Kapitänleutnant (Crew 36)
|Born||23 Mar 1916||Wolfenstein, Rhein-Pfalz|
|Died||10 Apr 1968||(52)||Frankfurt, Germany|
|U-534||23 Dec 1942||5 May 1945||3 patrols (160 days)|
Herbert Nollau joined the Kriegsmarine in 1936, and was part of the Olympia Crew. From Sept 1939 to April 1940 he served on the new heavy cruiser Blücher as radio technical officer. During the invasion of Norway on 9 April 1940 the cruiser was sunk in Oslofjord by shellfire and torpedoes from Norwegian shore batteries with some 830 casualties. Oblt Nollau then briefly joined the light cruiser Emden in April before being assigned to Horten as signals officer and the harbour defence of Oslo until Jan. 1941.
From Jan to June 1941 Herbert Nollau went through standard U-boat training, followed by U-boat construction familiarization (Baubelehrung) from July to Aug. 1941 before joining the new type IXC/40 U-505 (Kptlt. Axel-Olaf Loewe) as 1st Watch Officer (I WO). Nollau would serve on this boat until Sept. 1942, going on three patrols of 180 days at sea in total.
Nollau went through U-boat Commander training and a second Baubelehrung from Sept. to Dec. 1942, commissioning the new U-534, another type IXC/40 boat, on 23 Dec. 1942. His birthplace was commemorated by a Jäger von Kurpfalz (hunter on horseback) emblem on the conning tower.
He took the boat on two long patrols in the North Atlantic before it was sunk on 5 May 1945 in the Kattegat NW of Helsingör in position 56.39N, 11.48E, by ten depth charges from a British B-24 Liberator (RAF Sqdn 86/G). Casualties were three dead, with 49 survivors (Niestlé, 1998). The circumstances were unusual in that the boat was sunk after having shot down an Allied aircraft (RAF Liberator 547/E) after Germany had surrendered.
Herbert Nollau was a POW until August 1945, and later worked for the Federal Postal Service in Frankfurt. He committed suicide in 1968 without revealing why he had left port in U-534 and ordered his crew to fire on Allied aircraft after the ceasefire in 1945.
Both U-boats that he served on are now preserved in museums.
Photos of this boat
U-505 is on display at the Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, USA.
Patrol info for Herbert Nollau
|1.||U-534||27 Apr 1944||Kiel||6 May 1944||Bergen||10 days|
|2.||U-534||8 May 1944||Bergen||13 Aug 1944||Bordeaux||Patrol 1,||98 days|
|3.||U-534||25 Aug 1944||Bordeaux||24 Oct 1944||Kristiansand||Patrol 2,||61 days|
|4.||U-534||25 Oct 1944||Kristiansand||28 Oct 1944||Flensburg||4 days|
|5.||U-534||1 May 1945||Kiel||2 May 1945||Kopenhagen||2 days|
|6.||U-534||5 May 1945||Kopenhagen||5 May 1945||Sunk||Patrol 3,||1 days|
|3 patrols, 160 days at sea|
About ranks and decorations
Ranks shown in italics are our database inserts based on the rank dates of his crew comrades. The officers of each crew would normally have progressed through the lower ranks at the same rate.
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