List of all U-boats




Ordered16 Oct 1939
Laid down26 Apr 1941 Howaldtswerke AG, Kiel (werk 12)
Launched14 Jan 1942
Commissioned25 Feb 1942Oblt. Wilhelm-Heinrich Graf von Pückler und Limburg
25 Feb 1942 - 10 May 1943  Kptlt. Wilhelm-Heinrich Graf von Pückler und Limpurg
3 patrols
25 Feb 1942-30 Sep 1942  5. Flottille (training)
1 Oct 1942-10 May 1943  7. Flottille (active service)
SuccessesNo ships sunk or damaged

Missing since 10 May 1943 in the North Atlantic south of Greenland. There is no explanation for its loss. 47 dead (all hands lost). (FDS/NHB, June 1992).

Loss position

View the 3 war patrols

U-381 reported for the last time on 9 May 1943 from approximate position 51.30N, 36.00W and was posted as missing on 21 May 1943 after repeatedly failing to report its position.

Previously recorded fate

  • Sunk 19 May, 1943 in the North Atlantic southeast of Cape Farewell, Greenland, in position 54.41N, 34.45W, by depth charges from the British destroyer HMS Duncan and the British corvette HMS Snowflake. (Postwar assessment)
    Notes. The targets of this attack were actually U-304 and U-636, which both escaped unscathed.

Wolfpack operations

U-381 operated with the following Wolfpacks during its career:
   Panther (11 Oct 1942 - 20 Oct 1942)
   Veilchen (20 Oct 1942 - 5 Nov 1942)
   Delphin (26 Dec 1942 - 14 Feb 1943)
   Adler (11 Apr 1943 - 13 Apr 1943)
   Meise (13 Apr 1943 - 27 Apr 1943)
   Star (27 Apr 1943 - 4 May 1943)
   Fink (4 May 1943 - 6 May 1943)
   Inn (11 May 1943 - 15 May 1943)
   Donau 1 (15 May 1943 - 21 May 1943)

Attacks on this boat and other events

14 Feb 1943
The target of the attack by a British Catalina flying boat (RAF Sqdn 202/J) on 14 Feb. 1943 off Cape Carvoeiro, north of Lisbon, in position 39.27N, 11.34W, formerly credited with the sinking of U-620 was in fact U-381, which escaped unscathed. (Sources: 1988-09-01, FDS/NHB)

1 recorded attack on this boat.

Men lost from U-boats

Unlike many other U-boats, which during their service lost men due to accidents and various other causes, U-381 did not suffer any casualties (we know of) until the time of her loss.

U-boat Emblems

We have 2 emblem entries for this boat. See the emblem page for this boat or view emblems individually below.

Figure on U-boat

Skull and Crossbones

Media links

Hitler's U-boat War, Vol II

Blair, Clay

U-Boat Operations of the Second World War - Vol 1

Wynn, Kenneth

German U-Boat Losses During World War II

Niestle, Axel

Hitler's U-boat War

Blair, Clay

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