Italian submarines in World War Two


Pietro Micca (MC)
Micca

TypeMinelaying 
ClassMicca (31) 
Laid down 15 Oct 1931 Cantieri Navale Tosi di Taranto, Taranto
Launched31 Mar 1935
Commissioned1 Oct 1935
End service
Stricken
Loss date29 Jul 1943
Loss position39° 45'N, 18° 17'E
History
Fate Torpedoed and sunk on 29th July 1943 at the entrance to Adriatic, south of the Strait of Otranto in position 39°48'N, 18°43'E (39°45.5'N, 18°17.5'E according Italian sources) by the submarine HMS Trooper.

Commands

CommanderDate fromDate toCommand
C.F. Vittorio Meneghini12 May 19403 Aug 1940
C.F. Alberto Ginocchio4 Aug 194013 Sep 1940
T.V. Giulio Contreas14 Sep 194030 Sep 1940
C.C. Guido D'Alterio1 Oct 194030 Dec 1942
T.V. Serafino Giorgini31 Dec 194031 Jan 1941
C.C. Guido D'Alterio1 Feb 194124 Jun 1941
C.C. Guido D'Alterio5 Aug 19411 Jan 1942
T.V. Alberto Campanella1 Jan 19423 Feb 1942
C.C. Mario Spano4 Feb 19429 Mar 1942
C.C. Mario Paolo Pollina10 Mar 194231 Mar 1942
C.C. Giovanni Cunsolo31 Mar 19428 Apr 1942
C.C. Loris Albanese8 Apr 194223 Apr 1942
T.V. Alberto Galeazzi23 Apr 194220 Mar 1943
C.C. Pietro Abate21 Mar 19437 Jun 1943
T.V. Paolo Scrobogna8 Jun 194329 Jul 1943

Patrols and events

 CommanderDateTimePortArr. dateArr. timeArr. portMilesDescription
Meneghini, Vittorio1 Jun 19401058La Spezia3 Jun 19402131TarantoPassage La Spezia-Taranto.

1Meneghini, Vittorio5 Jun 19400245Taranto20 Jun 19402125Crotone2118Laid 40 mines off Alexandria, from 31°17.15'N, 29°32°55'E to 31°18.45'N, 29°33.45'E . Meneghini (born 11th June 1900) was awarded the Medaglia d'argento.
  8 Jun 1940210033° 20'N, 22° 40'EAt 2100 hours, an escorted steamer was sighted. The escort vessel turned toward the submarine as if she attempted to ram. Pietro Micca dived immediately and the vessel passed just above her.
  12 Jun 19400330-035631° 17'N, 29° 32'EBetween 0330 and 0356 hours, a minefield of 40 mines was laid from 31°17.15' N, 29°32°55' E to 31°18.45' N, 29°33.45' E. The initial mine was laid at a depth of 299 metres.

At 1940 hours on the same day, the destroyer HMAS Stuart sighted a mine 17 miles from Ras El Tin (Alexandria) lighthouse and detected more with her ASDIC. In all, 11 mines laid in 130 fathoms were destroyed the same day. These mines were cleared by the minesweepers HMS Abingdon and HMS Bagshot of the 2nd Minesweeping Flotilla on the next day.

Mines were located in:

31°20' N, 29°34.5' E
31°17.5' N, 29°28' E
31°24.5' N, 29°36.5' E
31°32.5' N, 29°46.5' E.

It is possible that a mine from this field survived the minesweeping and damaged the destroyer HMS Janus at 1724 hours on 4th June 1942 in 31°15.5' N, 29°44' E. The mine detonated in her wake and the ship required three weeks repairs.

The consequence of this minefield was that British naval forces, and in particular submarines, were instructed to keep outside the 200-fathom line from enemy coast.
  12 Jun 1940073031° 30'N, 29° 40'EBetween 0730 and 1100 hours, depth charges were heard in the distance and it was believed that Micca was the object of a hunt.

1bMeneghini, Vittorio22 Jun 19400605Crotone22 Jun 19401622Taranto113Passage Crotone-Taranto.

Meneghini, Vittorio20 Jul 19400739Taranto20 Jul 19401517Taranto32Exercises.

2Meneghini, Vittorio24 Jul 19402155Taranto25 Jul 19401055Taranto74,2Defensive patrol in Gulf of Taranto.

Meneghini, Vittorio28 Jul 19400600Taranto28 Jul 19401140Taranto53Exercises.

3Ginocchio, Alberto4 Aug 19401700Taranto21 Aug 19401325Taranto2123Laid 40 mines from 31°22'N, 29°27'E, northwest of Alexandria, then patrolled in area between 32°00'N and 32°40'N and 28°20'E and 29°20'E.
  12 Aug 1940002531° 22'N, 29° 42'E
(0) Approximately.
Between 0025 and 0055 hours, Micca laid 40 mines on a line 3.6 km in length eastward from 31°22' N, 29°42' E at a depth of 322 fathoms.

Eight mines were swept on 12th August in 320° - Ras-El-Tin (Alexandria) -14 miles, seven on 13th August and four on 14th August. Admiral Cunningham reported that a mine was recovered on 13th August 1940, which showed a sinker with 51 fathoms of mooring wire and another 207 fathoms when she was laid. Another 26 mines were destroyed (two were floating and two were found ashore) from this field between 12-14th August 1940, in time when the Mediterranean Fleet sailed on 16th August for operation M.B.2 (bombardment of Bardia) and crossed this area.

On 21st August, a mine was recovered with 250 fathoms of 3/4" mooring rope. The next day, at 1415 hours, HMS Loch Melfort believed she was in contact with a submarine, which was later thought to be one of the mines from this field, as the position was 320° - Ras El Tin - 13 miles. Four mines were found in 220 fathoms on 3rd September 1940. On 16th May 1941, Loch Melfort destroyed a mine, perhaps belonging to this field in 31°55' N, 29°31' E (which was much farther north than position reported). There also were mines laid from the air, but usually these were ground mines. Following the discovery of this minefield, British submarines were usually ordered to remain outside the 200 fathom line in Italian-controlled waters. The order remained in effect at least until December 1940, greatly reducing their effectiveness.
  14 Aug 19401358
1500 (e)
31° 59'N, 28° 32'EToward noon, the hydrophones picked up noises believed to be from a destroyer.

At 1340 hours, a destroyer was sighted and shortly after, a second one.

At 1358 hours, a single torpedo (533mm, S.I. H type) was fired from a stern tube at a distance of 800 metres, aimed at the first of the two destroyers. A violent explosion was heard after 40 seconds. The torpedo actually missed.

This was a squadron consisting of the light cruisers HMAS Sydney and HMS Neptune, escorted by the destroyers HMS Nubian, HMS Mohawk, HMS Hostile and HMS Imperial. HMS Nubian sighted a torpedo approaching and avoided it. Nubian and Hostile were left behind to hunt the submarine, but made no ASDIC contact.

Contreas, Giulio14 Sep 1940Taranto30 Sep 1940TarantoRefit.

D'Alterio, Guido1 Oct 1940Taranto11 Nov 1940TarantoRefit.

D'Alterio, Guido12 Nov 19400910Taranto12 Nov 19401805Taranto8Exercises.

D'Alterio, Guido13 Nov 19401120Taranto13 Nov 19401755Taranto8Exercises.

D'Alterio, Guido15 Nov 19400900Taranto15 Nov 19401645Taranto81,2Exercises.

D'Alterio, Guido16 Nov 19400821Taranto16 Nov 19401830Taranto87,6Exercises.

Giorgini, Serafino31 Dec 1940Taranto3 Feb 1941TarantoRefit.

D'Alterio, Guido4 Feb 19411022Taranto4 Feb 19411655Taranto33Exercises.

4D'Alterio, Guido28 Feb 19410834Taranto4 Mar 19411055LerosSupply mission to Leros (105 tons of cooking oil, 70 ton of ammunition including 600 rounds of 152mm/53 ).

4bD'Alterio, Guido11 Mar 19411520Leros15 Mar 19411730Taranto1372Return trip from supply mission to Leros [mileage is for round trip].
  13 Mar 19410355
(0) 40 miles SW of Cape Matapan.
At 0327 hours, the Officer of the Watch sighted four shadows on the starboard bow, which proved to destroyers at a distance of 13-14,000 metres, steering 100°, followed shortly after by three other destroyers and more. The submarine closed on the surface, but visibility was excellent and she had to submerge at 0335 hours to avoid being seen.

At 0355 hours, one torpedo was fired from a bow tube aimed at one of the destroyers. It was fired at the limit of the weapon's range (probably 4,000 metres) and T.V. Guido D'Alterio's view through the periscope was continuously hampered by continuous drops of oil leaking from the Calzoni system. The torpedo missed.

At 0400 hours, the submarine was turned for a stern shot. D'Alterio intended to fire a 533mm as it could be angled (the 450mm could not) but at the critical moment the torpedo misfired as the launching valve failed to open. He gave up the attack and brought down his submarine to a depth of 40 metres.

The targets may have been HMS Nubian, HMS Mohawk and other destroyers.

5D'Alterio, Guido30 Mar 19410800Taranto5 Apr 19410850Leros930Supply mission to Leros carrying passengers and material for the Royal Italian Army and 140 tons of benzine for the Italian Navy. Stern damaged following the explosion of a torpedo which was accidentally discharged while entering Leros.
  3 Apr 1941040034° 10'N, 25° 24'EAt 0353 hours, a lookout spotted a shadow on the port bow. Shortly after, a single-funnel cruiser could be discerned, followed by a number of merchantmen, steering 320°.

At 0400 hours, four torpedoes were ordered fired from the bow tubes at a range of 1,500-2,500 metres, two aimed at the cruiser and two at merchantmen. Only two left the tubes, the others misfired. Two loud explosions were heard. Actually both torpedoes missed.
  5 Apr 19410518
(0) Near Porto Lago.
At 0518 hours, as the submarine arrived at the entrance of Leros, a torpedo was accidentally fired from a stern tube and exploded shortly after, causing serious damage to her stern. Pietro Micca was towed to Leros and temporarily patched up, then sailed for Taranto for repairs. The claim that she was attacked by an enemy submarine is not substantiated.

D'Alterio, Guido13 Jun 19411450Leros14 Jun 19410112Syra97Passage Leros-Syra.

D'Alterio, Guido14 Jun 19412313Syra15 Jun 19410648Piraeus88,5Passage Syra-Piraeus escorted by the sloop Diana.

D'Alterio, Guido15 Jun 19411045Piraeus15 Jun 19412055Patras103,5Passage Piraeus-Patras via Corinth Canal.

D'Alterio, Guido16 Jun 19411135Patras17 Jun 19411320Taranto306,5Passage Patras-Taranto escorted by the sloop Diana until 2030 hours on the 16th. Then repairs to her stern.

D'Alterio, Guido3 Nov 19410900Taranto3 Nov 19411715Taranto48Trials.

D'Alterio, Guido7 Nov 19411217Taranto7 Nov 19411810Taranto32Trials.

D'Alterio, Guido20 Nov 19410930Taranto20 Nov 19411858Taranto66Torpedo firing exercises with H 8 and torpedo boat Aretusa.

D'Alterio, Guido24 Nov 19410919Taranto24 Nov 19411820Taranto45Trials.

6D'Alterio, Guido28 Nov 19411100Taranto2 Dec 19410915Benghazi542Supply mission to Benghazi via 32°17'N, 19°50'E (176 tons of petrol in cans, 3.4 tons of ammunition). Was damaged by depth-charges and could not proceed to Derna as intended.
  30 Nov 1941122036° 52'N, 19° 09'EAt 1220 hours, in poor visibility, an Italian squadron was encountered and it apparently included a destroyer of the SOLDATO class. Pietro Micca was mistaken for enemy and attacked with depth-charges. She was damaged but escaped by diving to 85-90 meters and was forced to go to Benghazi instead of Derna.

This was probably the Italian 7th Cruiser Squadron, which had made a sortie in the Central Ionian Sea. It consisted of the light cruiers Emanuele Filiberto Duca D'Aosta, Raimondo Montecuccoli, and Muzio Attendolo escorted by the destroyers Aviere, Geniere and Granatiere.

6bD'Alterio, Guido2 Dec 19411903Benghazi3 Dec 19410743Benghazi50After partially unloading her cargo, for security reasons, she was ordered by Marina Bengasi to sail south and return the next morning.

6cD'Alterio, Guido3 Dec 19411820Benghazi4 Dec 19410817Benghazi24After partial unloading of her cargo, for security reasons, she was ordered by Marina Bengasi to sail for a point 10 miles from the harbour and she bottomed there in 27 meters.

6dD'Alterio, Guido4 Dec 19412010Benghazi7 Dec 19411500Taranto555Return trip from mission to Benghazi with twenty British officers PoWs. Uneventful.

D'Alterio, Guido8 Dec 19411315Taranto8 Dec 19411845Taranto35Trials.

7D'Alterio, Guido15 Dec 19411120Taranto18 Dec 19410845Benghazi577Supply mission to Benghazi (154 tons of petrol, 15 tons of ammunition). Uneventful.

7bD'Alterio, Guido18 Dec 19411920Benghazi19 Dec 19410800Benghazi50Sailed on a southerly course before turning back.

7cD'Alterio, Guido19 Dec 19411725Benghazi22 Dec 19411425Taranto565Return trip from supply mission to Benghazi with twenty-seven passengers (Italian naval ratings). Uneventful.

Campanella, Alberto12 Jan 19420838Taranto12 Jan 19421432Taranto42Exercises.

8Campanella, Alberto18 Jan 19421158Taranto22 Jan 19421230Tripoli648Supply mission to Tripoli (156.4 tons of stores distributed as such: 78 tons of petrol, 15.7 tons of weapons and ammunition, 18.7 tons of foodstuff).
  19 Jan 19420935
(0) Ca. 140 miles South of Santa Maria di Leuca.
At 0935 hours, three aircraft were seen and Micca dived. Bomb explosions were heard but the submarine escaped damage.

8bCampanella, Alberto25 Jan 19421348Tripoli30 Jan 19421400Taranto750,5Return from supply mission to Tripoli and hydrophone watch on 26-27th January, in area between 33°20'N and 34°00'N and 17°20'E and 18°00'E. Uneventful.
  25 Jan 19421200
(0) Tripoli harbour.
At noon, the submarine was visited by Generals Cavallero (Head of Comando Supremo) and Bastico (Head of Axis Forces in North Africa).

Spano, Mario4 Feb 1942Taranto9 Mar 1942TarantoRefit. Change in command.

Pollina, Mario Paolo10 Mar 1942Taranto31 Mar 1942TarantoRefit. Change in command.

Cunsolo, Giovanni1 Apr 1942or 31/3?Taranto8 Apr 1942TarantoRefit. Change in command.

Albanese, Loris8 Apr 1942Taranto23 Apr 1942TarantoRefit. Change in command.

Galeazzi, Alberto26 Apr 19420610Taranto26 Apr 19421323Taranto35Trials and exercises.

Galeazzi, Alberto30 Apr 19420830Taranto30 Apr 19421504Taranto38,5Exercises with Bronzo, escorted by Audace.

Galeazzi, Alberto3 May 19421300Taranto3 May 19421748Taranto37Exercises.

Galeazzi, Alberto4 May 19421310Taranto4 May 19421830Taranto35,5Exercises.

Galeazzi, Alberto19 May 19420942Taranto19 May 19421857Taranto33,5Exercises.

Galeazzi, Alberto21 May 19421320Taranto21 May 19421810Taranto27,5Exercises, escorted back by the minesweeper R.D.13.

Galeazzi, Alberto25 May 19420830Taranto25 May 19421730Taranto71Trials.

Galeazzi, Alberto30 May 19421320Taranto30 May 19421803Taranto24Exercises, escorted back by R.D.30.

Galeazzi, Alberto5 Jun 19421323Taranto5 Jun 19421820Taranto26Exercises.

9Galeazzi, Alberto14 Jun 19420815Taranto19 Jun 19421438Taranto911Patrolled southeast of Malta, between 34°20'N and 34°40'N, and between 14°40'E and 15°00'E.
  15 Jun 1942053037° 26'N, 17° 16'EAt 0530 hours, a Sunderland was seen at a distance of 5000 metres and attacked the submarine. Micca crash-dived and, at 0533 hours, she was shaken by four explosions but escaped without damage by going to 80 meters. More explosions followed but at a distance.

Galeazzi, Alberto20 Jun 19421020Taranto20 Jun 19421740Taranto80Sailed for patrol toward Crotone, but then ordered back.

10Galeazzi, Alberto24 Jun 19421045Taranto28 Jun 19420900Benghazi1053Supply mission to Benghazi (185 tons: 181.5 tons of petrol and 3.5 tons of foodstuff). Uneventful. ULTRA sigint had learnt that Micca was going to Benghazi passing through 33°14’ N, 18°30’ E [mileage is for round trip].

10bGaleazzi, Alberto28 Jun 19422015Benghazi2 Jul 19421650TarantoReturn trip from supply mission to Benghazi.
  1 Jul 1942044837° 12'N, 17° 48'EAt 0448 hours, a Sunderland was seen at a distance of 3000 metres and the submarine dived.

11Galeazzi, Alberto8 Jul 19421100Taranto12 Jul 19420815BenghaziSupply mission to Benghazi (176.6 tons: 169.6 tons of petrol and 7 tons of ammunition). Uneventful.

Galeazzi, Alberto12 Jul 19421800Benghazi12 Jul 19422215BenghaziChanged anchorage.

Galeazzi, Alberto13 Jul 19420600Benghazi13 Jul 19420900BenghaziChanged anchorage to continue unloading.

11bGaleazzi, Alberto13 Jul 19421143Benghazi16 Jul 19421600Taranto1044Return trip from supply mission to Benghazi. Uneventful [mileage is for round trip].

12Galeazzi, Alberto27 Jul 19421215Taranto31 Jul 19420800BenghaziSupply mission to Benghazi via 39°20'N, 17°40'E and 38°30'N, 17°40'E (170.3 tons: 166.8 tons of petrol, 3.5 tons of provisions).
  31 Jul 19420500
(0) Point C of Benghazi.
At 0500 hours, the Italian hospital ship Arno (8,024 GRT, built 1926) was observed arriving at Benghazi.
  31 Jul 19420520
(0) Point C of Benghazi.
At 0520 hours, a German aircraft was seen and exchanged recognition signals.

12bGaleazzi, Alberto31 Jul 19421515Benghazi3 Aug 19421628Taranto1067Return trip from supply mission to Benghazi. Uneventful. Heard only H.E. without sighting anything.
  31 Jul 19420500
(0) Point C of Benghazi.
At 0500 hours, the Italian hospital ship Arno (8,024 GRT, built 1926) was observed arriving at Benghazi.
  31 Jul 19420520
(0) Point C of Benghazi.
At 0520 hours, a German aircraft was seen and exchanged recognition signals.

Galeazzi, Alberto4 Aug 19421630Taranto4 Aug 19421920Taranto20Trials.

13Galeazzi, Alberto21 Aug 19421130Taranto24 Aug 19421212Benghazi1050Supply mission to Benghazi (123.4 tons: 102 tons of petrol and 21.4 tons of mineral water) [mileage is for round trip].
  23 Aug 1942091535° 00'N, 18° 00'EAt 0915 hours, a large aircraft was seen and the submarine dived. However, at 1100 hours, petrol fumes forced Micca to continue her passage on the surface to ventilate the submarine.
  23 Aug 1942142034° 34'N, 18° 20'EAt 1420 hours, a large white buoy, surmounted by a flag post 6 meters tall flying a black flag, was observed at a distance of 700 metres. Shortly after, a periscope was sighted at a distance of 500 meters.

13bGaleazzi, Alberto24 Aug 19422330Benghazi28 Aug 19421630Taranto1187,5Return trip from supply mission to Benghazi. Uneventful.

Galeazzi, Alberto29 Aug 19421455Taranto29 Aug 19421630Taranto9Trials.

14Galeazzi, Alberto12 Sep 19421125Taranto16 Sep 19420930TripoliSupply mission to Tripoli (170.9 tons of petrol). Uneventful.

14bGaleazzi, Alberto17 Sep 19421400Tripoli21 Sep 19421345Taranto1414Return trip from supply mission to Tripoli. Uneventful [mileage is for round trip].

15Galeazzi, Alberto30 Sep 19421530Taranto4 Oct 19420820BenghaziSupply mission to Benghazi (169 tons: 168.5 tons of petrol, 0.5 ton of various stores). Uneventful.

15bGaleazzi, Alberto4 Oct 19421505Benghazi7 Oct 19421415Taranto1066Return trip from supply mission to Benghazi [mileage is for round trip].
  7 Oct 1942051339° 42'N, 18° 19'E
(0) 180° - Santa Maria di Leuca - 5 miles.
At 0513 hours, an enemy submarine was sighted at a distance of 700 metres, A stern torpedo misfired and the attack was finally aborted as Micca could not get into a favourable position and the second stern tube was not ready for firing.

No Allied submarine operated in the area. The sighting must have been bogus.

16Galeazzi, Alberto15 Oct 19421100Taranto17 Oct 19421220Taranto430Supply mission to Benghazi carrying 176 tons of stores (172 tons petrol and 4 of foodstuff), aborted when damaged by storm, lost one rating overboard.
  16 Oct 1942055037° 40'N, 17° 30'EAt 0550 hours, extremely heavy weather was encountered. Two giant waves engulfed the submarine and 20 tons of water entered through the hatch. The rating Giuseppe Canta, was thrown overboard and drowned. Micca had to abort her mission due to weather damage.

Galeazzi, Alberto7 Nov 19420800Taranto7 Nov 19421424Taranto35Exercises.

17Galeazzi, Alberto14 Nov 19421120Taranto17 Nov 19421239TripoliSupply mission to Tripoli (173 tons of petrol) [15th November: ULTRA reported her as due in Tripoli on 17th November].
  17 Nov 19420600
0555-0623 (e)
32° 55'N, 14° 08'EAt 0600 hours, an enemy submarine proceeding on the surface, was sighted at a distance of 3,000 metres. Micca turned away.

This was HMS Porpoise (Lieutenant L.A.W. Bennington, DSC, RN). She had sighted the Italian submarine at a distance of 5-6 miles and dived. At 0612 hours, Micca was observed through the periscope at a distance 3 miles, zigzagging between 250 and 300°. At 0623 hours, contact was lost. An ULTRA signal had revealed the expected arrival of the Italian submarine at Tripoli on this day.

17bGaleazzi, Alberto18 Nov 19421500Taranto22 Nov 19421930Tripoli1158Return trip from supply mission to Tripoli [mileage is for round trip].
  22 Nov 19421050
(0) 082° - Cape Trionto - 2 miles and 070° - Cape Trionto - 4 miles.
At 1050 hours, two derelict mines were sighted.

Galeazzi, Alberto10 Dec 19420940Taranto10 Dec 19421540Taranto39,5Trials.

Galeazzi, Alberto19 Dec 19420845Taranto19 Dec 19421033Taranto9Trials.

18Galeazzi, Alberto21 Dec 19422330Taranto24 Dec 19420512MessinaSupply mission to Tripoli, but diverted to Messina because of a defective water pump.

18bGaleazzi, Alberto25 Dec 19420855Messina27 Dec 19421622TripoliSupply mission to Tripoli [175.4 tons: 174.5 tons of petrol and 0.9 of various stores] , via 37°20'N, 16°40'E and 35°22'N, 16°44'E (instead of 34°00'N, 16°50'E as ordered, because the submarine was late on her schedule) and Point B of Tripoli. The importance of the mission was emphasized by a personal message from Admiral Riccardi.
  26 Dec 19420745
(0) 120 miles SE of Malta.
At 0745 hours, an aircraft was seen at a distance of 5,000 metres. The submarine dived and four explosions were heard.
  26 Dec 19421245At 1245 hours, two Italian aircraft were seen and exchanged recognition signals.

18cGaleazzi, Alberto28 Dec 19420020Tripoli31 Dec 19421230Taranto1461Return trip from supply mission to Tripoli [mileage is for round trip].
  28 Dec 19420720
(0) 55 miles NE of Tripoli.
At 0720 hours, a Sunderland was seen at a distance of 4,000 metres and the submarine dived.

Scrobogna, Paolo12 Mar 19430830Taranto12 Mar 19431440Taranto47Trials.

Abate, Pietro16 Apr 19430720Taranto16 Apr 19431235Taranto27Exercises.

Abate, Pietro18 Apr 19430630Taranto18 Apr 19431220Taranto37Exercises with torpedo boat Mosto.

Abate, Pietro21 Apr 19430730Taranto21 Apr 19431035Taranto16,5Exercises.

Abate, Pietro24 Apr 19430800Taranto24 Apr 19431236Taranto27,5Sonar exercises with Gino Nais.

Abate, Pietro9 May 19431130Taranto11 May 19430730Augusta354Passage Taranto-Augusta.

Abate, Pietro15 May 19432200Augusta16 May 19430137Augusta28,5Passage Augusta-Taranto, but turned back because of defects.

Abate, Pietro17 May 19432345Augusta20 May 19431030Taranto347Passage Augusta-Taranto. Uneventful.

Scrobogna, Paolo13 Jun 19430809Taranto13 Jun 19431200Taranto27,7Exercises.

Scrobogna, Paolo14 Jun 19431744Taranto14 Jun 19432050Taranto29,5Exercises.

Scrobogna, Paolo16 Jun 19431316Taranto16 Jun 19431811Taranto39,9Exercises.

Scrobogna, Paolo6 Jul 19430648Taranto6 Jul 19431005TarantoExercises.

Scrobogna, Paolo14 Jul 19430540Taranto14 Jul 19431016TarantoExercises with the torpedo boats Partenope and Pallade.

19Scrobogna, Paolo19 Jul 19430345Taranto20 Jul 19431415Taranto147Hydrophone watch in 39°49'N, 17°36'E, on a patrol line with Zoea.
  19 Jul 19430933At 0933 hours, a derelict mine was sighted and sunk by machine gun fire.
  19 Jul 19431015At 1015 hours, a derelict mine was sighted and sunk by machine gun fire.

20Scrobogna, Paolo21 Jul 19430644Taranto23 Jul 19430658TarantoSailed with Zoea for hydrophone watch in 39°40'N, 17°30'E, east of Punta Alice (Gulf of Taranto). Uneventful.

21Scrobogna, Paolo24 Jul 19431855Taranto29 Jul 19430605SunkMicca sailed from Taranto for Naples around Sicily. Due to defects she was forced to return to Taranto.At 0605 hours, on 29th July 1943, when 3 miles southwest of Cape Santa Maria di Leuca, she was torpedoed by HMS Trooper and sunk.
  29 Jul 19430605
0654.5 (e)
39° 45'N, 18° 17'EAt 0605 hours, Pietro Micca was returning to Taranto when two torpedo tracks were sighted. The first was avoided, but the second hit just aft of the conning tower and the submarine sank very quickly.

The culprit was the submarine HMS Trooper (Lieutenant G.S.C. Clarabut, RN). Two objects had been sighted at 0638C hours, in poor visibility. At 0645 hours, this was identified as a MARCELLO class submarine at a distance of 4,800 yards, steering 330° at 11-15 knots. The British submarine was handicapped because her ASDIC was out of action and enemy speed had to be estimated. The Italian submarine was then observed to alter course to 275°.

At 0654.5 hours, six torpedoes were fired at range of 4,600 yards and one hit was heard. A torpedo was a circler and missed the British submarine by passing over her stern so the result of the attack could not be observed.

Eighteen survivors (including T.V. Paolo Scrobogna) were picked up by the pilot vessel Vincenzo Dormio (F.81, 217 tons, built 1917), sent to escort her in, which arrived on the scene just after the attack. Two officers and fifty-two ratings perished. A number of vessels were immediately dispatched to attempt a rescue as it was believed that some survivors were in the forward section. These were the corvettes Sfinge, Pomona, Scimitarra and Driade and the auxiliary Monella (A.S.200). The submarine Onice was also sailed but was eventually diverted to Gallipoli.

Sfinge sailed from Taranto at 1125 hours, bringing several specialists with her, including Capitano G.N. Galbo (who had served on Micca) and five deep sea divers. The corvette reached the spot at 1600 hours, where she found Bormio, the auxiliary Monella and two minesweepers already there to give any assistance. The soundings by Sfinge revealed that the wreck was at a depth of 84 metres. The divers declared that this was beyond their capabilities and, reluctantly, the effort was abandoned.

In 1995, the wreck of Pietro Micca was located 2.5 miles - 241 ° from Santa Maria di Leuca or 45°30' N, 18°17.5' E in 82-84 meters of water.

102 entries. 93 total patrol entries (21 marked as war patrols) and 29 events.

Events

GH 09.03.2021: This table kept here until we make fix the possible missing events in table above

CommanderDateTimePositionDescription
Vittorio Meneghini8 Jun 1940210033.20 N, 22.40 E
At 2100 hours, an escorted steamer was sighted. The escort vessel turned toward the submarine as if she attempted to ram. Pietro Micca dived immediately and the vessel passed just above her.
Vittorio Meneghini12 Jun 19400330-035631.17.15 N, 29.32.55 E
Between 0330 and 0356 hours, a minefield of 40 mines was laid from 31°17.15' N, 29°32°55' E to 31°18.45' N, 29°33.45' E. The initial mine was laid at a depth of 299 metres.

At 1940 hours on the same day, the destroyer HMAS Stuart sighted a mine 17 miles from Ras El Tin (Alexandria) lighthouse and detected more with her ASDIC. In all, 11 mines laid in 130 fathoms were destroyed the same day. These mines were cleared by the minesweepers HMS Abingdon and HMS Bagshot of the 2nd Minesweeping Flotilla on the next day.

Mines were located in:

31°20' N, 29°34.5' E
31°17.5' N, 29°28' E
31°24.5' N, 29°36.5' E
31°32.5' N, 29°46.5' E.

It is possible that a mine from this field survived the minesweeping and damaged the destroyer HMS Janus at 1724 hours on 4th June 1942 in 31°15.5' N, 29°44' E. The mine detonated in her wake and the ship required three weeks repairs.

The consequence of this minefield was that British naval forces, and in particular submarines, were instructed to keep outside the 200-fathom line from enemy coast.
Vittorio Meneghini12 Jun 1940073031.30 N, 29.40 E
Between 0730 and 1100 hours, depth charges were heard in the distance and it was believed that Micca was the object of a hunt.
Alberto Ginocchio12 Aug 1940002531.22 N, 29.42 E
(o) Approximately.
Between 0025 and 0055 hours, Micca laid 40 mines on a line 3.6 km in length eastward from 31°22' N, 29°42' E at a depth of 322 fathoms.

Eight mines were swept on 12th August in 320° - Ras-El-Tin (Alexandria) -14 miles, seven on 13th August and four on 14th August. Admiral Cunningham reported that a mine was recovered on 13th August 1940, which showed a sinker with 51 fathoms of mooring wire and another 207 fathoms when she was laid. Another 26 mines were destroyed (two were floating and two were found ashore) from this field between 12-14th August 1940, in time when the Mediterranean Fleet sailed on 16th August for operation M.B.2 (bombardment of Bardia) and crossed this area.

On 21st August, a mine was recovered with 250 fathoms of 3/4" mooring rope. The next day, at 1415 hours, HMS Loch Melfort believed she was in contact with a submarine, which was later thought to be one of the mines from this field, as the position was 320° - Ras El Tin - 13 miles. Four mines were found in 220 fathoms on 3rd September 1940. On 16th May 1941, Loch Melfort destroyed a mine, perhaps belonging to this field in 31°55' N, 29°31' E (which was much farther north than position reported). There also were mines laid from the air, but usually these were ground mines. Following the discovery of this minefield, British submarines were usually ordered to remain outside the 200 fathom line in Italian-controlled waters. The order remained in effect at least until December 1940, greatly reducing their effectiveness.
Alberto Ginocchio14 Aug 19401358
1500 (e)
31.59 N, 28.32 E
(e) 32.06 N, 28°31 E
Toward noon, the hydrophones picked up noises believed to be from a destroyer.

At 1340 hours, a destroyer was sighted and shortly after, a second one.

At 1358 hours, a single torpedo (533mm, S.I. H type) was fired from a stern tube at a distance of 800 metres, aimed at the first of the two destroyers. A violent explosion was heard after 40 seconds. The torpedo actually missed.

This was a squadron consisting of the light cruisers HMAS Sydney and HMS Neptune, escorted by the destroyers HMS Nubian, HMS Mohawk, HMS Hostile and HMS Imperial. HMS Nubian sighted a torpedo approaching and avoided it. Nubian and Hostile were left behind to hunt the submarine, but made no ASDIC contact.
Guido D'Alterio13 Mar 19410355(o) 40 miles SW of Cape Matapan.At 0327 hours, the Officer of the Watch sighted four shadows on the starboard bow, which proved to destroyers at a distance of 13-14,000 metres, steering 100°, followed shortly after by three other destroyers and more. The submarine closed on the surface, but visibility was excellent and she had to submerge at 0335 hours to avoid being seen.

At 0355 hours, one torpedo was fired from a bow tube aimed at one of the destroyers. It was fired at the limit of the weapon's range (probably 4,000 metres) and T.V. Guido D'Alterio's view through the periscope was continuously hampered by continuous drops of oil leaking from the Calzoni system. The torpedo missed.

At 0400 hours, the submarine was turned for a stern shot. D'Alterio intended to fire a 533mm as it could be angled (the 450mm could not) but at the critical moment the torpedo misfired as the launching valve failed to open. He gave up the attack and brought down his submarine to a depth of 40 metres.

The targets may have been HMS Nubian, HMS Mohawk and other destroyers.
Guido D'Alterio3 Apr 1941040034.10 N, 25.24 E?
At 0353 hours, a lookout spotted a shadow on the port bow. Shortly after, a single-funnel cruiser could be discerned, followed by a number of merchantmen, steering 320°.

At 0400 hours, four torpedoes were ordered fired from the bow tubes at a range of 1,500-2,500 metres, two aimed at the cruiser and two at merchantmen. Only two left the tubes, the others misfired. Two loud explosions were heard. Actually both torpedoes missed.
Guido D'Alterio5 Apr 19410518(o) Near Porto Lago.At 0518 hours, as the submarine arrived at the entrance of Leros, a torpedo was accidentally fired from a stern tube and exploded shortly after, causing serious damage to her stern. Pietro Micca was towed to Leros and temporarily patched up, then sailed for Taranto for repairs. The claim that she was attacked by an enemy submarine is not substantiated.
Guido D'Alterio30 Nov 1941122036.52 N, 19.09 E
At 1220 hours, in poor visibility, an Italian squadron was encountered and it apparently included a destroyer of the SOLDATO class. Pietro Micca was mistaken for enemy and attacked with depth-charges. She was damaged but escaped by diving to 85-90 meters and was forced to go to Benghazi instead of Derna.

This was probably the Italian 7th Cruiser Squadron, which had made a sortie in the Central Ionian Sea. It consisted of the light cruiers Emanuele Filiberto Duca D'Aosta, Raimondo Montecuccoli, and Muzio Attendolo escorted by the destroyers Aviere, Geniere and Granatiere.
Alberto Campanella19 Jan 19420935(o) Ca. 140 miles South of Santa Maria di Leuca.At 0935 hours, three aircraft were seen and Micca dived. Bomb explosions were heard but the submarine escaped damage.
Alberto Campanella25 Jan 19421200(o) Tripoli harbour.At noon, the submarine was visited by Generals Cavallero (Head of Comando Supremo) and Bastico (Head of Axis Forces in North Africa).
Alberto Galeazzi15 Jun 1942053037.26 N, 17.16 E
At 0530 hours, a Sunderland was seen at a distance of 5000 metres and attacked the submarine. Micca crash-dived and, at 0533 hours, she was shaken by four explosions but escaped without damage by going to 80 meters. More explosions followed but at a distance.
Alberto Galeazzi1 Jul 1942044837.12 N, 17.48 E
At 0448 hours, a Sunderland was seen at a distance of 3000 metres and the submarine dived.
Alberto Galeazzi31 Jul 19420500(o) Point C of Benghazi.At 0500 hours, the Italian hospital ship Arno (8,024 GRT, built 1926) was observed arriving at Benghazi.
Alberto Galeazzi31 Jul 19420520(o) Point C of Benghazi.At 0520 hours, a German aircraft was seen and exchanged recognition signals.
Alberto Galeazzi23 Aug 1942091535.00 N, 18.00 E
At 0915 hours, a large aircraft was seen and the submarine dived. However, at 1100 hours, petrol fumes forced Micca to continue her passage on the surface to ventilate the submarine.
Alberto Galeazzi23 Aug 1942142034.34 N, 18.20 E
At 1420 hours, a large white buoy, surmounted by a flag post 6 meters tall flying a black flag, was observed at a distance of 700 metres. Shortly after, a periscope was sighted at a distance of 500 meters.
Alberto Galeazzi7 Oct 1942051339.42 N, 18.19 E
(o) 180° - Santa Maria di Leuca - 5 miles.
At 0513 hours, an enemy submarine was sighted at a distance of 700 metres, A stern torpedo misfired and the attack was finally aborted as Micca could not get into a favourable position and the second stern tube was not ready for firing.

No Allied submarine operated in the area. The sighting must have been bogus.
Alberto Galeazzi16 Oct 1942055037.40 N, 17.30 E
At 0550 hours, extremely heavy weather was encountered. Two giant waves engulfed the submarine and 20 tons of water entered through the hatch. The rating Giuseppe Canta, was thrown overboard and drowned. Micca had to abort her mission due to weather damage.
Alberto Galeazzi17 Nov 19420600
0555-0623 (e)
32.55 N, 14.08 E
(e) 33.12 N, 14.13.5 E
At 0600 hours, an enemy submarine proceeding on the surface, was sighted at a distance of 3,000 metres. Micca turned away.

This was HMS Porpoise (Lieutenant L.A.W. Bennington, DSC, RN). She had sighted the Italian submarine at a distance of 5-6 miles and dived. At 0612 hours, Micca was observed through the periscope at a distance 3 miles, zigzagging between 250 and 300°. At 0623 hours, contact was lost. An ULTRA signal had revealed the expected arrival of the Italian submarine at Tripoli on this day.
Alberto Galeazzi22 Nov 19421050(o) 082° - Cape Trionto - 2 miles and 070° - Cape Trionto - 4 miles.At 1050 hours, two derelict mines were sighted.
Alberto Galeazzi26 Dec 19420745(o) 120 miles SE of Malta.At 0745 hours, an aircraft was seen at a distance of 5,000 metres. The submarine dived and four explosions were heard.
Alberto Galeazzi26 Dec 19421245At 1245 hours, two Italian aircraft were seen and exchanged recognition signals.
Alberto Galeazzi28 Dec 19420720(o) 55 miles NE of Tripoli.At 0720 hours, a Sunderland was seen at a distance of 4,000 metres and the submarine dived.
Paolo Scrobogna19 Jul 19430933At 0933 hours, a derelict mine was sighted and sunk by machine gun fire.
Paolo Scrobogna19 Jul 19431015At 1015 hours, a derelict mine was sighted and sunk by machine gun fire.
Paolo Scrobogna29 Jul 19430605
0654.5 (e)
39.45.5 N, 18.17.5 E
(e) 39.48 N, 18.43 E
At 0605 hours, Pietro Micca was returning to Taranto when two torpedo tracks were sighted. The first was avoided, but the second hit just aft of the conning tower and the submarine sank very quickly.

The culprit was the submarine HMS Trooper (Lieutenant G.S.C. Clarabut, RN). Two objects had been sighted at 0638C hours, in poor visibility. At 0645 hours, this was identified as a MARCELLO class submarine at a distance of 4,800 yards, steering 330° at 11-15 knots. The British submarine was handicapped because her ASDIC was out of action and enemy speed had to be estimated. The Italian submarine was then observed to alter course to 275°.

At 0654.5 hours, six torpedoes were fired at range of 4,600 yards and one hit was heard. A torpedo was a circler and missed the British submarine by passing over her stern so the result of the attack could not be observed.

Eighteen survivors (including T.V. Paolo Scrobogna) were picked up by the pilot vessel Vincenzo Dormio (F.81, 217 tons, built 1917), sent to escort her in, which arrived on the scene just after the attack. Two officers and fifty-two ratings perished. A number of vessels were immediately dispatched to attempt a rescue as it was believed that some survivors were in the forward section. These were the corvettes Sfinge, Pomona, Scimitarra and Driade and the auxiliary Monella (A.S.200). The submarine Onice was also sailed but was eventually diverted to Gallipoli.

Sfinge sailed from Taranto at 1125 hours, bringing several specialists with her, including Capitano G.N. Galbo (who had served on Micca) and five deep sea divers. The corvette reached the spot at 1600 hours, where she found Bormio, the auxiliary Monella and two minesweepers already there to give any assistance. The soundings by Sfinge revealed that the wreck was at a depth of 84 metres. The divers declared that this was beyond their capabilities and, reluctantly, the effort was abandoned.

In 1995, the wreck of Pietro Micca was located 2.5 miles - 241 ° from Santa Maria di Leuca or 45°30' N, 18°17.5' E in 82-84 meters of water.

All Italian submarines