Italian submarines in World War Two

Italian Commanders

Emilio Gariazzo

Born  31 Oct 1905Turin
Died   1985(79)Genoa


  C.C.Capitano di Corvetta


22 Jan 1942 Medaglia di bronzo al valore militare
14 Jan 1948 Medaglia di bronzo al valore militare

Career information

AXUM (C.C. C.O.): from 15.03.1940 to 06.12.1941.
ALAGI (C.C. C.O.): from 16.11.1940 to 19.11.1940.
From 17.02.1942 to at least early 1943, served at MARISOM MONFALCONE CAPO UFF. ALL. SMGG. GRANITO (C.C. C.O).: from 01.03.1942 to 19.05.1942.
AVORIO (C.C. C.O.): from 10.04.1942 to 27.04.1942.
PORFIDO (C.C. C.O.): from 19.05.1942 to 25.06.1942.
GOFFREDO MAMELI (C.C. resp.): from 18.6.1942 to 11.07.1943 (long refit at Monfalcone).

Commands listed for Emilio Gariazzo

Submarine Type Rank From To
Alagi (AL, N.58)Coastal / Sea goingC.C.16 Nov 194019 Nov 1940
Axum (AX)Coastal / Sea goingC.C.15 Mar 19406 Dec 1941
Avorio (AV)Coastal / Sea goingC.C.10 Apr 194227 Apr 1942
Granito (GR)Coastal / Sea goingC.C.1 Mar 194219 May 1942
Porfido (PO)Coastal / Sea goingC.C.19 May 194225 Jun 1942
Goffredo Mameli (GM)Ocean goingC.C.18 Jun 194211 Jul 1943

Ships hit by Emilio Gariazzo

No ships hit by this Commander.

War patrols listed for Emilio Gariazzo

 SubmarineDateTimePortArr. dateArr. timeArr. portMilesDescription
1.Axum (AX)9 Jun 19402000Cagliari20 Jun 19401300Cagliari364Sailed to form a patrol line (S2) on the Cape Teulada meridian:

Axum - 15 miles south of the Cape.
Turchese - 35 miles south of the Cape.
Adua - 55 miles south of the Cape.
Aradam - 75 miles south of the Cape.

Later ordered to patrol between the islands of S. Pietro and S. Antioco.

2.Axum (AX)3 Jul 19401450Cagliari6 Jul 19400900Cagliari310Patrolled west of Sardinia, in 38°04'N, 07°12' E, on a barrage line with Aradam, Turchese and Alagi. The French battlecruiser Strasbourg, on passage from Oran to Toulon, passed 40 to 50 miles from the submarine. Uneventful. NOTE: the submarine sailed with just one pair of binoculars as the three others had been damaged at La Spezia and had not yet been replaced.

3.Axum (AX)9 Jul 19400305Cagliari12 Jul 19400630Cagliari336,4Patrolled near Sardinia, 37°40'N, 09°20'E, on a patrol line with the submarine Glauco. During the night of 9/10th, she was moved 300° - 100 miles.

4.Axum (AX)1 Aug 19400217Cagliari11 Aug 19401700La Maddalena1154Patrolled south of Balearic Islands, from a point 37°55'N, 06°50'E to 50-80 miles to the west, on a patrol line with Diaspro, Turchese and Scirè. Uneventful.

5.Axum (AX)30 Aug 19402110La Maddalena5 Sep 19400900La Maddalena722Patrolled north of Cape Bougaroni, in 37°40'N, 03°00'E and as far west as 06°00'E, on a barrage line with Alagi, Diaspro and Medusa. Uneventful.

Axum (AX)24 Sep 19401100La Maddalena25 Sep 19401000Cagliari187,9Passage La Maddalena-Cagliari.

Axum (AX)3 Oct 19401525Cagliari3 Oct 19401700Cagliari29Exercises.

Axum (AX)5 Oct 19401525Cagliari5 Oct 19401700Cagliari0,3Changed moorings?

Axum (AX)7 Oct 19400800Cagliari7 Oct 19401233Cagliari26Exercises.

6.Axum (AX)9 Nov 19401845Cagliari13 Nov 19401215Cagliari561Sailed to form a patrol line with Alagi, Axum, Diaspro and Medusa, 315° - La Galite - 110 miles, north of Cape Bougaroni. Uneventful.

7.Alagi (AL, N.58)16 Nov 19400107Cagliari19 Nov 19401355Cagliari483Patrolled north of Cape Bougaroni in 38°00'N, 06°00'E. Uneventful. Gariazzo had taken over command from C.C. Nurra who was sick and sailed without an executive officer as the latter was also sick.

8.Axum (AX)26 Nov 19400130Cagliari30 Nov 19401910Cagliari323Patrolled in 38°00'N, 09°20'E to a point 10 miles south of it, on a line with Alagi, Diaspro and Aradam. Uneventful.

Axum (AX)9 Dec 19401123Cagliari9 Dec 19401445Cagliari20,6Exercises.

9.Axum (AX)7 Jan 19411828Cagliari14 Jan 19411051Cagliari505Patrolled east of La Galite, on axis NE/SW from 37°10'N, 08°10'E. Uneventful, except for sighting two Italian convoys.

Axum (AX)19 Jan 19410720Cagliari20 Jan 19411800MessinaPassage Cagliari-Messina.

Axum (AX)24 Jan 19410114Messina27 Jan 19411240PolaPassage Messina-Pola. May have been sighted by the submarine HMS Rorqual on 25th January.

Axum (AX)30 Jan 19410751Pola30 Jan 19411455Monfalcone1245Passage Pola-Monfalcone for refit at Monfalcone. Sighted only Italian ships.

Axum (AX)29 Apr 19410900Monfalcone29 Apr 19411612Monfalcone62,7Exercises.

Axum (AX)30 Apr 19410900Monfalcone30 Apr 19411630Monfalcone60,5Exercises.

Axum (AX)9 May 19411030Monfalcone9 May 19411725Pola64Exercises.

Axum (AX)12 May 19410835Pola12 May 19410920Pola2Exercises.

Axum (AX)13 May 19410600Pola13 May 19411915Pola152Exercises escorted by auxiliary San Giorgio.

Axum (AX)16 May 19410745Pola16 May 19411632Pola36Exercises escorted by auxiliary San Giorgio in zone 4.

Axum (AX)17 May 19411030Pola17 May 19411430Pola21,3Exercises with the submarine Alagi, escorted by auxiliary Parenzo.

Axum (AX)22 May 19410200Pola23 May 19411645Brindisi346Passage Pola-Brindisi.

Axum (AX)27 May 19411530Brindisi28 May 19412400Messina303Passage Brindisi-Messina.

Axum (AX)6 Jun 19412255Messina7 Jun 19410620Augusta70,8Passage Messina-Augusta.

10.Axum (AX)11 Jun 19412045Augusta27 Jun 19410130Leros1248Patrolled between 32°00'N and 32°13'N, and between 25°00'E and 25°20'E. Bombed by aircraft on 25th June, 60 miles east of Crete.
  23 Jun 19412229
2325 (e)
32° 18'N, 25° 10'E
(0) Near Ras El Melh.
At 2226 hours, a darkened vessel, which could not be identified, was sighted at a distance of 1,500 metres on a westerly course.

At 2229 hours, a single torpedo was fired at a range of 800 metres. It had an erratic course and missed.

At 2230 hours, a second torpedo was fired from about the same range and missed astern.

The target was most likely the minesweeper HMS Derby, who reported missed by a torpedo on this day near Ras El Melh. The destroyers HMAS Stuart and HMAS Voyager were sent to hunt the submarine.
  26 Jun 19411020-121034° 00'N, 25° 00'E
(0) 070° - Punta Castello - 2 miles (Scarpanto Straits).
At 1015 hours, an Italian aircraft was sighted. Axum made the recognition signal. Between 1020 and 1210 hours, Axum came under air attack from Italian and German aircraft (three Savoias 82, two Savoias 79 and five Junker 87 bombers). The submarine had been reported by the coastal station of Menetes (Scarpanto) at 0800 hours.

The British submarine HMS Tetrarch had attacked the Italian motor sailing vessel Alleanza in this area the previous day, but local authorities had not received the signal from Rome informing them of the arrival of Axum.

To fend off the attack, Axum opened fire with her machine-guns, thereby increasing the perception that she was enemy. Despite the repeated air attacks, the submarine had no casualties and damage was minimal, which did not reflect well on the antisubmarine capabilities of the two Axis air arms. In addition, a coastal battery opened fire straddling Axum, despite the frantic efforts to wave a large Italian flag.

At 1123 hours, to compound the error, MAS 542 fired one torpedo at the submarine as she was not aware of her presence. Axum sighted the torpedo at about 100 meters and managed to avoid it. The submarine was finally recognised and the attacks ceased. She continued her route toward Leros.

This attack was the object of an inquest presided by C.V. Aldo Cocchia (futur author of books on Italian submarines and Italian convoys).

11.Axum (AX)16 Jul 19412045Leros8 Aug 19410130Messina1278Made outward passage between Cape Prassonisi and Rhodes to area between 32°00'N and the Egyptian coast, and between 26°40'E and 27°40'E. Patrolled northeast of Ras Azzaz, then to Sicily at 2100 hours on 28th July through Point K (33°20' N, 26°40' E). Heard several H.E. and many explosions, some in the vicinity of the submarine.
  26 Jul 1941031634° 00'N, 25° 00'E
(0) Approximately.
At 0316 hours, several bombs were heard and felt near the submarine. A periscope scan revealed nothing.

Axum (AX)28 Aug 19410815Messina28 Aug 19411435Messina33Exercises.

Axum (AX)2 Sep 19411900Messina4 Sep 19410625Cagliari320Passage Messina-Calgliari.

Axum (AX)8 Sep 19410730Cagliari8 Sep 19411430Cagliari22,5Exercises.

12.Axum (AX)11 Sep 19411525Cagliari16 Sep 19411130Cagliari695Patrolled south of Minorca, between 39°20'N and 39°40'N, and between 04°00'E and 05°20'E, on a barrage line with Turchese and Adua. On 14th September, ordered to 38°50'N, 03°40'E. Uneventful.

13.Axum (AX)25 Sep 19411830Cagliari2 Oct 19410910Cagliari651Sailed with the submarines Diaspro, Aradam and Serpente, for patrol west of Sardinia, between 39°20'N and 40°20'N, and between 05°40'E and 06°00'E. On the 27th, she was moved 100 miles to the south and later further south. Then ordered to attack a damaged enemy vessel reported in 27°20'N, 07°30'E. On her return trip followed the North African coast at a distance of 32 miles, between 06°40'E and 09°00'E. Uneventful. Heard only H.E. effect.

Axum (AX)9 Oct 19410730Cagliari9 Oct 19411610Cagliari26Exercises, escorted by the minesweeper Balear.

Axum (AX)10 Oct 19410923Cagliari10 Oct 19411630Cagliari24Exercises.

14.Axum (AX)23 Oct 19412340Cagliari2 Nov 19411025Cagliari852Patrolled east of Cape Bougaroni, between 37°10'N and 37°40'N, and between 06°50'E and 07°10'E. Sighted many ships, all French.

Axum (AX)12 Nov 19411535Cagliari12 Nov 19411850Cagliari22Exercises.

Axum (AX)4 Dec 19410825Cagliari4 Dec 19411210Cagliari27Exercises, escorted by the minesweeper Balear.

Granito (GR)7 Apr 19420921Monfalcone7 Apr 19421500Monfalcone25Exercises.

Granito (GR)9 Apr 19420912Monfalcone9 Apr 19421352Monfalcone25Exercises.

Avorio (AV)10 Apr 1942Monfalcone27 Apr 1942MonfalconeIn reserve, change in command.

Granito (GR)23 Apr 19420900Monfalcone23 Apr 19421520Monfalcone18Exercises.

Avorio (AV)24 Apr 19420910Monfalcone24 Apr 19421230MonfalconeExercises.

Porfido (PO)29 May 19420840Monfalcone29 May 19421224Monfalcone26Exercises.

Porfido (PO)3 Jun 19420806Monfalcone3 Jun 19421111Monfalcone18Exercises.

Porfido (PO)5 Jun 19420717Monfalcone5 Jun 19421235Venezia69Passage Monfalcone-Venezia.

Porfido (PO)6 Jun 19420928Monfalcone6 Jun 19421251Monfalcone8,5Exercises, escorted by the auxiliary Salvore.

Porfido (PO)10 Jun 19420935Venezia10 Jun 19421659Pola72Passage Venezia-Pola.

Porfido (PO)12 Jun 19420543Pola12 Jun 19422110Pola143Exercises.

Porfido (PO)13 Jun 19420840Pola13 Jun 19421716Pola5Exercises.

Porfido (PO)15 Jun 19420809Pola15 Jun 19421700Pola12Exercises.

Porfido (PO)17 Jun 19420825Pola17 Jun 19421950Monfalcone71Passage Pola-Monfalcone.

Goffredo Mameli (GM)18 Jun 1942Monfalcone31 Dec 1942MonfalconeLong refit.

55 entries. 54 total patrol entries (14 marked as war patrols) and 3 events.

Italian Commanders

Italian Submarines