Kapitän zur See (Crew 22)
3 ships sunk, total tonnage 17,355 GRT
1 ship damaged, total tonnage 2,373 GRT
1 ship a total loss, total tonnage 7,176 GRT
|Born||9 Apr 1904||Stettin|
|Died||21 Dec 1996||(92)||Bremen|
|U-1232||8 Mar 1944||31 Mar 1945||1 patrol (97 days)|
Kurt Dobratz after his patrol.
Kurt Dobratz began his naval career in March 1922. He served for more than 10 years on the cruisers Hamburg and Leipzig and on the line ships Schleswig-Holstein and Hannover. In September 1935 he left the Kriegsmarine and was attached for the next 8 years to the Luftwaffe. There he was in some staff positions, but he also commanded combat units and flew 11 sorties in 1941.
In April 1943 he rejoined the Kriegsmarine and completed 8 months of U-boat training before commissioning the Type IXC40 U-boat U-1232 in March 1944.
In November 1944 he left the base at Horten, Norway for his first and only patrol, which was to become one of the most successful patrols in the last year of the war. In January 1945 he sank four ships in Canadian waters with a total of 24,531 tons.
One of the oldest commanders
Kapitän zur See Kurt Dobratz was one of the oldest U-boat commanders of WWII to depart on patrol when he took his boat U-1232 out from Horten, Norway on 10 Nov 1944. He was 40 years old. Dobratz brought the boat back to base in Norway 97 days later.
After his return in February 1945, he left U-1232 and became the chief of the BdU-org staff. During the final days of the war he was the last Kommandierender Admiral der U-Boote (Commanding Admiral of the U-boats). He spent 9 months in captivity after the war's end. When he returned to Germany he began to study law and later earned a doctorate.
Patrol info for Kurt Dobratz
|1.||U-1232||28 Oct 1944||Kiel||31 Oct 1944||Horten||4 days|
|2.||U-1232||10 Nov 1944||Horten||14 Feb 1945||Marviken||Patrol 1,||97 days|
Ships hit by Kurt Dobratz
|Date||U-boat||Commander||Name of ship||Tons||Nat.||Convoy|
|4 Jan 1945||U-1232||Kurt Dobratz||Nipiwan Park (d.)||2,373||ca||SH-194|
|4 Jan 1945||U-1232||Kurt Dobratz||Polarland||1,591||nw||SH-194|
|14 Jan 1945||U-1232||Kurt Dobratz||Athelviking||8,779||br||BX-141|
|14 Jan 1945||U-1232||Kurt Dobratz||British Freedom||6,985||br||BX-141|
|14 Jan 1945||U-1232||Kurt Dobratz||Martin Van Buren (t.)||7,176||am||BX-141|
4 ships sunk (24,531 tons) and 1 ship damaged (2,373 tons).
About ranks and decorations
Special thanks to Fernando Almeida for data on ranks and decorations.