Italian submarines in World War Two

Italian Commanders


Pietro Abate

Born  21 Oct 1908Trapani

Ranks

  T.V.Tenente di Vascello
  C.C.Capitano di Corvetta

Decorations

  Medaglia di bronzo al valore militare
  Medaglia di bronzo al valore militare

Career information

FRATELLI BANDIERA (T.V. First Officer): from 20.02.1940 to November 1940+.
SANTORRE DI SANTAROSA (T.V. C.O.): from 21.12.1940 to 12.04.1942.
Promoted to C.C. in April 1942.
ATROPO (T.V. C.O.): from 16.04.1942 to 06.10.1942. ATROPO (C.C. C.O.): from 16.12.1942 to 04.05.1943 [see also MICCA].
GIOVANNI DA PROCIDA (C.C. resp.): from 15.02.1943 to 28.02.1943 (at Taranto, in reserve).
TITO SPERI (C.C. resp.): from 15.02.1943 to 28.02.1943 (at Taranto, in reserve).
PIETRO MICCA (C.C. C.O.): from 21.03.1943 to 07.06.1943.
SPARIDE (C.C. C.O.): from July? to 09.09.1943 [S.T.V. Enzo Berardi was actually in command when she was scuttled at the Armistice].

Commands listed for Pietro Abate


Submarine Type Rank From To
Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)Ocean goingT.V.21 Dec 194012 Apr 1942
Atropo (AT, N.51)MinelayingC.C.16 Apr 19426 Oct 1942
Giovanni da Procida (DP)Ocean goingC.C.15 Feb 194328 Feb 1943
Tito Speri (TS)Ocean goingC.C.15 Feb 194328 Feb 1943
Atropo (AT, N.51)MinelayingC.C.16 Dec 19424 May 1943
Pietro Micca (MC)MinelayingC.C.21 Mar 19437 Jun 1943

War patrols listed for Pietro Abate

 SubmarineDateTimePortArr. dateArr. timeArr. portMilesDescription
Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)23 Dec 19401600Messina24 Dec 19400915Trapani182Passage Messina-Trapani.

1.Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)7 Jan 19411806Trapani13 Jan 19411015Trapani670Patrolled west of Malta, within 15 miles from 35°55'N, 13°35'E on a SE-NW axis.
  8 Jan 19411905
(0) West of Malta.
Two destroyers, apparently on A/S patrol, were sighted at 3,000 metres. The submarine dived and listened on her hydrophones; the noises finally faded away at 2030 hours.
  10 Jan 19410745-0840
(0) West of Malta.
Santorre Di Santarosa heard several explosions and at the end followed by the sound of a turbine. The submarine came to periscope depth to investigate but sighted nothing.
  10 Jan 19411242-1806
1730 (e)

(e) 35° 50'N, 13° 48'E
Santorre Di Santarosa reported being attacked and a total of sixty depth-charges were heard. This was most likely the British destroyer HMS Ilex which dropped eleven depth-charges at about this time. The submarine escaped by going down to 100 meters.
  10 Jan 19412020
(0) West of Malta.
An enemy destroyer was observed at a distance of 3,000 metres. The submarine was about to fire torpedoes when the destroyer turned toward her and she had to go deep at 2023 hours.
  11 Jan 19412045
(0) West of Malta.
An unidentified submarine was seen and was believed to be Fratelli Bandiera; this was actually HMS Triumph, which mistook the Italian submarine for HMS Upholder. Santorre Di Santarosa dived as she was under order not to attack any submarine encountered.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)27 Jan 19410820Trapani27 Jan 19411159Trapani17Exercises.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)3 Mar 19410814Trapani3 Mar 19411209Trapani19Exercises.

2.Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)3 Apr 19411240Trapani9 Apr 19411630Trapani644Patrolled within 15 miles from 35°55'N, 13°35'E on a SE-NW axis. Did not sight any ship.
  3 Apr 19410400
(0) East of Linosa?
The submarine lost a man overboard (Guardiamarina Emanuele Peretti). The submarine searched for two hours but he could not be found.

3.Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)27 Apr 19412225Trapani12 May 19411010Trapani1258Patrolled east of Lampedusa, within 15 miles from 35°30'N, 13°40'E. On 8th May, was ordered to move 30 miles to the north.
  1 May 19412330
(0) East of Lampedusa?
An unknown destroyer was seen steering 310° at 2,000 metres, possibly an Italian one proceeding to Pantelleria. The submarine dived and altered course away to avoid revealing her position.
  9 May 19410741
(0) East of Lampedusa?
A destroyer was observed steering 120°, 25 knots at a distance of 6,000 metres. The submarine attempted to close for an attack but soon gave up as the destroyer drew away.

4.Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)6 Jun 19411900Trapani8 Jun 19411205Trapani307Patrolled west of Malta, within 15 miles from 36°00'N, 13°40'E on a SE-NW axis. Uneventful.

5.Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)13 Jun 19412130Trapani19 Jun 19411110Trapani923Patrolled off Algerian coast to intercept a force from Gibraltar, from 37°50'N, 10°00'E on course 265° until 06°00'E meridian. Uneventful.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)21 Jun 19411400Trapani22 Jun 19410930Naples197Passage Trapani-Naples, then refit in Naples until September 1941.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)13 Sep 19410800Naples13 Sep 19411600Naples31Exercises.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)15 Sep 19411300Naples15 Sep 19411800Naples27Exercises.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)19 Sep 19411300Naples19 Sep 19411900Naples28Exercises.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)20 Sep 19410800Naples20 Sep 19411700Naples26Exercises.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)28 Sep 19410800Naples28 Sep 19411500Naples32Exercises.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)29 Sep 19410800Naples29 Sep 19411400Naples33Exercises.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)3 Oct 19410800Naples3 Oct 19411200Naples22Exercises.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)6 Oct 19411855Naples6 Oct 19410020Naples20Exercises.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)8 Oct 19410900Naples8 Oct 19411522Naples26Exercises.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)20 Oct 19411500Naples21 Oct 19411000Trapani175Passage Naples-Trapani, surfaced at 11 knots, via Capo San Vito.

6.Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)23 Oct 19412355Trapani2 Nov 19411025Trapani1114Patrolled east of La Galite between 37°20'N and 38°40'N, and between 10°00'E and 10°20'E. Sailed and returned through 38°00'N, 10°20'E. On 27th October, moved 40 miles to the west, in 09°20'E to 10°00'E. Sighted several French ships.
  31 Oct 1941204537° 20'N, 9° 32'E
(0) Approximately.
The illuminated French steamer Gouverneur Général Lépine (3,509 GRT, built 1928) was observed. She was not disturbed as her presence had been announced.
  31 Oct 1941233037° 20'N, 9° 32'E
(0) Approximately.
An illuminated tanker was sighted. As it had not been announced by the French, two warning shots were fired. This turned out to be the French P.L.M. 20 (5,417 GRT, built 1920), escorted by the French torpedo boat La Bombarde, on passage to Bizerta. A signal announcing her passage was deciphered just in time and she was allowed to proceed.
  2 Nov 19410200-0225
0330 or 0530 ? (e)
37° 57'N, 10° 58'E
(e) 38° 00'N, 11° 40'E
An unidentified submarine was observed, on an easterly course. This was possibly ORP Sokol, but one of the patrol reports may contain an error in time and/or position, as they do not quite coincide. Santorre di Santarosa altered course to avoid the submarine.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)5 Nov 19411705Trapani6 Nov 19411000Messina183Passage Trapani-Messina.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)23 Nov 19412250Trapani24 Nov 19411500Messina185Passage Trapani-Messina.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)25 Nov 19411430Messina25 Nov 19411715Messina13Exercises, escorted by A.S.45.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)26 Nov 19411430Messina26 Nov 19411625Messina11Exercises.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)28 Nov 19411245Messina29 Nov 19410725Trapani180Passage Messina-Trapani.

7.Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)7 Dec 19412300Trapani21 Dec 19411700Trapani1713Patrolling in area between 34°40'N and 35°20'N, and between 16°00'E and 16°40'E on a patrol line with Narvalo. On 16 December, moved to area between 36°00'N and 36°40'N, and between 15°40'E and 16°20'E. Uneventful.
  8 Dec 1941141536° 39'N, 14° 15'EA derelict mine was destroyed by machine gun fire.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)23 Dec 19412250Trapani24 Dec 19411500Messina185Passage Trapani-Messina.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)11 Jan 19421435Messina11 Jan 19421635Messina12Exercises, escorted by the auxiliary Diversi.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)12 Jan 19421500Messina13 Jan 19420940Trapani185Passage Messina-Trapani.

8.Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)15 Jan 19421800Trapani25 Jan 19422130Trapani1308Patrolled east of Lampedusa, within 8 miles from 34°40'N, 13°20'E. At 2100 hours on the 17th January, patrol was shifted 10 miles east (34°40'N, 13°32'E). On 19th January, ordered to 34°30'N, 15°30'E and on 20th January in 34°50'N, 14°10'E.
  18 Jan 1942140434° 40'N, 13° 32'E
(0) Approximately.
The submarine had been informed (MARICOSOM 1954/18) of the passage of a convoy to Malta. It consisted of three ships of 3,000 to 10,000 tons, escorted by ten destroyers and four submarine chasers and was sighted at 0930 hours on 18th January, in 33°25' N, 18°55' E steering 285°. This was operation M.F.3.
  18 Jan 1942195434° 40'N, 13° 32'E
(0) Approximately.
Following the information on the convoy discovered earlier, a signal from MARICOSOM (1855/18) ordered Santorre Di Santarosa to Italian Grid 0132 (34°30' N, 15°30' E), Squalo to 8332 (probably 35°20' N, 15°30' E) and Narvalo to 2732 (probably 35°02' N, 15°30' E). The new position was reached at 1530 hours.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)7 Feb 19420840Trapani7 Feb 19421240Trapani15Exercises, escorted by the tug Levanzo.

9.Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)10 Feb 19421640Trapani14 Feb 19421030Trapani505Patrolled off Cape Blanc, between 37°33'N and the Tunisian coast, and between 09°40'E and 10°00'E, on a patrol line with Narvalo and Delfino. Uneventful. Sighted only French ships.
  11 Feb 19420100Santorre Di Santarosa was informed of an enemy force sighted at 2100 hours on 10th January in 37°50' N, 07°30' E on an easterly course. The submarine dived at 0815 hours on 11th January, and listened on her hydrophones for half an hour without result and continued her course toward her patrol position.

10.Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)14 Feb 19421700Trapani25 Feb 19421830Trapani1380Patrolled south of Malta, between 34°50'N and 35°10'N, and between 14°20'E and 14°40'E, on a patrol line with Narvalo. Uneventful. Heard only H.E.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)14 Mar 19420853Trapani14 Mar 19421207Trapani18Exercises, escorted by the tug Terracina.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)18 Mar 19421430Trapani18 Mar 19421625Trapani14Exercises, escorted by the minesweeper R.D.23.

11.Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)28 Mar 19421930Trapani31 Mar 19422330Trapani362Patrolled southwest of Marittimo Is., off Egadi, between 37°53'N and 38°00'N, 11°47'E and 12°00'E. Uneventful.

Santorre Di Santarosa (SN)7 Apr 19421955Trapani10 Apr 19420848Brindisi514Passage Trapani-Brindisi. Uneventful. Then refit until June 1942.

Atropo (AT, N.51)16 Apr 19420855Taranto16 Apr 19421700Taranto45,5Trials, escorted by the minesweeper R.D.13.

Atropo (AT, N.51)19 Apr 19420705Taranto19 Apr 19421325Taranto34,5Exercises with the submarine Bronzo in 40°28'30'N, 17°02'E. Returned briefly at 1233-1237 hours and sailed again with MAS 539.

Atropo (AT, N.51)23 Apr 19420715Taranto23 Apr 19421020Taranto7,2Trials.

Atropo (AT, N.51)2 May 19420900Taranto2 May 19421047Taranto2,2Trials.

Atropo (AT, N.51)14 May 19420906Taranto14 May 19421035Taranto2,4Trials.

Atropo (AT, N.51)28 May 19420900Taranto28 May 19421030Taranto2,5Trials.

Atropo (AT, N.51)29 May 19420815Taranto29 May 19421820Taranto45Trials and exercises, escorted by the minesweeper R.D.30.

Atropo (AT, N.51)30 May 19420815Taranto30 May 19421218Taranto6,2Trials.

Atropo (AT, N.51)8 Jun 19420815Taranto8 Jun 19421705Taranto56Exercises.

12.Atropo (AT, N.51)14 Jun 19420830Taranto18 Jun 19421410Taranto797Patrolled southeast of Malta to intercept en enemy convoy. Uneventful.
  17 Jun 19420930At 0930 hours, a derelict mine was seen and sunk by machine gun fire.

Atropo (AT, N.51)20 Jun 19421330Taranto20 Jun 19421535Taranto8Sailed for patrol, but then recalled.

13.Atropo (AT, N.51)23 Jun 19421040Taranto26 Jun 19422020DernaSupply mission to Derna with 52.8 tons of petrol. Uneventful. ULTRA sigint had learnt that Italian submarines Atropo, Bragadino, Corridoni and Zoea were used to transport stores to Derna and were passing through 33°20’N, 22°40’E.

14.Atropo (AT, N.51)27 Jun 19420200Derna30 Jun 19421240Taranto1175,5Return trip from supply mission to Derna (mileage total).
  27 Jun 19421400At 0930 hours, a derelict mine was seen through the periscope. Atropo surfaced and sank it by machine gun fire.

15.Atropo (AT, N.51)6 Jul 19421115Taranto9 Jul 19422015Derna (harbour entrance)Supply mission to Derna, but was diverted to Ras Hilal, Derna and Tobruk with 51.4 tons of petrol and one ton of jam. The submarine arrived off Derna but was very quickly ordered to Ras Hilal instead. Uneventful.

16.Atropo (AT, N.51)9 Jul 19422100Derna10 Jul 19420730Marsa El HilalPassage Derna-Marsa El Hilal. Uneventful.

17.Atropo (AT, N.51)11 Jul 19422015Marsa El Hilal13 Jul 19420900TobrukPassage Marsa El Hilal-Mersa Matruh, but at 2140 hours on 12th July, she was ordered to turn back and go to Tobruk (this was due to the blowing up of the German steamer Brook).
  13 Jul 19421800+
(0) Tobruk harbour.
At 1800 hours, the harbour came under air attack by five Blenheim bombers. Atropo could not use her machine guns as they stayed out of range at over 4,000 metres.

18.Atropo (AT, N.51)13 Jul 19421800Tobruk16 Jul 19421145Taranto1555Return trip from supply mission to Ras Hilal, Derna and Tobruk. Apparently sailed with Narvalo, but then went ahead (mileage total).
  13 Jul 19421800+
(0) Tobruk harbour.
At 1800 hours, the harbour came under air attack by five Blenheim bombers. Atropo could not use her machine guns as they stayed out of range at over 4,000 metres.

19.Atropo (AT, N.51)21 Jul 19421120Taranto24 Jul 19420100DernaSupply mission to Derna and Ras Hilal with 50 (or 54?) tons of petrol. At 2115 hours on 22nd July, she was ordered to proceed to Derna by staying north of 35°00'N and west of 21°00'E. Uneventful.
  23 Jul 19420940At 0940 hours, three Italian aircraft were seen and exchanged recognition signals.

20.Atropo (AT, N.51)24 Jul 19422000Derna25 Jul 19420610Ras HilalPassage Derna-Taranto, but diverted to Ras Hilal for repairs of defective diesel.
  25 Jul 19420535
(0) Off Ras Hilal.
At 0535 hours, the coastal batteries at Ras Hilal opened fire on Atropo, firing two salvoes of two rounds each, as warning shots to order the submarine to stop. They had not been informed of her arrival. They ceased fire when the Italian flag flying from the periscope was seen. The submarine had purposely awaited daybreak to make sure that she would be recognised by the coastal battery.

21.Atropo (AT, N.51)25 Jul 19422200Ras Hilal28 Jul 19421110Taranto1191Return trip from supply mission to Derna and Ras Hilal via 34°50'N, 22°10'E. Uneventful (mileage total).
  25 Jul 19420535
(0) Off Ras Hilal.
At 0535 hours, the coastal batteries at Ras Hilal opened fire on Atropo, firing two salvoes of two rounds each, as warning shots to order the submarine to stop. They had not been informed of her arrival. They ceased fire when the Italian flag flying from the periscope was seen. The submarine had purposely awaited daybreak to make sure that she would be recognised by the coastal battery.
  26 Jul 1942121034° 50'N, 22° 10'EAt 1210 hours, an Italian aircraft was seen and exchanged recognition signals.

Atropo (AT, N.51)10 Aug 19421230Taranto10 Aug 19421640Taranto25Trials.

22.Atropo (AT, N.51)12 Aug 19421855Taranto15 Aug 19421000TripoliSupply mission to Tripoli with 51.74 tons of petrol. Uneventful.

23.Atropo (AT, N.51)15 Aug 19421600Tripoli18 Aug 19421530Taranto1354Return trip from supply mission to Tripoli. Uneventful (mileage total).

24.Atropo (AT, N.51)1 Sep 19421105Taranto4 Sep 19420800BenghaziSupply mission to Benghazi with 78 tons of stores. Uneventful.

25.Atropo (AT, N.51)4 Sep 19421530Benghazi7 Sep 19421200Taranto1213Return trip from supply mission to Benghazi (mileage total).
  5 Sep 19421630At 1630 hours, a steamer was sighted and chased until 1700 hours when she turned out to be an Italian hospital ship.

26.Atropo (AT, N.51)15 Sep 19421100Taranto18 Sep 19420800BenghaziSupply mission to Benghazi with 67 tons of stores.
  16 Sep 19422300At 2300 hours, an Italian hospital ship was observed on a NW course.

27.Atropo (AT, N.51)19 Sep 19421700Benghazi22 Sep 19421130Taranto1147Return trip from supply mission to Benghazi. Uneventful (mileage total).

Atropo (AT, N.51)3 Feb 19430900Taranto3 Feb 19431240Taranto23Trials.

Atropo (AT, N.51)4 Feb 19430915Taranto4 Feb 19431215Taranto13Trials.

Atropo (AT, N.51)6 Feb 19430833Taranto6 Feb 19431545Taranto42,5Trials.

Atropo (AT, N.51)9 Feb 19430905Taranto9 Feb 19431700Taranto66,5Trials.

Giovanni da Procida (DP)15 Feb 1943Taranto28 Feb 1943TarantoIn Taranto. Change in command. Not operational until Armistice.

Tito Speri (TS)15 Feb 1943Taranto28 Feb 1943TarantoIn reserve at Taranto.

Atropo (AT, N.51)19 Feb 19430830Taranto19 Feb 19431450Taranto32Sonar exercises with the torpedo boat Antares.

Atropo (AT, N.51)21 Feb 19430530Taranto21 Feb 19431250Taranto25Sonar exercises with the destroyer Granatiere and the torpedo boat Antares.

Atropo (AT, N.51)22 Feb 19430745Taranto22 Feb 19431245Taranto22,5Sonar exercises with the destroyer Granatiere and the torpedo boat Antares.

Enrico Toti (TO)27 Feb 19431005Taranto27 Feb 19431510Taranto8,1Trials.

Atropo (AT, N.51)4 Mar 19430745Taranto4 Mar 19431245Taranto24Sonar exercises with the torpedo boat Perseo.

Atropo (AT, N.51)30 Mar 19430830Taranto30 Mar 19431200Taranto17Laid an experimental minefield.

Atropo (AT, N.51)31 Mar 19431445Taranto31 Mar 19431915Taranto25Sonar exercises with the torpedo boat Climene.

Atropo (AT, N.51)4 Apr 19430830Taranto4 Apr 19431130Taranto20Exercises.

Atropo (AT, N.51)6 Apr 19430645Taranto6 Apr 19431140Taranto29,4Sonar trials with submarine chaser Malinska [with Admiral Federico Martinengo on board].

Atropo (AT, N.51)15 Apr 19430630Taranto15 Apr 19431200Taranto34Exercises.

Pietro Micca (MC)16 Apr 19430720Taranto16 Apr 19431235Taranto27Exercises.

Pietro Micca (MC)18 Apr 19430630Taranto18 Apr 19431220Taranto37Exercises with torpedo boat Mosto.

Pietro Micca (MC)21 Apr 19430730Taranto21 Apr 19431035Taranto16,5Exercises.

Pietro Micca (MC)24 Apr 19430800Taranto24 Apr 19431236Taranto27,5Sonar exercises with Gino Nais.

Atropo (AT, N.51)3 May 19430712Taranto3 May 19431410Taranto31Exercises.

Pietro Micca (MC)9 May 19431130Taranto11 May 19430730Augusta354Passage Taranto-Augusta.

Pietro Micca (MC)15 May 19432200Augusta16 May 19430137Augusta28,5Passage Augusta-Taranto, but turned back because of defects.

Pietro Micca (MC)17 May 19432345Augusta20 May 19431030Taranto347Passage Augusta-Taranto. Uneventful.

Sparide (UIT-15)9 Sep 1943La Spezia9 Sep 1943ScuttledScuttled after armistice. S.T.V. Enzo Berardi was in charge at the time. Refloated by Germans and renamed UIT-15. Sunk during air raid on Genoa on 4th September 1944.

98 entries. 89 total patrol entries (27 marked as war patrols) and 25 events.

Italian Commanders

Italian Submarines