ORP Orkan (G 90)
Destroyer of the M class
|Navy||The Polish Navy|
|Built by||Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. (Govan, Scotland)|
|Laid down||7 Dec 1939|
|Launched||2 Mar 1942|
|Commissioned||18 Nov 1942|
|Lost||8 Oct 1943|
|Loss position||56° 30'N, 26° 26'W|
Orkan means hurricane in English.
At 07.05 hours on 8 October 1943 ORP Orkan (Komandor Podporucznik Stanislaw Hryniewiecki) was hit by a Gnat from the German submarine U-378 while escorting convoy SC-143 in the north-Atlantic and sank within a few minutes in position 56º30'N, 26º26'W. One officer and 42 ratings survived and were picked up by the British destroyer HMS Musketeer. 179 Polish and 7 British crew members went down with the ship which also includes the commanding officer Hryniewiecki.
Hit by U-boat
|U-boat Attack||See our U-boat attack entry for the ORP Orkan|
|Former name||HMS Myrmidon|
Commands listed for ORP Orkan (G 90)
Please note that we're still working on this section.
|1||Kmdr por. Stanislaw Hryniewiecki, ORP||18 Nov 1942||8 Oct 1943 (+)|
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Notable events involving Orkan include:
20 Feb 1943
Between 20 February and 9 March 1943, ORP Orkan participates in escort of convoys: JW-53 and RA-53 (Loch Ewe - Murmansk - Loch Ewe). (3)
4 Apr 1943
HMS Newfoundland (Capt. W.R. Slayter, DSC, RN) departed Plymouth for patrol in the Bay of Biscay and subsequent onward passage to Gibraltar where she arrived on the 9th. On departure from Plymouth the Polish destroyers ORP Piorun (Cdr. T. Gorazdowski) and ORP Orkan (Cdr. S. Hryniewiecki) were with her. These destroyers returned to Plymouth on the 8th. (4)
5 May 1943
With her refit completed, the battleship HMS Valiant (Capt. L.H. Ashmore, RN), departed Plymouth around 1100B/5 for Scapa Flow. She is escorted by the destroyers ORP Orkan (Cdr. S. Hryniewiecki), ORP Piorun (Cdr. S.T. Dzienisiewicz) and the escort destroyer HMS Wensleydale (Lt. W.P. Goodfellow, RNVR).
Around 1130B/5, the destroyer HMS Tumult (Lt.Cdr. N. Lanyon, RN), HMS Blankney (Lt.Cdr. D.H.R. Bromley, RN) and HMS Brecon (Lt.Cdr. T.D. Herrick, DSC and Bar, RN) joined and the original escort parted company to return to Plymouth.
HMS Valiant, HMS Tumult, HMS Blankney and HMS Brecon arrived at Scapa Flow around 0730B/7. (5)
25 Jun 1943
ORP Orkan (Kmdr por S. Hryniewiecki) picks up two survivors from the British merchant Ford Concord that was torpedoed and sunk by German U-boat U-456 about 440 nautical miles north of the Azores in position 46°05'N, 25°20'W on 12 May.
4 Jul 1943
The Polish Supreme Chief General Wladyslaw Sikorski was killed when the Liberator aircraft transporting him back to the UK crashed on takeoff from Gibraltar. Later that month, ORP Orkan transferred his body from Gibraltar to the UK to be buried at the Polish War Cemetery in Newark-on-Trent, England.
2 Sep 1943
HrMs O 15 (Lt.Cdr. A.J. Schouwenaar, RNN) conducted A/S exercises at / off Scapa Flow with ORP Orkan (Cdr. S. Hryniewiecki, ORP), HMS Malcolm (Lt. I.M. Clegg, RN), HMS Northern Wave (T/Lt. J.P. Kilbee, RNR) and HMS Cape Palliser (Lt. B.T. Wortley, RNR). (6)
3 Sep 1943
HrMs O 15 (Lt.Cdr. A.J. Schouwenaar, RNN) conducted A/S exercises at / off Scapa Flow with ORP Orkan (Cdr. S. Hryniewiecki, ORP), USS Isherwood (Cdr. R.E. Gadrow, USN) and USS Hobson (Lt.Cdr. K. Loveland, USN).
Later she departed Scapa Flow for Lerwick escorted by HMS Loch Monteith (T/Lt. K.W. Richardson, RNR). (6)
21 Sep 1943
HMS Tuna (Lt. D.S.R. Martin, DSO and Bar, RN) conducted practice attacks on HMS Queen Elizabeth (Capt. H.G. Norman, CBE, RN) escorted by the destroyers HMS Musketeer (Cdr. E.N.V. Currey, DSC, RN), ORP Orkan (Cdr. S. Hryniewiecki, ORP) and HMCS Huron (Lt.Cdr. H.S. Rayner, DSC, RCN). (7)
23 Sep 1943
HMS H 33 (Lt. D.G. Kent, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Musketeer (Cdr. E.N.V. Currey, DSC, RN), HMS Orwell (Lt.Cdr. J.M. Hodges, DSO, RN), HMS Oribi (Lt.Cdr. J.C.A. Ingram, DSC and Bar, RN) and ORP Orkan (Cdr. S. Hryniewiecki, ORP). (8)
- File 2.12.03.6397 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)
- ADM 53/118335
- Personal communication
- ADM 199/632
- ADM 53/118672
- File 2.12.03.6398 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)
- ADM 173/18312
- ADM 173/17786
ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.
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