Allied Warships

ORP Krakowiak (L 115)

Escort destroyer of the Hunt (Type II) class

NavyThe Polish Navy
TypeEscort destroyer
ClassHunt (Type II) 
PennantL 115 
Built byJ.S. White & Co. (Cowes, U.K.) 
Ordered4 Sep 1939 
Laid down5 Dec 1939 
Launched4 Dec 1940 
Commissioned28 May 1941 
End service 

Ordered as HMS Silverton, but transferred to the Polish Navy before completion.
Returned in September 1946.
Scrapped at Grays in March 1959.

Former nameHMS Silverton

Commands listed for ORP Krakowiak (L 115)

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1Kpt. mar. Tadeusz Gorazdowski, ORP28 May 19413 Apr 1942

2Kpt. mar. Jan Tchorznicki, ORP22 May 194214 Jun 1943
3Kmdr ppor. Wszechwlad Maracewicz, ORP14 Jun 194331 Oct 1944
4Kpt. mar. Wlodzimierz Loskoczynski, ORP21 Nov 19446 Jan 1946

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Notable events involving Krakowiak include:

16 Jun 1941
HrMs O 14 (Lt.Cdr. G. Quint, RNN(R)) conducted A/S exercises at / off Scapa Flow with ORP Krakowiak (Cdr. T. Gorazdowski, ORP), HMS Jupiter (Lt.Cdr. N.V.J.P. Thew, RN), HMS Bedouin (Cdr. J.A. McCoy, DSO, RN) and HMS Punjabi (Cdr. S.A. Buss, MVO, RN). (1)

18 Dec 1942
ORP Krakowiak picks up 55 survivors from the British merchant Bretwalda that was torpedoed and sunk by German U-boat U-563 about 330 nautical miles west-north-west of Cape Finisterre in position 44°35'N, 16°28'W.

26 Feb 1943
HMS P 511 (Lt. C.R. Pelly, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Plymouth with HMS Tynedale (Lt. J.J.S. Yorke, DSC, RN), ORP Krakowiak (Lt.Cdr. W. Maracewicz) and later with HMS Cornelian (T/A/Lt.Cdr. S. Gorrell, RNR). (2)

21 May 1943
HMS Thrasher (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Hezlet, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Plymouth with The British escort destroyers HMS Melbreak (Lt. G.E.C.G. Baines, RN) and ORP Krakowiak (Komandor Podporucznik (Lt.Cdr.) W. Maracewicz, ORP) in the morning and with HMS Wensleydale (Lt. W.P. Goodfellow, RNVR) and HMS Tanatside (Lt.Cdr. F.D. Brown, RN) in the afternoon. Upon completion of the A/S exercise in the afternoon Thrasher made a pracice attack on HMS Wensleydale. (3)

17 Nov 1943
Around 2100/17, HMS Penelope (Capt. G.D. Belben, DSC, AM, RN) departed Limmasol to make rendezvous with the destroyer HMS Fury (Lt.Cdr. T.F. Taylor, RN) and escort destroyers HMS Exmoor (Lt.Cdr. D.T. McBarnet, RN) and ORP Krakowiak (Lt.Cdr. W. Maracewicz) which were coming through the Rhodes Channel from Mandelyah Gulf.

Rendezvous was effected around 0545/18 after which course was set for Paphos, Cyprus where they arrived around 1040/28. HMS Fury and ORP Krakowiak were then fuelled by HMS Penelope. HMS Penelope then embarked Cdr. Orbay, Turkish Navy, most likely from HMS Fury. (4)

12 Mar 1945
HMS Scotsman (Lt. A.H.B. Anderson, DSC, RNR) conducted A/S exercises at Scapa Flow with HMCS Haida (A/Lt.Cdr. R.P. Welland, DSC, RCN) and ORP Krakowiak (Lt. W. Loskoczynski, ORP). (5)


  1. File (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)
  2. ADM 173/17921
  3. ADM 173/18225
  4. ADM 53/118345
  5. ADM 173/19580

ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.

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