411157Genoa29 Apr 19411700La Spezia49,5Passage Genoa-La Spezia.

Giovanni da Procida (DP)29 Apr 19411222Genoa29 Apr 19411700La Spezia291,9Passage Genoa-La Spezia (mileage from 1843 hours on the 26th).

Giovanni da Procida (DP)17 May 19410801La Spezia17 May 19411600La Spezia38,3Exercises.

Giovanni da Procida (DP)3 Jun 19411113La Spezia3 Jun 19411147La Spezia0,5Entered dock?

Giovanni da Procida (DP)4 Jun 19410853La Spezia4 Jun 19410920La Spezia0,6Left dock?

17.Giovanni da Procida (DP)6 Jun 19411837La Spezia8 Jun 19410010La Spezia205,7Patrolled in 44°00'N, 08°40'E on a defensive line with the submarines H.1 and H.6. Uneventful.

18.Giovanni da Procida (DP)14 Jun 19412010La Spezia16 Jun 19410745La Spezia226,7On a patrol line in 43°40'N, 08°23'E with Colonna, H.6 and H.4. Uneventful.

Giovanni da Procida (DP)24 Jun 19410837La Spezia24 Jun 19411520La Spezia38Exercises.

Giovanni da Procida (DP)27 Jun 19410806La Spezia27 Jun 19411305La Spezia33Exercises.

Giovanni da Procida (DP)28 Jun 19410805La Spezia28 Jun 19411315La Spezia28,5Exercises then refit until September 1941.

Onice (OC)15 Aug 19410720La Spezia15 Aug 19412035La Spezia52Trials.

Onice (OC)19 Aug 19410725La Spezia19 Aug 19411600La Spezia44Trials.

Onice (OC)22 Aug 19411335La Spezia22 Aug 19411740La Spezia22Trials.

Onice (OC)23 Aug 19410535La Spezia23 Aug 19411300La Spezia51,5Trials.

19.Onice (OC)24 Aug 19410320La Spezia27 Aug 19410650La Spezia328Patrolled on line 279° - 8 miles from 44°05'N, 09°26'E. This was following a report of a strong naval force sailing from Gibraltar. Uneventful.

Onice (OC)5 Sep 19411220La Spezia5 Sep 19411530La Spezia16Exercises, escorted by the torpedo boat Carini and the auxiliary Torre Annunziata.

Onice (OC)7 Sep 19411310La Spezia7 Sep 19411630La Spezia13,3Exercises.

Onice (OC)9 Sep 19411930La Spezia9 Sep 19412315La Spezia19Exercises.

Onice (OC)11 Sep 19410600La Spezia13 Sep 19411500Messina555,5Passage La Spezia-Messina. Uneventful.

Onice (OC)15 Sep 19412000Messina18 Sep 19411700Benghazi450Passage Messina-Benghazi to operate there on anti-submarine duty (British Intelligence reported this as Operation B).
  17 Sep 1941165834° 25'N, 18° 14'EAt 1658 hours, a convoy of three steamers, escorted by four destroyers, was sighted at a distance of 16,000 metres, steering 240-250° at 12 knots.

Onice submerged to try an attack, but was depth charged by a destroyer from 1705 to 1734 hours. Twenty-five depth-charge explosions were counted, but they were distant.

20.Onice (OC)18 Sep 19411900Benghazi19 Sep 19410700Benghazi23Antisubmarine patrol in 023° - Benghazi Light - 18 miles. Uneventful. The first of 25 one-night patrols carried out of Benghazi. Thirteen were passive (lying off Benghazi. listening to her hydrophones), four were search patrols carried out with submarine chasers (Zuri, Selve and Zirona), two were search patrols with torpedo boats and six were search patrols carried out independently.

21.Onice (OC)19 Sep 19411900Benghazi20 Sep 19410700Benghazi32Antisubmarine patrol in 240° - Benghazi Light - 18 miles with submarine chasers Zirona and Zuri. Uneventful. British Intelligence was aware, through ULTRA, that an unidentified submarine was patrolling 12 miles north of Benghazi.

22.Onice (OC)20 Sep 19411845Benghazi21 Sep 19411050Benghazi25,2Antisubmarine patrol in 023° - Benghazi Light - 18 miles.

23.Onice (OC)21 Sep 19412020Benghazi22 Sep 19410645Benghazi30Antisubmarine patrol in 016° - Benghazi Light - 23 miles with submarine chasers Selve and Zuri.

24.Onice (OC)22 Sep 19411900Benghazi23 Sep 19410700Benghazi24Antisubmarine patrol in 016° - Benghazi Light - 23 miles from Benghazi Light. Uneventful.

25.Onice (OC)23 Sep 19411850Benghazi24 Sep 19410820Benghazi32Antisubmarine patrol in 016° - Benghazi Light - 23 miles with submarine chasers Selve and Zirona. Uneventful.

26.Onice (OC)24 Sep 19411845Benghazi25 Sep 19410800Benghazi28Antisubmarine patrol in 311° - Benghazi Light - 14 miles with submarine chasers Zuri and Zirona.
  25 Sep 1941004532° 25'N, 19° 45'EAt 0045 hours, a suspect shadow was sighted on the port bow. As the submarine chasers Zuri and Zirona were known to be astern. Onice submerged to get contact with the hydrophones and be in a better position for an attack. The hydrophones picked up the contact for the next hour or so. At 0204 hours, Onice made a signal to the submarine chasers. At 0240 hours, two torpedo boats were seen proceeding toward the trio. These were the torpedo boats Orione and Centauro escorting the freighters Capo Faro and Iseo. They arrived at Benghazi at 0620 hours.

This was almost certainly HMS Thrasher who attacked the convoy at 0202 hours. Her attack was unobserved.

27.Onice (OC)25 Sep 19411851Benghazi26 Sep 19410645Benghazi24,5Antisubmarine patrol in 310° - Benghazi Light - 17.5 miles.
  25 Sep 1941004532° 25'N, 19° 45'EAt 0045 hours, a suspect shadow was sighted on the port bow. As the submarine chasers Zuri and Zirona were known to be astern. Onice submerged to get contact with the hydrophones and be in a better position for an attack. The hydrophones picked up the contact for the next hour or so. At 0204 hours, Onice made a signal to the submarine chasers. At 0240 hours, two torpedo boats were seen proceeding toward the trio. These were the torpedo boats Orione and Centauro escorting the freighters Capo Faro and Iseo. They arrived at Benghazi at 0620 hours.

This was almost certainly HMS Thrasher who attacked the convoy at 0202 hours. Her attack was unobserved.

28.Onice (OC)26 Sep 19411900Benghazi27 Sep 19410630Benghazi30Antisubmarine patrol in 028° - Benghazi Light - 18 miles. Uneventful.

29.Onice (OC)27 Sep 19411850Benghazi28 Sep 19410615Benghazi30Antisubmarine patrol in 310° - Benghazi Light - 8 miles. Uneventful.

30.Onice (OC)28 Sep 19411835Benghazi29 Sep 19410810Benghazi37Antisubmarine patrol in 290° - Benghazi Light - 21 miles with torpedo boats Partenope and Centauro. Uneventful.

31.Onice (OC)29 Sep 19411840Benghazi30 Sep 19410736Benghazi35Antisubmarine patrol in 028° - Benghazi Light - 18 miles. Uneventful.

32.Onice (OC)30 Sep 19411840Benghazi1 Oct 19410700Benghazi36Antisubmarine patrol in 231° - Benghazi Light - 11 miles. Uneventful.

33.Onice (OC)1 Oct 19411830Benghazi2 Oct 19410755Benghazi72Antisubmarine patrol in area within 20 miles of position 311° - Benghazi Light - 25 miles with submarine chasers Zuri and Selve. This was to clear the area of enemy submarines in prevision of the arrival of a convoy escorted by the torpedo boats Pegaso and Calliope. Uneventful.

34.Onice (OC)2 Oct 19411824Benghazi3 Oct 19410707Benghazi38,5Antisubmarine patrol in area 345° - Benghazi Light - 8 miles. Uneventful.

35.Onice (OC)3 Oct 19411845Benghazi4 Oct 19410757Benghazi65Antisubmarine patrol in area 247° - Benghazi Light - 20 miles. Uneventful.

36.Onice (OC)4 Oct 19411835Benghazi5 Oct 19410913Benghazi58,2Antisubmarine patrol in area 247° - Benghazi Light - 20 miles. Uneventful.

37.Onice (OC)5 Oct 19411850Benghazi6 Oct 19410725Benghazi30,3Antisubmarine patrol off Benghazi. Uneventful.

38.Onice (OC)6 Oct 19411845Benghazi7 Oct 19410734Benghazi64,5Antisubmarine patrol off Benghazi. Uneventful.

39.Onice (OC)7 Oct 19411900Benghazi8 Oct 19410720Benghazi38,3Antisubmarine patrol off Benghazi. Uneventful.

40.Onice (OC)8 Oct 19411835Benghazi9 Oct 19410950Benghazi64,4Antisubmarine patrol off Benghazi. Uneventful.

41.Onice (OC)9 Oct 19411838Benghazi10 Oct 19410810Benghazi68,3Antisubmarine patrol off Benghazi. Uneventful.
  10 Oct 19410415
0415 (e)

(0) Off Benghazi.
At 0415 hours, a submarine was sighted surfacing. Onice fired three rounds and a torpedo from a distance of 2,200 metres. All missed.

This was HMS Regent (Lieutenant W.N.R. Knox, RN). The Italian submarine was mistaken for a destroyer and she crash-dived. She had already escaped a dive-bombing attack at 0250 hours.

At 0451 hours, Onice made an enemy report and returned to Benghazi.

42.Onice (OC)10 Oct 19411850Benghazi11 Oct 19410830Benghazi20,5Antisubmarine patrol off Benghazi. Uneventful.
  10 Oct 19410415
0415 (e)

(0) Off Benghazi.
At 0415 hours, a submarine was sighted surfacing. Onice fired three rounds and a torpedo from a distance of 2,200 metres. All missed.

This was HMS Regent (Lieutenant W.N.R. Knox, RN). The Italian submarine was mistaken for a destroyer and she crash-dived. She had already escaped a dive-bombing attack at 0250 hours.

At 0451 hours, Onice made an enemy report and returned to Benghazi.

43.Onice (OC)11 Oct 19411845Benghazi12 Oct 19410730Benghazi33,3Antisubmarine patrol off Benghazi. Uneventful.

44.Onice (OC)12 Oct 19411819Benghazi13 Oct 19410800Benghazi79Antisubmarine patrol off Benghazi with torpedo boats Calliope and Orione. Uneventful.

Onice (OC)13 Oct 19411800Benghazi16 Oct 19410815Messina444Passage Benghazi-Messina. Uneventful [ULTRA intercept].

Onice (OC)7 Nov 19410930Messina7 Nov 19411220Messina12,5Trials.

45.Onice (OC)11 Nov 19412030Messina24 Nov 19412050Messina1482Patrolled southeast of Pantelleria between 36°35'N and 36°50'N, and between 12°05'E and 12°25'E. On the evening of 17th November, ordered to 36°15'N, 13°35'E.
  19 Nov 1941035036° 10'N, 13° 30'EAt 0350 hours, a small vessel was sighted. It was perhaps a submarine chaser. Onice turned away.

Serpente (ex-Nautilus) (SE)1 Mar 1942Brindisi31 Mar 1942BrindisiAvailable in Brindisi until 24th February 1942, then on reserve.

Filippo Corridoni (CR)3 Mar 19420815Brindisi3 Mar 19421617Brindisi46Exercises.

Marcantonio Bragadino (BG)5 Mar 19420830Brindisi5 Mar 19421545Brindisi40Exercises.

Giovanni da Procida (DP)1 Apr 1942Taranto20 May 1942TarantoIn Taranto. Change in command. Not operational until Armistice.

Pietro Micca (MC)8 Apr 1942Taranto23 Apr 1942TarantoRefit. Change in command.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)8 Apr 1942Taranto22 May 1942TarantoLong refit in Taranto (cont.).

Tito Speri (TS)9 Apr 1942Taranto22 May 1942TarantoIn reserve at Taranto.

104 entries. 102 total patrol entries (45 marked as war patrols) and 10 events.

Italian Commanders

Italian Submarines