Ships hit by U-boats


Soviet Steam merchant

Photo courtesy of Dmitriy A. Sidorov

Type:Steam merchant
Tonnage1,123 tons
Completed1905 - Eiderwerft AG, Tönning 
OwnerSevernyj Flot (Northern Fleet) 
Date of attack5 Dec 1944Nationality:      Soviet
FateSunk by U-995 (Hans-Georg Hess)
Position69° 57'N, 32° 53'E - Grid AC 8577
Complement56 (29 dead and 27 survivors).
RoutePetsamo (4 Dec) - Kola Bay 
History Completed in May 1905 as German Harald Horn for H.C. Horn, Schleswig. 1905 transferred to Fruchtdampfer AG, Lübeck. 1908 registered in Russia as Christian for AG für mechanische Holzbearbeitung A.M. Luther, Reval. On 29 August 1917 requisitioned as transport No. 32 by the Russian Imperial Navy and assigned to the Baltic Fleet. Came under Soviet control and was renamed Proletarij by the Glavnogo Upravleniya Vodnogo Transporta (Glavvod) in July 1918. 1924 assigned to the Baltic Office of Sovtorgflot (STF-BGK). 1934 transferred to Severnoje Gosudarstvennoe Morskoe Parokhodstvo (SGMP) and 1939 to Murmanskoe Gosudarstvennoe Morskoe Parokhodstvo (MGMP), Murmansk. On 15 Aug 1942, requisitioned as transport by the Soviet Navy and assigned to the Northern Fleet. 
Notes on event

At 00.15 hours on 5 December 1944 the Proletarij (Master Pavel G. Izhmjakov) in convoy PK-20 was hit on the port side by one FAT torpedo from U-995 about 15 miles north of Tsyp-Navolok Cape. At 02.03 hours, the ship was probably again hit by a torpedo in grid AC 8579 and sank within 30 seconds in grid AC 8821 after being hit by a coup de grâce at 04.16 hours. The crew of 33, ten gunners and 13 passengers (military personnel) abandoned ship, but many of them drowned or froze to death after their lifeboat capsized upon launch. Others died of exposure after swimming to rafts or another boat before they could be rescued by the Soviet submarine chaser MO-426 which picked up the survivors including the master, but he and another crew member died of hypothermia. In all, 21 crew members, six gunners and two passengers were lost.

On boardWe have details of 31 people who were on board

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